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  1. Human Infection Studies (HIS) have emerged as an important research approach with the potential to fast track the global development of vaccines and treatments for infectious diseases, including in low resourc...

    Authors: Primus Che Chi, Esther Awuor Owino, Irene Jao, Philip Bejon, Melissa Kapulu, Vicki Marsh and Dorcas Kamuya
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:46
  2. Commentators believe that the ethical decision-making climate is instrumental in enhancing interprofessional collaboration in intensive care units (ICUs). Our aim was twofold: (1) to determine the perception o...

    Authors: Henry Silverman, Tracey Wilson, Samuel Tisherman, Raya Kheirbek, Trishna Mukherjee, Ali Tabatabai, Karen McQuillan, Rachel Hausladen, Melissa Davis-Gilbert, Eunsung Cho, Kerri Bouchard, Samantha Dove, Julie Landon and Michele Zimmer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:45
  3. Limited research has been conducted on explanations and understandings of biobanking for future genomic research in African contexts with low literacy and limited healthcare access. We report on the findings o...

    Authors: Manono Luthuli, Nothando Ngwenya, Dumsani Gumede, Resign Gunda, Dickman Gareta, Olivier Koole, Mark J. Siedner, Emily B. Wong and Janet Seeley
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:43
  4. There is a paramount need for moral development for pharmacists and pharmacy students to practice the patient-centered profession. We aimed to explore the current situational judgment utilizing ethical reasoni...

    Authors: Fahad Saleh Alkhuzaee, Majid Ali, Khang Wen Goh, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi and Long Chiau Ming
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:42
  5. To prevent sexual boundary violations (SBV) in mental health care institutions overall governments require these institutions to report SBV incidents to a central registry and to develop institutional guidelin...

    Authors: Lara Vesentini, Kim Dewilde, Frieda Matthys, Dirk De Wachter, Hubert Van Puyenbroeck and Johan Bilsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:40
  6. HIV cure research involving cell and gene therapy has intensified in recent years. There is a growing need to identify ethical standards and safeguards to ensure cell and gene therapy (CGT) HIV cure research r...

    Authors: Karine Dubé, John Kanazawa, Hursch Patel, Michael Louella, Laurie Sylla, Jeff Sheehy, Lynda Dee, Jeff Taylor, Jen Adair, Kim Anthony-Gonda, Boro Dropulić, John A. Sauceda, Michael J. Peluso, Steven G. Deeks and Jane Simoni
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:39
  7. Research proactively and deliberately aims to bring about specific changes to how societies function and individual lives fare. However, in the ever-expanding field of ethical regulations and guidance for rese...

    Authors: Kristine Bærøe, Angeliki Kerasidou, Michael Dunn and Inger Lise Teig
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:37
  8. During the last decade, the possibility for women to cryopreserve oocytes in anticipation of age-related fertility loss, also referred to as social egg freezing, has become an established practice at fertility...

    Authors: Michiel De Proost, Gily Coene, Julie Nekkebroeck and Veerle Provoost
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:35
  9. Informed consent forms are intended to facilitate research enrollment decisions. However, the technical language in institutional templates can be unfamiliar and confusing for decision-makers. Standardized lan...

    Authors: Nyiramugisha K. Niyibizi, Candace D. Speight, Gabriel Najarro, Andrea R. Mitchell, Ofer Sadan, Yi-An Ko and Neal W. Dickert
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:34
  10. In the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, many health systems, including those in the UK, developed triage guidelines to manage severe shortages of ventilators. At present, there is an insufficient underst...

    Authors: Lok Chan, Jana Schaich Borg, Vincent Conitzer, Dominic Wilkinson, Julian Savulescu, Hazem Zohny and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:33
  11. Existing clinical ethics support (CES) instruments are considered useful. However, users report obstacles in using them in daily practice. Including end users and other stakeholders in developing CES instrumen...

    Authors: Malene Vera van Schaik, H.Roeline Pasman, Guy Widdershoven and Suzanne Metselaar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:32
  12. The development and deployment of medical devices, along with most areas of healthcare, has been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. This has had variable ethical implications, two of which we wil...

    Authors: Brette Blakely, Wendy Rogers, Jane Johnson, Quinn Grundy, Katrina Hutchison, Robyn Clay-Williams, Bernadette Richards and Guy Maddern
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:31
  13. Assessing consciousness in other subjects, particularly in non-verbal and behaviourally disabled subjects (e.g., patients with disorders of consciousness), is notoriously challenging but increasingly urgent. T...

    Authors: Michele Farisco, Cyriel Pennartz, Jitka Annen, Benedetta Cecconi and Kathinka Evers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:30
  14. Ethical problems in everyday healthcare work emerge for many reasons and constitute threats to ethical values. If these threats are not managed appropriately, there is a risk that the patient may be inflicted ...

    Authors: Henrik Andersson, Anders Svensson, Catharina Frank, Andreas Rantala, Mats Holmberg and Anders Bremer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:29
  15. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted prosocial behavior as a professional healthcare core competency. Although medical students are expected to work in the best interests of their patients, in the pandemic co...

    Authors: Yongmin Shin, Seungmin Kim, Do-Hwan Kim, Seunghee Lee, Minhae Cho and Jungjoon Ihm
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:28
  16. A fundamental ethical challenge in conducting genomics research is the question of what and how individual level genetic findings and aggregate genomic results should be conveyed to research participants and c...

    Authors: Isaac Kisiangani, Shukri F. Mohamed, Catherine Kyobutungi, Paulina Tindana, Anita Ghansah, Michele Ramsay and Gershim Asiki
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:27
  17. Respecting patients’ confidentiality is an ethical and legal responsibility for health professionals and the cornerstone of care excellence. This study aims to assess health professionals’ knowledge, attitudes...

    Authors: Masresha Derese Tegegne, Mequannent Sharew Melaku, Aynadis Worku Shimie, Degefaw Denekew Hunegnaw, Meseret Gashaw Legese, Tewabe Ambaye Ejigu, Nebyu Demeke Mengestie, Wondewossen Zemene, Tirualem Zeleke and Ashenafi Fentahun Chanie
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:26
  18. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an FDA approved treatment for major depression, migraine, obsessive compulsive disorder, and smoking addiction. TMS has gained popular media support, but media covera...

    Authors: Abigail Scheper, Cynthia Rosenfeld and Veljko Dubljević
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:25
  19. The Covid-19 pandemic caused situations where, in some hospitals, there were more patients in need of urgent treatment in intensive care units (ICU) than were available. In particular, there were not sufficien...

    Authors: Andrea Lavazza and Mirko D. Garasic
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:24
  20. Adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience challenges, including lack of involvement in their care as well nondisclosure of HIV status, which leads to poor adherence to antiretrovira...

    Authors: Renatha Sillo Joseph, Gladys Reuben Mahiti, Gasto Frumence and Connie M. Ulrich
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:22
  21. In the pandemic time, many low- and middle-income countries are experiencing restricted access to COVID-19 vaccines. Access to imported vaccines or ways to produce them locally became the principal source of h...

    Authors: Timur Aripov, Daniel Wikler, Damin Asadov, Zhangir Tulekov, Totugul Murzabekova and Kerim M. Munir
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:21
  22. The Public Health Service Increased Risk designation identified organ donors at increased risk of transmitting hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus. Despite clear data demonstrating a low...

    Authors: Yvonne M. Kelly, Arya Zarinsefat, Mehdi Tavakol, Amy M. Shui, Chiung-Yu Huang and John P. Roberts
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:20
  23. The ability of healthcare to protect sensitive personal data in medical records and registers might influence public trust, which in turn might influence willingness to allow healthcare to use such data. The a...

    Authors: Sara Belfrage, Gert Helgesson and Niels Lynøe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:19
  24. Little previous research has been conducted outside of major cities in China to examine how physicians currently perceive palliative care, and to identify specific goals for training as palliative care access ...

    Authors: Jessica Hahne, Xiaomin Wang, Rui Liu, Yuqiong Zhong, Xin Chen, Xing Liu, Kaveh Khoshnood and Xin Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:17
  25. Defensive practice occurs when physicians provide services, such as tests, treatments and referrals, mainly to reduce their perceived legal or reputational risks, rather than to advance patient care. This beha...

    Authors: Nola M. Ries, Briony Johnston and Jesse Jansen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:16
  26. Human embryonic stem cells are currently used for developing treatment against Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the use of ES cells is surrounded with moral concerns. Research regarding the public's attitude...

    Authors: Åsa Grauman and Jennifer Drevin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:15
  27. The nature of pediatric settings may encounter nurses with more complicated ethical issues. A code of ethics guides nurses to act and decide ethically as a profession. Also, there is always a need to evaluate ...

    Authors: Raziyeh Beykmirza, Lida Nikfarid, Reza Negarandeh, Naeimeh Sarkhani and Mahboube Moradi Cherati
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:14
  28. There has been no in-depth research of public attitudes on withholding or withdrawing life-prolonging treatment, euthanasia, assisted suicide and physician assisted suicide in Croatia. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Ana Borovecki, Marko Curkovic, Krunoslav Nikodem, Stjepan Oreskovic, Milivoj Novak, Filip Rubic, Jurica Vukovic, Diana Spoljar, Bert Gordijn and Chris Gastmans
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:13
  29. Decisions about limitations of life sustaining treatments (LST) are made for end-of-life patients in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this research was to explore the professional and ethical attitudes ...

    Authors: Diana Špoljar, Marinko Vučić, Jasminka Peršec, Vlasta Merc, Tatjana Kereš, Radovan Radonić, Zdravka Poljaković, Višnja Nesek Adam, Nenad Karanović, Krešimir Čaljkušić, Željko Župan, Igor Grubješić, Jasminka Kopić, Srđan Vranković, Renata Krobot, Bojana Nevajdić…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:12
  30. The expectation of pandemic-induced severe resource shortages has prompted authorities to draft and update frameworks to guide clinical decision-making and patient triage. While these documents differ in scope...

    Authors: Jane Zhu, Connor T. A. Brenna, Liam G. McCoy, Chloë G. K. Atkins and Sunit Das
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:11
  31. As moral case deliberations (MCDs) have increasingly been implemented in health care institutions as a form of ethics support, it is relevant to know whether and how MCDs actually contribute to positive change...

    Authors: J. C. de Snoo-Trimp, J. L. P. van Gurp and A. C. Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:10
  32. The need for an ethical debate about the use of coercion in intensive care units (ICU) may not be as obvious as in other areas of medicine, such as psychiatry. Coercive measures are often necessary to treat cr...

    Authors: Susanne Jöbges, Corine Mouton Dorey, Rouven Porz, Bara Ricou and Nicola Biller-Andorno
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:9
  33. With the enactment of Bill C-7 in Canada in March 2021, people who are eligible for medical assistance in dying (MAiD), whose death is reasonably foreseeable and are at risk of losing decision-making capacity,...

    Authors: Caroline Variath, Elizabeth Peter, Lisa Cranley and Dianne Godkin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:8
  34. The emergence of ethical concerns surrounding artificial intelligence (AI) has led to an explosion of high-level ethical principles being published by a wide range of public and private organizations. However,...

    Authors: Stuart McLennan, Amelia Fiske, Daniel Tigard, Ruth Müller, Sami Haddadin and Alena Buyx
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:6
  35. As a consequence of precision medicine initiatives, genomic technologies have rapidly spread around the world, raising questions about genetic privacy and the ethics of data sharing. Previous scholarship in bi...

    Authors: Ross Cheung, Shreshtha Jolly, Manoj Vimal, Hie Lim Kim and Ian McGonigle
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:5
  36. There have been notable investments in large multi-partner research programmes across the agriculture-nutrition-health (ANH) nexus. These studies often involve human participants and commonly require research ...

    Authors: Limbanazo Matandika, Kate Millar, Eric Umar, Edward Joy and Joseph Mfutso-Bengo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:3
  37. One of the next frontiers in HIV research is focused on finding a cure. A new priority includes people with HIV (PWH) with non-AIDS terminal illnesses who are willing to donate their bodies at the end-of-life ...

    Authors: John Kanazawa, Sara Gianella, Susanna Concha-Garcia, Jeff Taylor, Andy Kaytes, Christopher Christensen, Hursch Patel, Samuel Ndukwe, Stephen A. Rawlings, Steven Hendrickx, Susan Little, Brandon Brown, Davey Smith and Karine Dubé
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:2
  38. Community Advisory Boards (CAB) have become essential organs of involving communities in HIV clinical trials especially in developing countries. However, limited empirical evidence exists on the role of CABs i...

    Authors: Godwin Pancras, Bruno F. Sunguya, Nathanael Sirili, Emmanuel Balandya, Eligius Lyamuya and Blandina T. Mmbaga
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2022 23:1
  39. We aim to further develop an index for detecting disguised paternalism, which might influence physicians’ evaluations of whether or not a patient is decision-competent at the end of life. Disguised paternalism...

    Authors: Niels Lynøe, Ingemar Engström and Niklas Juth
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:170
  40. HIV remission clinical researchers are increasingly seeking study participants who are diagnosed and treated during acute HIV infection—the brief period between infection and the point when the body creates de...

    Authors: Adam Gilbertson, Joseph D. Tucker, Karine Dubé, Maartje Dijkstra and Stuart Rennie
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:169
  41. Whether and how to disclose genomic findings obtained in the course of genomic clinical practice and medical research has been a controversial global bioethical issue over the past two decades. Although severa...

    Authors: Kenji Matsui, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Shimon Tashiro and Tomohide Ibuki
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:168
  42. Ethiopia’s 2005 abortion law improved access to legal abortion. In this study we examine the experiences of abortion providers with the revised abortion law, including how they view and resolve perceived moral...

    Authors: Demelash Bezabih Ewnetu, Viva Combs Thorsen, Jan Helge Solbakk and Morten Magelssen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:166

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