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  1. Research involving minors has been the subject of much ethical debate. The growing number of longitudinal, pediatric studies that involve genetic research present even more complex challenges to ensure appropr...

    Authors: Nola M Ries, Jane LeGrandeur and Timothy Caulfield
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2010 11:4
  2. Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce...

    Authors: Nicole Mamotte, Douglas Wassenaar, Jennifer Koen and Zaynab Essack
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2010 11:3
  3. The attitudes of patients' to consent have changed over the years, but there has been little systematic study of the attitudes of anaesthetists and surgeons in this process. We aimed to describe observations m...

    Authors: AAB Jamjoom, S White, SM Walton, JG Hardman and IK Moppett
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2010 11:2
  4. Intensive care physicians often must rely on substitute decision makers to address all dimensions of the construct of "best interest" for incapable, critically ill patients. This task involves identifying prio...

    Authors: Mohana Ratnapalan, Andrew B Cooper, Damon C Scales and Ruxandra Pinto
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2010 11:1
  5. An important principle underlying the Dutch Euthanasia Act is physicians' responsibility to alleviate patients' suffering. The Dutch Act states that euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are not punishable...

    Authors: Hilde Buiting, Johannes van Delden, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philpsen, Judith Rietjens, Mette Rurup, Donald van Tol, Joseph Gevers, Paul van der Maas and Agnes van der Heide
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:18
  6. HIV prevention research in resource-limited countries is associated with a variety of ethical dilemmas. Key amongst these is the question of what constitutes an appropriate standard of health care (SoC) for pa...

    Authors: Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Shelley Lees, Katherine Shapiro, Joseph Masanja, Lawi Nikolau, Johari Kazimoto, Selephina Soteli, Claire Moffat, John Changalucha, Sheena McCormack and Richard J Hayes
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:17
  7. Assessment of capacity to consent to treatment is an important legal and ethical issue in daily medical practice. In this study we carefully evaluated the capacity to consent to treatment in patients admitted ...

    Authors: Sylfa Fassassi, Yanik Bianchi, Friedrich Stiefel and Gérard Waeber
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:15
  8. The consent process for a genetic study is challenging when the research is conducted in a group stigmatized because of beliefs that the disease is familial. Podoconiosis, also known as 'mossy foot', is an exa...

    Authors: Fasil Tekola, Susan Bull, Bobbie Farsides, Melanie J Newport, Adebowale Adeyemo, Charles N Rotimi and Gail Davey
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:13
  9. Stigma refers to a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous. Little is known about the opinion of those who have more or less s...

    Authors: Donald J Willison, Valerie Steeves, Cathy Charles, Lisa Schwartz, Jennifer Ranford, Gina Agarwal, Ji Cheng and Lehana Thabane
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:10
  10. There is substantial evidence that methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin), is being used by healthy university students for non-medical motives such as the improvement of concentration, alertness, and academic perform...

    Authors: Cynthia Forlini and Eric Racine
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:9
  11. With a growing number of genetic tests becoming available to the health and consumer markets, genetic health care providers in Canada are faced with the challenge of developing robust decision rules or guideli...

    Authors: Alethea Adair, Robyn Hyde-Lay, Edna Einsiedel and Timothy Caulfield
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:6
  12. To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation in a selected adult population in Pakistan.

    Authors: Taimur Saleem, Sidra Ishaque, Nida Habib, Syedda Saadia Hussain, Areeba Jawed, Aamir Ali Khan, Muhammad Imran Ahmad, Mian Omer Iftikhar, Hamza Pervez Mughal and Imtiaz Jehan
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:5
  13. The Italian Twin Registry (ITR) has been carrying out several genetic-epidemiological studies. Collection and storage of biological material from study participants has recently increased in the light of bioba...

    Authors: Virgilia Toccaceli, Corrado Fagnani, Lorenza Nisticò, Cristina D'Ippolito, Lorenzo Giannantonio, Sonia Brescianini and Maria Antonietta Stazi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2009 10:4
  14. Genetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding...

    Authors: Mehran Karimi, Mohammadmehdi Bonyadi, Mohhamad reza Galehdari and Soheila Zareifar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:19
  15. The role of consent for research use of health information is contentious. Most discussion has focused on when project-specific consent may be waived but, recently, a broader range of consent options has been ...

    Authors: Donald J Willison, Marilyn Swinton, Lisa Schwartz, Julia Abelson, Cathy Charles, David Northrup, Ji Cheng and Lehana Thabane
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:18
  16. The amount of research utilizing health information has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Many institutions have extensive biobank holdings collected over a number of years for clinical and teach...

    Authors: Elaine Gibson, Kevin Brazil, Michael D Coughlin, Claudia Emerson, Francois Fournier, Lisa Schwartz, Karen V Szala-Meneok, Karen M Weisbaum and Donald J Willison
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:17
  17. The principles of informed consent, confidentiality and privacy are often neglected during patient care in developing countries. We assessed the degree to which doctors in Lahore adhere to these principles dur...

    Authors: Ayesha Humayun, Noor Fatima, Shahid Naqqash, Salwa Hussain, Almas Rasheed, Huma Imtiaz and Sardar Zakariya Imam
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:14
  18. Errors have been the concern of providers and consumers of health care services. However, consumers' perception of medical errors in developing countries is rarely explored. The aim of this study is to assess ...

    Authors: Ahmed S Al-Mandhari, Mohammed A Al-Shafaee, Mohammed H Al-Azri, Ibrahim S Al-Zakwani, Mushtaq Khan, Ahmed M Al-Waily and Syed Rizvi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:13
  19. The individual informed consent model remains critical to the ethical conduct and regulation of research involving human beings. Parental informed consent process in a rural setting of northern Ghana was studi...

    Authors: Abraham R Oduro, Raymond A Aborigo, Dickson Amugsi, Francis Anto, Thomas Anyorigiya, Frank Atuguba, Abraham Hodgson and Kwadwo A Koram
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:12
  20. In this article, we use the principlist approach to identify, analyse and attempt to solve the ethical problem raised by a pregnant woman's request for cesarean delivery in absence of medical indications.

    Authors: Tore Nilstun, Marwan Habiba, Göran Lingman, Rodolfo Saracci, Monica Da Frè and Marina Cuttini
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:11
  21. Approval of the research proposal by an ethical review committee from both sponsoring and host countries is a generally agreed requirement in externally sponsored research.

    Authors: Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana, Suwin Hewage, Manura Lekamwattage, Manjula Athukorale, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Joanna Murray and Martin Prince
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:10
  22. In emergency research, obtaining informed consent can be problematic. Research to develop and improve treatments for patients admitted to hospital with life-threatening and debilitating conditions is much need...

    Authors: Jan Lecouturier, Helen Rodgers, Gary A Ford, Tim Rapley, Lynne Stobbart, Stephen J Louw and Madeleine J Murtagh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:9
  23. The organ donor shortfall in the UK has prompted calls to introduce legislation to allow for presumed consent: if there is no explicit objection to donation of an organ, consent should be presumed. The current...

    Authors: Barbara K Pierscionek
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:8
  24. Contradictory evidence exists about the emotional burden of participating in qualitative research for palliative care patients and carers and this raises questions about whether this type of research is ethica...

    Authors: Marjolein Gysels, Cathy Shipman and Irene J Higginson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:7
  25. Countries are increasingly devoting significant resources to creating or strengthening research ethics committees, but there has been insufficient attention to assessing whether these committees are actually i...

    Authors: Carl H Coleman and Marie-Charlotte Bouësseau
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:6
  26. This article presents results from a qualitative empirical investigation of how Danish oncology physicians and Danish molecular biologists experience the principle of respect for autonomy in their daily work.

    Authors: Mette Ebbesen and Birthe D Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:5
  27. Research ethicists have recently declared a new ethical imperative: that researchers should communicate the results of research to participants. For some analysts, the obligation is restricted to the communica...

    Authors: Fiona A Miller, Mita Giacomini, Catherine Ahern, Jason S Robert and Sonya de Laat
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:4
  28. International guidelines on research have focused on protecting research participants. Ethical Research Committee (ERC) approval and informed consent are the cornerstones. Externally sponsored research require...

    Authors: Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana, Suwin Hewege, Manura Lekamwattage, Manjula Athukorale, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Joanna Murray and Martin Prince
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:3
  29. Few comparative studies of clinical ethics consultation practices have been reported. The objective of this study was to explore how American and Japanese experts analyze an Alzheimer's case regarding ethics c...

    Authors: Noriko Nagao, Mark P Aulisio, Yoshio Nukaga, Misao Fujita, Shinji Kosugi, Stuart Youngner and Akira Akabayashi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2008 9:2
  30. Health research is increasingly being conducted on a global scale, particularly in the developing world to address leading causes of morbidity and mortality. While research interest has increased, building sci...

    Authors: Ross EG Upshur, James V Lavery and Paulina O Tindana
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:11
  31. Medical research must involve the participation of human subjects. Knowledge of patients' perspectives and concerns with their involvement in research would enhance recruitment efforts, improve the informed co...

    Authors: Susan S Khalil, Henry J Silverman, May Raafat, Samer El-Kamary and Maged El-Setouhy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:9
  32. Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and ...

    Authors: Akira Akabayashi, Brian T Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai and Hajime Sato
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8
  33. Evidence concerning how Japanese physicians think and behave in specific clinical situations that involve withholding or withdrawal of medical interventions for end-of-life or frail elderly patients is yet ins...

    Authors: Seiji Bito and Atsushi Asai
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:7
  34. Time and communication are important aspects of the medical consultation. Physician behavior in real-life pediatric consultations in relation to ethical practice, such as informed consent (provision of informa...

    Authors: Mats G Hansson, Ulrik Kihlbom, Torsten Tuvemo, Leif A Olsen and Alina Rodriguez
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:6
  35. South Africa is likely to be the first country in the world to host an adolescent HIV vaccine trial. Adolescents may be enrolled in late 2007. In the development and review of adolescent HIV vaccine trial prot...

    Authors: Catherine Slack, Ann Strode, Theodore Fleischer, Glenda Gray and Chitra Ranchod
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:5

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