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  1. On December 2017 the Italian Parliament approved law n. 219/2017 “Provisions for informed consent and advance directives” regarding challenging legal and bioethical issues related to healthcare decisions and e...

    Authors: Corinna Porteri, Giulia Ienco, Edda Mariaelisa Turla, Carlo Petrini and Patrizio Pasqualetti
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:114
  2. This study aimed to determine the elements and the extent of information that child participants and their parents would like to read in an informed assent form (IAF)/informed consent form (ICF) of a pediatric...

    Authors: Nut Koonrungsesomboon, Pimlak Charoenkwan, Rungrote Natesirinilkul, Kanda Fanhchaksai, Wannachai Sakuludomkan and Nimit Morakote
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:113
  3. As the use of AI becomes more pervasive, and computerised systems are used in clinical decision-making, the role of trust in, and the trustworthiness of, AI tools will need to be addressed. Using the case of c...

    Authors: Nina Hallowell, Shirlene Badger, Aurelia Sauerbrei, Christoffer Nellåker and Angeliki Kerasidou
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:112
  4. In paediatric oncology, healthcare professionals face moral challenges. Clinical ethics support services, such as moral case deliberation (MCD), aim to assist them in dealing with these challenges. Yet, health...

    Authors: Cecilia Bartholdson, Isabelle Billstein, Bert Molewijk and Pernilla Pergert
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:108
  5. While healthcare professionals’ right to invoke the conscience clause has been recognised as a fundamental human right, it continues to provoke a heated debate in Polish society. Although public discourse is f...

    Authors: Justyna Czekajewska, Dariusz Walkowiak and Jan Domaradzki
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:107
  6. Seeking assent from children for participation in medical research is an ethical imperative of numerous institutions globally. However, none of these organizations provide specific guidance on the criteria or ...

    Authors: Florence Cayouette, Katie O’Hearn, Shira Gertsman and Kusum Menon
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:106
  7. Residual dried blood spots (rDBS) from newborn screening programmes represent a valuable resource for medical research, from basic sciences, through clinical to public health. In Hong Kong, there is no legisla...

    Authors: L. L. Hui, E. A.S. Nelson, H. B. Deng, T. Y. Leung, C. H. Ho, J. S.C. Chong, G. P.G. Fung, J. Hui and H. S. Lam
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:105
  8. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) as a source for the development of advanced therapy medicinal products are considered for treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Research has shown promising results and opene...

    Authors: Jennifer Drevin, Dag Nyholm, Håkan Widner, Trinette Van Vliet, Jennifer Viberg Johansson, Elena Jiltsova and Mats Hansson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:102
  9. Huntington’s disease (HD) has a poor prognosis. For HD patients in the Netherlands, one way of dealing with their poor prognosis is by drawing up an advance euthanasia directive (AED). Little is known about th...

    Authors: Marina R. Ekkel, Marja F.I.A. Depla, Els M.L. Verschuur, Ruth B. Veenhuizen, Cees M.P.M. Hertogh and Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:101
  10. The terminal illness of late-stage (advanced) Alzheimer’s and related dementias is progressively cruel, burdensome, and can last years if caregivers assist oral feeding and hydrating. Options to avoid prolonge...

    Authors: Stanley A. Terman, Karl E. Steinberg and Nathaniel Hinerman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:100

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:111

  11. Clinical ethics consultations (CEC) can be complex interventions, involving multiple methods, stakeholders, and competing ethical values. Despite longstanding calls for rigorous evaluation in the field, progre...

    Authors: Jennifer A. H. Bell, Marina Salis, Eryn Tong, Erica Nekolaichuk, Claudia Barned, Andria Bianchi, Daniel Z. Buchman, Kevin Rodrigues, Ruby R. Shanker and Ann M. Heesters
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:99
  12. The South African legal framework requires mandatory parental/legal guardian consent for all research with children. Ethics guidelines provide some reprieve by allowing RECs to grant waivers of parental or guardi...

    Authors: Ann Strode and Zaynab Essack
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:98
  13. Science and technology have vastly expanded the realm of medicine. The numbers of and knowledge about diseases has greatly increased, and we can help more people in many more ways than ever before. At the same...

    Authors: Bjørn Hofmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:97
  14. Decision-making competence is a complex concept in the care for transgender and gender diverse adolescents, since this type of care concerns one’s developing gender identity and involves treatment options that...

    Authors: Janine de Snoo-Trimp, Annelou de Vries, Bert Molewijk and Irma Hein
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:96
  15. Biobanks and biomedical research data repositories collect their samples and associated data from volunteer participants. Their aims are to facilitate biomedical research and improve health, and they are frame...

    Authors: G. Samuel, F. Hardcastle, R. Broekstra and A. Lucassen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:95
  16. In the Netherlands, patients have the legal right to make a request for euthanasia to their physician. However, it is not clear what it means in a moral sense for a physician to receive a request for euthanasi...

    Authors: Marjanne van Zwol, Fijgje de Boer, Natalie Evans and Guy Widdershoven
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:94
  17. Only a few studies have been conducted to assess physicians’ knowledge of legal standards. Nevertheless, prior research has demonstrated a dearth of medical law knowledge. Our study explored physicians’ awaren...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Plaiasu, Dragos Ovidiu Alexandru and Codrut Andrei Nanu
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:93
  18. The Act Regarding the Promotion of the Appropriate Supply of Hematopoietic Stem Cells for Transplant regulates only how public banks store and provide umbilical cord blood (UCB) for research or transplantation...

    Authors: Maho Murata, Kenichiro Kawabe, Taichi Hatta, Shoichi Maeda and Misao Fujita
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:92
  19. The rise of precision medicine has led to an unprecedented focus on human biological material in biomedical research. In addition, rapid advances in stem cell technology, regenerative medicine and synthetic bi...

    Authors: Michael A. Lensink, Karin R. Jongsma, Sarah N. Boers and Annelien L. Bredenoord
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:90
  20. Performance evaluation is vital for IRB operations. As the number of IRBs and their responsibilities in reviewing and supervising clinical research grow in China, there is a significant need to evaluate their ...

    Authors: Xing Liu, Ying Wu, Min Yang, Yang Li, Kaveh Khoshnood, Esther Luo, Lun Li and Xiaomin Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:89
  21. At the start of 2021, oncologists lacked the necessary scientific knowledge to adapt their clinical practices optimally when faced with cancer patients refusing or reluctant to be vaccinated against COVID-19, ...

    Authors: Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Sakina Sekkate, Elisabeth Angellier, Titouan Kennel, Asmahane Benmaziane, May Mabro, Jean-François Geay, Philippe Beuzeboc and Christian Hervé
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:88
  22. The study evaluated nurses’ perceptions on the benefits, drawbacks, and their roles in initiating and implementing advance directives (AD) at private and public secondary healthcare units.

    Authors: Oluwaseyi Emiola Ojedoyin and Ayodele Samuel Jegede
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:87
  23. Implicit prejudice can lead to disparities in treatment. The effects of specialty and experience on implicit obesity and mental illness prejudice had not been explored. The main objective was to examine how sp...

    Authors: Chloë FitzGerald, Christian Mumenthaler, Delphine Berner, Mélinée Schindler, Tobias Brosch and Samia Hurst
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:86
  24. Research and academic institutions use various delivery channels to deliver Research Integrity (RI) education in their communities. Yet there is no consensus on the best delivery method and the effectiveness o...

    Authors: Jolene Y. L. Chua, Celine S. L. Lee, Kwee P. Yeo, Yusuf Ali and Chin L. Lim
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:85
  25. Biobanks have recently been established in several low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Arab region of the Middle East. We aimed to explore the views of biobank managers regarding the challenges, et...

    Authors: Ahmed Samir Abdelhafiz, Mamoun Ahram, Maha Emad Ibrahim, Alya Elgamri, Ehsan Gamel, Rania Labib and Henry Silverman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:83
  26. Over the past few years, five domains of importance about the current state of bioethics in Saudi Arabia have shaped the perspective of most research: doctor-patient relationship, informed consent, do-not-resu...

    Authors: Alexander Woodman, Khawaja Bilal Waheed, Mohammad Rasheed and Shakil Ahmad
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:82
  27. Ethical challenges constitute an inseparable part of daily decision-making processes in all areas of healthcare. In prehospital emergency medicine, decision-making commonly takes place in everyday life, under ...

    Authors: Henriette Bruun, Louise Milling, Søren Mikkelsen and Lotte Huniche
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:80

    The Author Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:120

  28. 300 million operations and procedures are performed annually across the world, all of which require a patient’s informed consent. No standardised measure of the consent process exists in current clinical pract...

    Authors: Liam J. Convie, Joshua M. Clements, Scott McCain, Jeffrey Campbell, Stephen J. Kirk and Mike Clarke
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:79
  29. Existing research on perceptions of plagiarism and cultural influences mainly focuses on comparisons between the Western World and the Eastern World. However, possible differences within the Western World have...

    Authors: Nannan Yi, Benoit Nemery and Kris Dierickx
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:78
  30. Compulsory treatments represent a legal means of imposing treatment on an individual, usually with a mental illness, who refuses therapeutic intervention and poses a risk of self-harm or harm to others. Compul...

    Authors: Sérgio M. Martinho, Bárbara Santa-Rosa and Margarida Silvestre
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:77
  31. For the benefits of advance care planning to be realised during a hospital admission, the treating team must have accurate knowledge of the law pertaining to implementation of advance care directives (ACDs) an...

    Authors: Jamie Bryant, Amy Waller, Alison Bowman, Robert Pickles, Carolyn Hullick, Emma Price, Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Anne Knight, Mary-Ann Ryall and Rob Sanson-Fisher
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:74
  32. Junior medical doctors have a key role in discussions and decisions about treatment and end-of-life care for people with dementia in hospital. Little is known about junior doctors’ decision-making processes wh...

    Authors: Amy Waller, Jamie Bryant, Alison Bowman, Ben P. White, Lindy Willmott, Robert Pickles, Carolyn Hullick, Emma Price, Anne Knight, Mary-Ann Ryall, Mathew Clapham and Rob Sanson-Fisher
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:73
  33. In Saudi clinical settings, benevolent family care that reflects strongly held sociocultural values is commonly used to justify overriding respect for patient autonomy. Because the welfare of individuals is co...

    Authors: Manal Z. Alfahmi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:72
  34. Debates around euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are ongoing around the globe. Public support has been mounting in Western countries, while some decline has been observed in the USA and Eastern E...

    Authors: Reetta P. Piili, Pekka Louhiala, Jukka Vänskä and Juho T. Lehto
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:71
  35. The coronavirus 2019 pandemic placed unprecedented pressures on healthcare services and magnified ethical dilemmas related to how resources should be allocated. These resources include, among others, personal ...

    Authors: Lydia O’Sullivan, Edelweiss Aldasoro, Áine O’Brien, Maeve Nolan, Cliona McGovern and Áine Carroll
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:70
  36. Ethics is the science of moral and ethical rules recognised in human life and attempts to verify what is morally right and wrong. Healthcare ethics is seen as an integrated part of the daily activities of heal...

    Authors: Gebreyohannes Yeshineh, Amsalu Feleke, Chalie Tadie, Asebe Hagos, Wubshet Debebe, Getachew Teshale and Lake Yazachew
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:68
  37. Clinical Ethics Support Services (CESS) have been established to support healthcare professionals in addressing ethically sensitive issues in clinical practice and, in many countries, they are under developmen...

    Authors: Chiara Crico, Virginia Sanchini, Paolo G. Casali and Gabriella Pravettoni
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:67
  38. In end-of-life situations, the phrase “do everything” is sometimes invoked by physicians, patients, or substitute decision-makers (SDM), though its meaning is ambiguous. We examined instances of the phrase “do...

    Authors: Holly Yim, Syeda Shanza Hashmi, Brian Dewar, Claire Dyason, Kwadwo Kyeremanteng, Susan Lamb and Michel Shamy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:66

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