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  1. The Public Health Service Increased Risk designation identified organ donors at increased risk of transmitting hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus. Despite clear data demonstrating a low...

    Authors: Yvonne M. Kelly, Arya Zarinsefat, Mehdi Tavakol, Amy M. Shui, Chiung-Yu Huang and John P. Roberts
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:20
  2. The ability of healthcare to protect sensitive personal data in medical records and registers might influence public trust, which in turn might influence willingness to allow healthcare to use such data. The a...

    Authors: Sara Belfrage, Gert Helgesson and Niels Lynøe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:19
  3. Little previous research has been conducted outside of major cities in China to examine how physicians currently perceive palliative care, and to identify specific goals for training as palliative care access ...

    Authors: Jessica Hahne, Xiaomin Wang, Rui Liu, Yuqiong Zhong, Xin Chen, Xing Liu, Kaveh Khoshnood and Xin Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:17
  4. Defensive practice occurs when physicians provide services, such as tests, treatments and referrals, mainly to reduce their perceived legal or reputational risks, rather than to advance patient care. This beha...

    Authors: Nola M. Ries, Briony Johnston and Jesse Jansen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:16
  5. Human embryonic stem cells are currently used for developing treatment against Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the use of ES cells is surrounded with moral concerns. Research regarding the public's attitude...

    Authors: Åsa Grauman and Jennifer Drevin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:15
  6. The nature of pediatric settings may encounter nurses with more complicated ethical issues. A code of ethics guides nurses to act and decide ethically as a profession. Also, there is always a need to evaluate ...

    Authors: Raziyeh Beykmirza, Lida Nikfarid, Reza Negarandeh, Naeimeh Sarkhani and Mahboube Moradi Cherati
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:14
  7. There has been no in-depth research of public attitudes on withholding or withdrawing life-prolonging treatment, euthanasia, assisted suicide and physician assisted suicide in Croatia. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Ana Borovecki, Marko Curkovic, Krunoslav Nikodem, Stjepan Oreskovic, Milivoj Novak, Filip Rubic, Jurica Vukovic, Diana Spoljar, Bert Gordijn and Chris Gastmans
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:13
  8. Decisions about limitations of life sustaining treatments (LST) are made for end-of-life patients in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this research was to explore the professional and ethical attitudes ...

    Authors: Diana Špoljar, Marinko Vučić, Jasminka Peršec, Vlasta Merc, Tatjana Kereš, Radovan Radonić, Zdravka Poljaković, Višnja Nesek Adam, Nenad Karanović, Krešimir Čaljkušić, Željko Župan, Igor Grubješić, Jasminka Kopić, Srđan Vranković, Renata Krobot, Bojana Nevajdić…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:12
  9. The expectation of pandemic-induced severe resource shortages has prompted authorities to draft and update frameworks to guide clinical decision-making and patient triage. While these documents differ in scope...

    Authors: Jane Zhu, Connor T. A. Brenna, Liam G. McCoy, Chloë G. K. Atkins and Sunit Das
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:11
  10. As moral case deliberations (MCDs) have increasingly been implemented in health care institutions as a form of ethics support, it is relevant to know whether and how MCDs actually contribute to positive change...

    Authors: J. C. de Snoo-Trimp, J. L. P. van Gurp and A. C. Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:10
  11. The need for an ethical debate about the use of coercion in intensive care units (ICU) may not be as obvious as in other areas of medicine, such as psychiatry. Coercive measures are often necessary to treat cr...

    Authors: Susanne Jöbges, Corine Mouton Dorey, Rouven Porz, Bara Ricou and Nicola Biller-Andorno
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:9
  12. With the enactment of Bill C-7 in Canada in March 2021, people who are eligible for medical assistance in dying (MAiD), whose death is reasonably foreseeable and are at risk of losing decision-making capacity,...

    Authors: Caroline Variath, Elizabeth Peter, Lisa Cranley and Dianne Godkin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:8
  13. The emergence of ethical concerns surrounding artificial intelligence (AI) has led to an explosion of high-level ethical principles being published by a wide range of public and private organizations. However,...

    Authors: Stuart McLennan, Amelia Fiske, Daniel Tigard, Ruth Müller, Sami Haddadin and Alena Buyx
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:6
  14. As a consequence of precision medicine initiatives, genomic technologies have rapidly spread around the world, raising questions about genetic privacy and the ethics of data sharing. Previous scholarship in bi...

    Authors: Ross Cheung, Shreshtha Jolly, Manoj Vimal, Hie Lim Kim and Ian McGonigle
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:5
  15. There have been notable investments in large multi-partner research programmes across the agriculture-nutrition-health (ANH) nexus. These studies often involve human participants and commonly require research ...

    Authors: Limbanazo Matandika, Kate Millar, Eric Umar, Edward Joy and Joseph Mfutso-Bengo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:3
  16. One of the next frontiers in HIV research is focused on finding a cure. A new priority includes people with HIV (PWH) with non-AIDS terminal illnesses who are willing to donate their bodies at the end-of-life ...

    Authors: John Kanazawa, Sara Gianella, Susanna Concha-Garcia, Jeff Taylor, Andy Kaytes, Christopher Christensen, Hursch Patel, Samuel Ndukwe, Stephen A. Rawlings, Steven Hendrickx, Susan Little, Brandon Brown, Davey Smith and Karine Dubé
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:2
  17. Community Advisory Boards (CAB) have become essential organs of involving communities in HIV clinical trials especially in developing countries. However, limited empirical evidence exists on the role of CABs i...

    Authors: Godwin Pancras, Bruno F. Sunguya, Nathanael Sirili, Emmanuel Balandya, Eligius Lyamuya and Blandina T. Mmbaga
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:1
  18. We aim to further develop an index for detecting disguised paternalism, which might influence physicians’ evaluations of whether or not a patient is decision-competent at the end of life. Disguised paternalism...

    Authors: Niels Lynøe, Ingemar Engström and Niklas Juth
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:170
  19. HIV remission clinical researchers are increasingly seeking study participants who are diagnosed and treated during acute HIV infection—the brief period between infection and the point when the body creates de...

    Authors: Adam Gilbertson, Joseph D. Tucker, Karine Dubé, Maartje Dijkstra and Stuart Rennie
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:169
  20. Whether and how to disclose genomic findings obtained in the course of genomic clinical practice and medical research has been a controversial global bioethical issue over the past two decades. Although severa...

    Authors: Kenji Matsui, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Shimon Tashiro and Tomohide Ibuki
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:168
  21. Socio-cultural perceptions surrounding death have profoundly changed since the 1950s with development of modern intensive care and progress in solid organ transplantation. Despite broad support for organ trans...

    Authors: George Skowronski, Anil Ramnani, Dianne Walton-Sonda, Cynthia Forlini, Michael J. O’Leary, Lisa O’Reilly, Linda Sheahan, Cameron Stewart and Ian Kerridge
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:167
  22. Ethiopia’s 2005 abortion law improved access to legal abortion. In this study we examine the experiences of abortion providers with the revised abortion law, including how they view and resolve perceived moral...

    Authors: Demelash Bezabih Ewnetu, Viva Combs Thorsen, Jan Helge Solbakk and Morten Magelssen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:166
  23. Community engagement is a key component in health research. One of the ways health researchers ensure community engagement is through Community Advisory Boards (CABs). The capacity of CABs to properly perform ...

    Authors: Levicatus Mugenyi, Andrew Mijumbi, Mastula Nanfuka, Collins Agaba, Fedress Kaliba, Irene Seryazi Semakula, Winfred Badanga Nazziwa and Joseph Ochieng
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:165
  24. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has highlighted once more the great need for comprehensive access to, and uncomplicated use of, pre-existing patient data for medical research. Enabling secondary research-use of patien...

    Authors: Gesine Richter, Christoph Borzikowsky, Bimba Franziska Hoyer, Matthias Laudes and Michael Krawczak
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:164
  25. Euthanasia is a topic of intense ethical debate and it is illegal in most countries at present, including Sri Lanka. The aim of this descriptive cross-sectional study of medical students and practicing doctors...

    Authors: H. M. M. T. B. Herath, K. W. S. M. Wijayawardhana, U. I. Wickramarachchi and Chaturaka Rodrigo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:162
  26. Ethics consultation is recognized as an opportunity to share responsibility for difficult decisions in prenatal medicine, where moral intuitions are often unable to lead to a settled decision. It remains uncle...

    Authors: Dagmar Schmitz and Angus Clarke
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:161
  27. The participant recruitment process is a key ethical pivot point when conducting robust research. There is a need to continuously review and improve recruitment processes in research trials and to build fair a...

    Authors: Limbanazo Matandika, Kate Millar, Eric Umar, Edward Joy, Gabriella Chiutsi-Phiri and Joseph Mfutso-Bengo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:160
  28. Ethical decision-making of nurses could affect patients’ recovery and also decrease medical costs. To make ethical decisions, ICU nurses experience complicated ethical conflicts. Considering the multi-dimensio...

    Authors: Neda Asadi, Zahra Royani, Mahbubeh Maazallahi and Fatemeh Salmani
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:159
  29. General practitioners often act as gatekeeper, authorizing patients’ access to hospital care. This gatekeeping role became even more important during the current COVID-19 crisis as uncertainties regarding COVI...

    Authors: Dieke Westerduin, Janneke Dujardin, Jaap Schuurmans, Yvonne Engels and Anne B. Wichmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:158
  30. Undocumented migrants experience multiple institutional and legal barriers when trying to access healthcare services. Due to such limitations, healthcare workers often experience ethical dilemmas when caring f...

    Authors: Dirk Lafaut
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:157
  31. Genetic/genomic testing (GGT) are useful tools for improving health and preventing diseases. Still, since GGT deals with sensitive personal information that could significantly impact a patient’s life or that ...

    Authors: Tania Ascencio-Carbajal, Garbiñe Saruwatari-Zavala, Fernando Navarro-Garcia and Eugenio Frixione
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:156
  32. With advances in sequencing technologies, increasing numbers of people are being informed about a genetic disease identified in their family. In current practice, probands (the first person in a family in whom...

    Authors: Lieke M. van den Heuvel, Els L. M. Maeckelberghe, M. Corrette Ploem and Imke Christiaans
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:155
  33. The return of genetics and genomics research results has been a subject of ongoing global debate. Such feedback is ethically desirable to update participants on research findings particularly those deemed clin...

    Authors: Joseph Ochieng, Betty Kwagala, John Barugahare, Erisa Mwaka, Deborah Ekusai-Sebatta, Joseph Ali and Nelson K. Sewankambo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:154
  34. French military doctors are currently deployed in the Sahel to support the armed forces of Operation Barkhane, in medical or surgical units. As well as supporting French soldiers, their other missions are dive...

    Authors: Antoine Lamblin, Clément Derkenne, Marion Trousselard and Marie-Ange Einaudi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:153
  35. Biobanks are considered primary means+ of supporting contemporary research, in order to deliver personalized and precise diagnostics with public acceptance and participation as a cornerstone for their success.

    Authors: Faisal Khatib, Dayana Jibrin, Joud Al-Majali, Mira Elhussieni, Sharifeh Almasaid and Mamoun Ahram
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:152
  36. Moral distress has been described as an emotionally draining condition caused by being prevented from providing care according to one’s convictions. Studies have described the impact of moral distress on healt...

    Authors: Catarina Fischer-Grönlund and Margareta Brännström
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:151
  37. The legal and ethical guidelines of psychological professional associations stipulate that informed consent by patients is an essential prerequisite for psychotherapy. Despite this awareness of the importance ...

    Authors: Klara Eberle, Martin grosse Holtforth, Marc Inderbinen, Jens Gaab, Yvonne Nestoriuc and Manuel Trachsel
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:150
  38. Dealing with end of life is challenging for patients and health professionals alike. The situation becomes even more challenging when a patient requests a legally permitted medical service that a health profes...

    Authors: Casey Michelle Haining and Louise Anne Keogh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:149
  39. Research has been an essential part of the COVID-19 pandemic response, including in Latin American (LA) countries. However, implementing research in emergency settings poses the challenge of producing valuable...

    Authors: Ana Palmero, Sarah Carracedo, Noelia Cabrera and Alahí Bianchini
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:147
  40. Health care professionals have to judge the appropriateness of treatment in critical care on a daily basis. There is general consensus that critical care interventions should not be performed when they are ina...

    Authors: M. Zink, A. Horvath and V. Stadlbauer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:146
  41. In the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) cohort, participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, heart, and abdomen, that generated incidental findings (IFs). The app...

    Authors: Judy M. Luu, Anand K. Sergeant, Sonia S. Anand, Dipika Desai, Karleen Schulze, Bartha M. Knoppers, Ma’n H. Zawati, Eric E. Smith, Alan R. Moody, Sandra E. Black, Eric Larose, Francois Marcotte, Erika Kleiderman, Jean-Claude Tardif, Douglas S. Lee and Matthias G. Friedrich
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:145
  42. The COVID-19 pandemic called for a new ethical climate in the designated hospitals and imposed challenges on care quality for anti-pandemic nurses. Less was known about whether hospital ethical climate and nur...

    Authors: Wenjing Jiang, Xing’e Zhao, Jia Jiang, Huilin Zhang, Shujuan Sun and Xianhong Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:144
  43. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the health system worldwide. The organ and tissue donation and transplantation (OTDT) system is no exception and has had to face ethical challenges related...

    Authors: Ban Ibrahim, Rosanne Dawson, Jennifer A. Chandler, Aviva Goldberg, David Hartell, Laura Hornby, Christy Simpson, Matthew-John Weiss, Lindsay C. Wilson, T. Murray Wilson and Marie-Chantal Fortin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:142
  44. Palliative sedation and analgesia are employed in patients with refractory and intractable symptoms at the end of life to reduce their suffering by lowering their level of consciousness. The doctrine of double...

    Authors: Hannah Faris, Brian Dewar, Claire Dyason, David G. Dick, Ainsley Matthewson, Susan Lamb and Michel C. F. Shamy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:141

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