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  1. Historically, epidemics have been accompanied by the concurrent emergence of stigma, prejudice, and xenophobia. This scoping review aimed to describe and map published research targeting ethical values concern...

    Authors: Fatma Badr El Dine, Assem Gebreal, Dalia Samhouri, Haimanot Estifanos, Islam Kourampi, Hasnaa Abdelrhem, Hamed Abdelma’aboud Mostafa, Ahmed Gamal Elshaar, Tarun Kumar Suvvari and Ramy Mohamed Ghazy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:79
  2. Artificial intelligence (AI) has revolutionized various healthcare domains, where AI algorithms sometimes even outperform human specialists. However, the field of clinical ethics has remained largely untouched...

    Authors: Lasse Benzinger, Jelena Epping, Frank Ursin and Sabine Salloch
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:78
  3. Medical research in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased recently, raising ethical concerns about the moral status of CAM. Medical academic journals are responsible for conducting ethical...

    Authors: Chenyu Ren, Yixuan Li, Peipei Du, Xuebin Zhang, Wanjun Xue and Chi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:77
  4. Childhood cancers affect about 350 children every year in Sweden and are life-threatening diseases. During the treatment period, situations arise that can become morally challenging for the child. When knowing...

    Authors: Charlotte Weiner, Pernilla Pergert, Anders Castor, Bert Molewijk and Cecilia Bartholdson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:75
  5. In an effort to improve the quality of medical care, the philosophy of patient-centered care has become integrated into almost every aspect of the medical community. Despite its widespread acceptance, among pa...

    Authors: Kaila Witkowski, Ratna Okhai and Stephen R. Neely
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:74
  6. Studies from different countries report a stagnation or regression of moral competence in medical students between the first and the last year of their studies, and the value of various educational interventio...

    Authors: Martin Zielina, Jaromír Škoda, Kateřina Ivanová, Daniel Dostál, Lubica Juríčková, David Anthony Procházka, Barbora Straka and Adam Doležal
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:73
  7. While the number of emergency patients worldwide continues to increase, emergency doctors often face moral distress. It hampers the overall efficiency of the emergency department, even leading to a reduction i...

    Authors: Jiajun Liu, Fengling Dai, Qitai Song, Jian Sun and Yao Liu
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:72
  8. Hip fracture repair surgery carries a certain mortality risk, yet evidence suggests that orthopedic surgeons often refrain from discussing this issue with patients prior to surgery.

    Authors: Rawan Masarwa, Merav Ben Natan and Yaron Berkovich
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:71
  9. The nursing profession considers conscience as the foundation and cornerstone of clinical practice, which significantly influences professional decision-making and elevates the level of patient care. However, ...

    Authors: Soheyla Kalantari, Mahnaz Modanloo, Abbas Ebadi and Homeira Khoddam
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:70
  10. In 2021, Spain became the first Southern European country to grant and provide the right to euthanasia and medically assisted suicide. According to the law, the State has the obligation to ensure its access th...

    Authors: Iris Parra Jounou, Rosana Triviño-Caballero and Maite Cruz-Piqueras
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:69
  11. Q-CEP (Qualificação dos Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa que compõem o Sistema CEP/Conep) is a nationwide project resulting from a partnership between the Brazilian National Research Ethics Commission (Conep), the Mi...

    Authors: Daniel Ribeiro Paes de Castro, Camilo Hernan Manchola Castillo, João Paulo Dias Ferreira, João Paulo Alves Oliveira, Tassila Fernandes Kirsten, Paulo Henrique Condeixa de França, Lisiane Silveira Zavalhia, Regina Kuhmmer Notti, Renata Kochhann and Sérgio Luís Amantéa
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:68
  12. Genetic research can yield information that is unrelated to the study’s objectives but may be of clinical or personal interest to study participants. There is an emerging but controversial responsibility to re...

    Authors: Faith Musvipwa, Ambroise Wonkam, Benjamin Berkman and Jantina de Vries
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:67
  13. At the beginning of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, many non-Covid healthcare services were suspended. In April 2020, the Department of Health in England mandated that non-Covid services should resume, al...

    Authors: Caroline A. B. Redhead, Lucy Frith, Anna Chiumento, Sara Fovargue and Heather Draper
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:66
  14. Researchers are required to determine whether a person has capacity to consent to a research study before they are able to participate. The Mental Capacity Act and accompanying Code of Practice for England and...

    Authors: Sarah Griffiths, Victoria Shepherd and Anna Volkmer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:65
  15. The COVID-19 pandemic forced governments, multilateral public health organisations and research institutions to undertake research quickly to inform their responses to the pandemic. Most COVID-19-related studi...

    Authors: Kingsley Orievulu, Alex Hinga, Busisiwe Nkosi, Nothando Ngwenya, Janet Seeley, Anthony Akanlu, Paulina Tindana, Sassy Molyneux, Samson Kinyanjui and Dorcas Kamuya
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:63
  16. Respect for human rights and bioethical principles in prisons is a crucial aspect of society and is proportional to the well-being of the general population. To date, these ethical principles have been lacking...

    Authors: Massimiliano Esposito, Konrad Szocik, Emanuele Capasso, Mario Chisari, Francesco Sessa and Monica Salerno
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:62
  17. Certain organoid subtypes are particularly sensitive. We explore whether moral intuitions about the heartbeat warrant unique moral consideration for newly advanced contracting cardiac organoids. Despite the he...

    Authors: Jannieke N Simons, Rieke van der Graaf and Johannes JM van Delden
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:61
  18. Previous research has explored euthanasia’s ethical dimensions, primarily focusing on general practice and, to a lesser extent, psychiatry, mainly from the viewpoints of physicians and nurses. However, a gap e...

    Authors: Monica Verhofstadt, Loïc Moureau, Koen Pardon and Axel Liégeois
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:60
  19. The Patient Right to Autonomy Act (PRAA), implemented in Taiwan in 2019, enables the creation of advance decisions (AD) through advance care planning (ACP). This legal framework allows for the withholding and ...

    Authors: Yi-Ling Wu, Tsai-Wen Lin, Chun-Yi Yang, Samuel Shih-Chih Wang and Sheng-Jean Huang
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:59
  20. Ethical challenges constitute an inseparable part of daily decision-making processes in all areas of healthcare. Ethical challenges are associated with moral distress that can lead to burnout. Clinical ethics ...

    Authors: Henriette Bruun, Louise Milling, Daniel Wittrock, Søren Mikkelsen and Lotte Huniche
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:58
  21. The involvement of pregnant women in vaccine clinical trials presents unique challenges for the informed consent process. We explored the expectations and experiences of the pregnant women, spouses/partners, h...

    Authors: Agnes Ssali, Rita Namugumya, Phiona Nalubega, Mary Kyohere, Janet Seeley and Kirsty Le Doare
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:57
  22. A morally sound framework for benefit-sharing is crucial to minimize research exploitation for research conducted in developing countries. However, in practice, it remains uncertain which stakeholders should b...

    Authors: Godwin Pancras, Mangi Ezekiel, Erasto Mbugi and Jon F. Merz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:54
  23. Data access committees (DAC) gatekeep access to secured genomic and related health datasets yet are challenged to keep pace with the rising volume and complexity of data generation. Automated decision support ...

    Authors: Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Jinyoung Baek, Jonathan Lawson and Edward S. Dove
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:51
  24. Assisted death, including euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS), is under debate worldwide, and these practices are adopted in many Western countries. Physicians’ attitudes toward assisted death vary...

    Authors: Reetta P. Piili, Minna Hökkä, Jukka Vänskä, Elina Tolvanen, Pekka Louhiala and Juho T. Lehto
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:50
  25. Confidentiality is one of the central preconditions for clinical ethics support (CES). CES cases which generate moral questions for CES staff concerning (breaching) confidentiality of what has been discussed d...

    Authors: Wieke Ligtenberg, Margreet Stolper and Bert Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:49
  26. In this study, we examined the ethical implications of Egypt’s new clinical trial law, employing the ethical framework proposed by Emanuel et al. and comparing it to various national and supranational laws. Th...

    Authors: Sylvia Martin, Mirko Ancillotti, Santa Slokenberga and Amal Matar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:48
  27. In May 2020, England moved to an opt-out organ donation system, meaning adults are presumed to be an organ donor unless within an excluded group or have opted-out. This change aims to improve organ donation ra...

    Authors: Natalie L. Clark, Dorothy Coe, Natasha Newell, Mark N. A. Jones, Matthew Robb, David Reaich and Caroline Wroe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:47
  28. The ethical governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care and public health continues to be an urgent issue for attention in policy, research, and practice. In this paper we report on central theme...

    Authors: James Shaw, Joseph Ali, Caesar A. Atuire, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Armando Guio Español, Judy Wawira Gichoya, Adrienne Hunt, Daudi Jjingo, Katherine Littler, Daniela Paolotti and Effy Vayena
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:46
  29. Despite decades of anti-racism and equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) interventions in academic medicine, medical racism continues to harm patients and healthcare providers. We sought to deeply explore exp...

    Authors: Pamela Roach, Shannon M. Ruzycki, Kirstie C. Lithgow, Chanda R. McFadden, Adrian Chikwanha, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc and Cheryl Barnabe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:45
  30. The often poor prognosis associated with cancer necessitates empowering patients to express their care preferences. Yet, the prevalence of Advance Directives (AD) among oncology patients remains low. This stud...

    Authors: Amélie Cambriel, Kevin Serey, Adrien Pollina-Bachellerie, Mathilde Cancel, Morgan Michalet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Carole Bouleuc, Jean-Pierre Lotz and Francois Philippart
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:44
  31. Relatives have no formal position in the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) according to Dutch legislation. However, research shows that physicians often involve relatives in EAS decis...

    Authors: Sophie C. Renckens, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Agnes van der Heide and H. Roeline Pasman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:43
  32. The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine has prompted the development of numerous ethical guidelines, while the involvement of patients in the creation of these documents lags behind. As part ...

    Authors: Menno T. Maris, Ayca Koçar, Dick L. Willems, Jeannette Pols, Hanno L. Tan, Georg L. Lindinger and Marieke A.R. Bak
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:53

  33. Moral distress (MD) is the psychological damage caused when people are forced to witness or carry out actions which go against their fundamental moral values. The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence ...

    Authors: Eloy Girela-Lopez, Cristina M. Beltran-Aroca, Jaime Boceta-Osuna, Dolores Aguilera-Lopez, Alejandro Gomez-Carranza, Manuel Lopez-Valero and Manuel Romero-Saldaña
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:41
  34. Respect is essential to providing high quality healthcare, particularly for groups that are historically marginalized and stigmatized. While ethical principles taught to health professionals focus on patient a...

    Authors: Sofia B. Fernandez, Alya Ahmad, Mary Catherine Beach, Melissa K. Ward, Michele Jean-Gilles, Gladys Ibañez, Robert Ladner and Mary Jo Trepka
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:39
  35. Drug exceptional access programs (DEAPs) exist across Canada to address gaps in access to pharmaceuticals. These programs circumvent standard procedures, raising epistemic, economic, social and political issue...

    Authors: Pierre-Marie David, Kayley Laura Lata, Marie-Eve Bouthillier and Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:37
  36. Despite clinical evidence of drug superiority, therapeutic modalities, like combination immunotherapy, are mostly considered cost-ineffective due to their high costs per life year(s) gained. This paper, taking...

    Authors: Hamideh Mahdiani, Nikolai Münch and Norbert W. Paul
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:35
  37. Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), which can screen for aneuploidies such as trisomy 21, is being implemented in several public healthcare systems across Europe. Comprehensive communication and information ...

    Authors: Hilary Bowman-Smart, Adeline Perrot and Ruth Horn
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:34
  38. In Morocco, medical research ethics training was integrated into the medical curriculum during the 2015 reform. In the same year, a law on medical research ethics was enacted to protect individuals participati...

    Authors: Ibtissam El Harch, Soumaya Benmaamar, Nabil Tachfouti, Moustapha Hida, Mohammed Faouzi Belahsen, Tarik Sqalli Houssaini and Karima El Rhazi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:33
  39. Studying global health problems requires international multidisciplinary teams. Such multidisciplinarity and multiculturalism create challenges in adhering to a set of ethical principles across different count...

    Authors: Natalia V. Lewis, Beatriz Kalichman, Yuri Nishijima Azeredo, Loraine J. Bacchus and Ana Flavia d’Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:32
  40. The prioritization protocols for accessing adult critical care in the extreme pandemic context contain tiebreaker criteria to facilitate decision-making in the allocation of resources between patients with a s...

    Authors: Claudia Calderon Ramirez, Yanick Farmer, Andrea Frolic, Gina Bravo, Nathalie Orr Gaucher, Antoine Payot, Lucie Opatrny, Diane Poirier, Joseph Dahine, Audrey L’Espérance, James Downar, Peter Tanuseputro, Louis-Martin Rousseau, Vincent Dumez, Annie Descôteaux, Clara Dallaire…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:31
  41. The field of bioethics examines the moral and ethical dilemmas that arise in the biological sciences, healthcare, and medical practices. There has been a rise in medical negligence cases, complaints against he...

    Authors: Poovishnu Devi Thangavelu, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Renuka Pawar, Pravin H. Shingare, Suresh Bhosale, Russel D Souza, Ivone Duarte and Rui Nunes
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:30

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