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  1. Little is known about the ethical situations which physiotherapists encounter internationally. This lack of knowledge impedes the ability of the profession to prepare and support physiotherapists in all world ...

    Authors: Caroline Fryer, Andrea Sturm, Roswith Roth and Ian Edwards
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:97
  2. In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, the biomedical research community’s attempt to focus the attention on fighting COVID-19, led to several challenges within the field of research ethics. However, we know ...

    Authors: Alice Faust, Anna Sierawska, Katharina Krüger, Anne Wisgalla, Joerg Hasford and Daniel Strech
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:96
  3. Informed consent forms for clinical research are several and variable at international, national and local levels. According to the literature, they are often unclear and poorly understood by participants. Wit...

    Authors: Cinzia Colombo, Michaela Th. Mayrhofer, Christine Kubiak, Serena Battaglia, Mihaela Matei, Marialuisa Lavitrano, Sara Casati, Victoria Chico, Irene Schluender, Tamara Carapina and Paola Mosconi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:95
  4. The EU’s 2006 Paediatric Regulation aims to support authorisation of medicine for children, thus effectively increasing paediatric research. It is ethically imperative to simultaneously establish procedures th...

    Authors: Jana Reetz, Gesine Richter, Christoph Borzikowsky, Christine Glinicke, Stephanie Darabaneanu and Alena Buyx
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:93
  5. Operation room (OR) planning is a complex process, especially in large hospitals with high rates of unplanned emergency procedures. Postponing elective surgery in order to provide capacity for emergency operat...

    Authors: Julia Becker, Gerald Huschak, Hannes-Caspar Petzold, Volker Thieme, Sebastian Stehr and Sven Bercker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:90
  6. Solitary death (kodokushi) has recently become recognized as a social issue in Japan. The social isolation of older people leads to death without dignity. With the outbreak of COVID-19, efforts to eliminate solit...

    Authors: Eisuke Nakazawa, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Alex John London and Akira Akabayashi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:89
  7. Media have increasingly reported on the difficulties associated with end-of-life decision-making in patients with Disorders of Consciousness (DOC), contextualizing such dilemma in detailed accounts of the pati...

    Authors: Mario Picozzi, Lino Panzeri, Davide Torri and Davide Sattin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:88
  8. The last few decades have seen the rising global acknowledgment of the importance of ethics in the conduct of health research. But research ethics committees or institutional review boards (IRBs) have also bee...

    Authors: Gideon Lasco, Vincen Gregory Yu and Lia Palileo-Villanueva
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:85
  9. The pursuit of a cure for HIV is a high priority for researchers, funding agencies, governments and people living with HIV (PLWH). To date, over 250 biomedical studies worldwide are or have been related to dis...

    Authors: Karine Dubé, John Kanazawa, Jeff Taylor, Lynda Dee, Nora Jones, Christopher Roebuck, Laurie Sylla, Michael Louella, Jan Kosmyna, David Kelly, Orbit Clanton, David Palm, Danielle M. Campbell, Morénike Giwa Onaiwu, Hursch Patel, Samuel Ndukwe…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:83
  10. Decision-making in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest should ideally include clinical and ethical factors. Little is known about the extent of ethical considerations and their influence on prehospital resuscitatio...

    Authors: Louise Milling, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Annmarie Lassen, Helle Collatz Christensen, Dorthe Susanne Nielsen and Søren Mikkelsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:82
  11. The advent of learning healthcare systems (LHSs) raises an important implementation challenge concerning how to request and manage consent to support secondary use of data in learning cycles, particularly rese...

    Authors: Annabelle Cumyn, Adrien Barton, Roxanne Dault, Nissrine Safa, Anne-Marie Cloutier and Jean-François Ethier
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:81
  12. During the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, various professional ethical guidance was issued to (and for) health and social care professionals in England and Wales. Guidance can help to inform and support suc...

    Authors: Helen Smith, Peta Coulson-Smith, Mari-Rose Kennedy, Giles Birchley, Jonathan Ives and Richard Huxtable
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:78
  13. Engagement is important within cohort studies for a number of reasons. It is argued that engaging participants within the studies they are involved in may promote their recruitment and retention within the stu...

    Authors: Cynthia A. Ochieng, Joel T. Minion, Andrew Turner, Mwenza Blell and Madeleine J. Murtagh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:77
  14. In the initial phase of the Covid-19 pandemic, difficult decisions had to be made on the allocation of testing resources. Similar situations can arise in future pandemics. Therefore, careful consideration of w...

    Authors: Sven Ove Hansson, Gert Helgesson and Niklas Juth
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:76
  15. Implementing the routine consultation of patient advance directives in hospital emergency departments and emergency medical services has become essential, given that advance directives constitute the frame of ...

    Authors: Silvia Poveda-Moral, Pilar José-Maria de la Casa, Pere Sánchez-Valero, Núria Pomares-Quintana, Mireia Vicente-García and Anna Falcó-Pegueroles
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:75
  16. Research misconduct is a global concern in biomedical science. There are no comprehensive data regarding the perception and situation of scientific misconduct among the Iranian medical faculty members. We cond...

    Authors: Erfan Shamsoddin, Zahra Torkashvand-Khah, Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi, Leila Janani, Payam Kabiri, Ehsan Shamsi-Gooshki and Bita Mesgarpour
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:74
  17. The COVID-19 pandemic has created ethical challenges for intensive care unit (ICU) professionals, potentially causing moral distress. This study explored the levels and causes of moral distress and the ethical...

    Authors: Moniek A. Donkers, Vincent J. H. S. Gilissen, Math J. J. M. Candel, Nathalie M. van Dijk, Hans Kling, Ruth Heijnen-Panis, Elien Pragt, Iwan van der Horst, Sebastiaan A. Pronk and Walther N. K. A. van Mook
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:73
  18. The Life Extension Medical Decision law enacted on February 4, 2018 in South Korea was the first to consider the suspension of futile life-sustaining treatment, and its enactment caused a big controversy in Ko...

    Authors: Yu Jin Chung, Incheol Park, Junho Cho, Jin Ho Beom and Ji Eun Lee
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:72
  19. The highly sensitive nature of genomic and associated clinical data, coupled with the consent-related vulnerabilities of children together accentuate ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) concerning data sha...

    Authors: Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Gillian Bartlett and Bartha Maria Knoppers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:71
  20. ECMO is a particularly scarce resource during the COVID-19 pandemic. Its allocation involves ethical considerations that may be different to usual times. There is limited pre-pandemic literature on the ethical...

    Authors: Bernadine Dao, Julian Savulescu, Jacky Y. Suen, John F. Fraser and Dominic J. C. Wilkinson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:70
  21. Competent end-of-life care is an essential component of total health care provision, but evidence suggests that it is often deficient. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes about key end-of-...

    Authors: Thashi Chang, Saumya Darshani, Pavithra Manikavasagam and Carukshi Arambepola
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:66
  22. A different ethos with respect to the perception of medical ethics prevails in societies in transition such as those in the Arabian Peninsula, which makes it difficult to apply international principles of bioe...

    Authors: Ahmed S. Al-Busaidi, Anuradha Ganesh, Samir Al-Adawi, Yahya M. Al-Farsi, Maryam K. Al-Rawahi, Nusaiba A. Al-Mawali, Nadiya S. Al-Kharousi, Mohammed Al-Alawi and Abdullah S. Al-Mujaini
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:65
  23. Literature shows that middle-aged and older adults sometimes experience a wish to die. Reasons for these wishes may be complex and involve multiple factors. One important question is to what extent people with...

    Authors: Roosmarijne M. K. Kox, H. Roeline W. Pasman, Martijn Huisman, Wim Benneker and Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:64
  24. The use of genetic test results in risk-rated insurance is a significant concern internationally, with many countries banning or restricting the use of genetic test results in underwriting. In Australia, life ...

    Authors: Jane Tiller, Aideen McInerney-Leo, Andrea Belcher, Tiffany Boughtwood, Penny Gleeson, Martin Delatycki, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Ingrid Winship, Margaret Otlowski, Louise Keogh and Paul Lacaze
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:63
  25. In this article, we address questions regarding how people consider what they do or do not consent to and the reasons why. This article presents the findings of a citizen forum study conducted by the Universit...

    Authors: Minerva C. Rivas Velarde, Petros Tsantoulis, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Monica Aceti, Pierre Chappuis and Samia Hurst-Majno
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:62
  26. Research with cerebral organoids is beginning to make significant progress in understanding the etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Brain organoid models can be grown from the cells of donors with ASD....

    Authors: Andrew J. Barnhart and Kris Dierickx
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:61
  27. We examine the incidence of medical tribunal decisions and disciplinary actions (DAs) against healthcare professionals (HCPs). In addition, we studied whether an intimate relationship between an HCP and patien...

    Authors: Wim Rietdijk and Sander Renes
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:60
  28. Definition and concept of the ‘beginning of human life’ are weakened by co-existing contrasting hypotheses based on humanistic or religious beliefs rather than scientific foundations. This plethora of conceptu...

    Authors: Daniela Polese, Marcella Fagioli, Fabio Virgili and Paolo Fiori Nastro
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:57
  29. Nusinersen is one of an increasing number of new, expensive orphan drugs to receive authorization. These drugs strain public healthcare budgets and challenge principles for resource allocation. Nusinersen was ...

    Authors: Morten Magelssen, Magnhild Rasmussen, Sean Wallace and Reidun Førde
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:54
  30. Biomedical research nowadays is increasingly carried out in multinational and multicenter settings. Due to disparate national regulations on various ethical aspects, such as informed consent, there is the risk...

    Authors: Marcin Orzechowski, Katarzyna Woniak, Cristian Timmermann and Florian Steger
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:53
  31. Ethics review is the process of assessing the ethics of research involving humans. The Ethics Review Committee (ERC) is the key oversight mechanism designated to ensure ethics review. Whether or not this gover...

    Authors: Agata Ferretti, Marcello Ienca, Mark Sheehan, Alessandro Blasimme, Edward S. Dove, Bobbie Farsides, Phoebe Friesen, Jeff Kahn, Walter Karlen, Peter Kleist, S. Matthew Liao, Camille Nebeker, Gabrielle Samuel, Mahsa Shabani, Minerva Rivas Velarde and Effy Vayena
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:51
  32. The areas of Research Ethics (RE) and Research Integrity (RI) are rapidly evolving. Cases of research misconduct, other transgressions related to RE and RI, and forms of ethically questionable behaviors have b...

    Authors: Anna Catharina Vieira Armond, Bert Gordijn, Jonathan Lewis, Mohammad Hosseini, János Kristóf Bodnár, Soren Holm and Péter Kakuk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:50
  33. We describe our experience from a multi-national application of a European Union-funded research-driven paediatric trial (DEEP-2, EudraCT 2012-000353-31; NCT01825512). This paper aims to evaluate the impact of...

    Authors: Viviana Giannuzzi, Mariagrazia Felisi, Donato Bonifazi, Hugo Devlieger, George Papanikolaou, Lamis Ragab, Slaheddine Fattoum, Bianca Tempesta, Giorgio Reggiardo and Adriana Ceci
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:49

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