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  1. Doctor and healthcare worker (HCW) strikes are a global phenomenon with the potential to negatively impact on the quality of healthcare services and the doctor-patient relationship. Strikes are a legitimate de...

    Authors: Sylvester C Chima
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  2. Informed consent is a legal and ethical doctrine derived from the principle of respect for autonomy. Generally two rights derived from autonomy are accorded legal protection. The constitutional right to bodily...

    Authors: Sylvester C Chima
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  3. In clinical research scientific, legal as well as ethical aspects are important. It is well known that clinical investigators at university hospitals have to undertake their PhD-studies alongside their daily w...

    Authors: Arja Halkoaho, Mari Matveinen, Ville Leinonen, Kirsi Luoto and Tapani Keränen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:53
  4. Little is known about the views of mothers when their children are invited to participate in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) investigating medicines and/or invasive procedures. Our goal was to understand mot...

    Authors: Adriana Assis Carvalho and Luciane Rezende Costa
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:52
  5. Psychiatric staff members have the power to decide the options that frame encounters with patients. Intentional as well as unintentional framing can have a crucial impact on patients’ opportunities to be heard...

    Authors: Veikko Pelto-Piri, Karin Engström and Ingemar Engström
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:49
  6. In studies publishing identifying personal information, obtaining consent is regarded as necessary, as it is impossible to ensure complete anonymity. However, current journal practices around specific points t...

    Authors: Akiko Yoshida, Yuri Dowa, Hiromi Murakami and Shinji Kosugi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:47
  7. The 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised recommendations for HIV testing in clinical settings contained seven specific changes to how health care facilities should provide HIV testing....

    Authors: Michael J Waxman, Roland C Merchant, M Teresa Celada and Melissa A Clark
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:46
  8. In 2008 UK legislation was amended to enable the use of deferred consent for paediatric emergency care (EC) trials in recognition of the practical and ethical difficulties of obtaining prospective consent in a...

    Authors: Kerry Woolfall, Lucy Frith, Carrol Gamble and Bridget Young
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:45
  9. With a view to addressing the moral concerns about the use of donor siblings, the Policy Statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics - Children as Hematopoietic Stem Cell Donors (the Policy) has laid out t...

    Authors: Tak Kwong Chan and George Lim Tipoe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:43
  10. Defensive medicine is defined as a doctor’s deviation from standard practice to reduce or prevent complaints or criticism. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of the practice of defensiv...

    Authors: Osman Ortashi, Jaspal Virdee, Rudaina Hassan, Tomasz Mutrynowski and Fikri Abu-Zidan
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:42
  11. International health research in malaria-endemic settings may include screening for sickle cell disease, given the relationship between this important genetic condition and resistance to malaria, generating qu...

    Authors: Vicki Marsh, Francis Kombe, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Thomas N Williams, Michael Parker and Sassy Molyneux
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:41
  12. Although there is extensive information about why people participate in clinical trials, studies are largely based on quantitative evidence and typically focus on single conditions. Over the last decade invest...

    Authors: Anne Townsend and Susan M Cox
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:40
  13. In their book Spare Parts, published in 1992, Fox and Swazey criticized various aspects of organ transplantation, including the routinization of the procedure, ignorance regarding its inherent uncertainties, and ...

    Authors: Céline Durand, Andrée Duplantie, Yves Chabot, Hubert Doucet and Marie-Chantal Fortin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:39
  14. Medical tourism—the practice where patients travel internationally to privately access medical care—may limit patients’ regular physicians’ abilities to contribute to the informed decision-making process. We a...

    Authors: Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks, Rory Johnston and Shafik Dharamsi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:37
  15. Biological sample and data transfer within and out of Africa is steeped in controversy With the H3Africa project now aiming to establish biobanks in Africa, it is essential that there are ethical and legal gov...

    Authors: Ciara Staunton and Keymanthri Moodley
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:35
  16. Recruiting minorities into research studies requires special attention, particularly when studies involve “extra-vulnerable” participants with multiple vulnerabilities, e.g., pregnant women, the fetuses/neonat...

    Authors: Pornpimon Adams, Waranya Wongwit, Krisana Pengsaa, Srisin Khusmith, Wijitr Fungladda, Warissara Chaiyaphan, Chanthima Limphattharacharoen, Sukanya Prakobtham and Jaranit Kaewkungwal
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:33
  17. A survey on the knowledge and attitudes towards the Austrian organ donation legislation (an opt-out solution) of selected groups of the Austrian population taking into account factors such as age, gender, leve...

    Authors: Vanessa Stadlbauer, Peter Steiner, Martin Schweiger, Michael Sereinigg, Karl-Heinz Tscheliessnigg, Wolfgang Freidl and Philipp Stiegler
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:32
  18. The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been in...

    Authors: Adnan A Hyder, Waleed Zafar, Joseph Ali, Robert Ssekubugu, Paul Ndebele and Nancy Kass
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:31
  19. Efforts to improve patients’ understanding of their own medical treatments or research in which they are involved are progressing, especially with regard to informed consent procedures. We aimed to design a mu...

    Authors: Silvia Cervo, Jane Rovina, Renato Talamini, Tiziana Perin, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Paolo De Paoli and Agostino Steffan
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:30
  20. In resource-limited settings where healthcare services are limited and poverty is common, it is difficult to ethically conduct clinical research without providing patient-care. Therefore, integration of patien...

    Authors: Moses Laman, William Pomat, Peter Siba and Inoni Betuela
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:29
  21. Obtaining informed consent is a cornerstone of biomedical research, yet participants comprehension of presented information is often low. The most effective interventions to improve understanding rates have no...

    Authors: Adam Nishimura, Jantey Carey, Patricia J Erwin, Jon C Tilburt, M Hassan Murad and Jennifer B McCormick
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:28
  22. Photographs are commonly taken of children in medical and research contexts. With the increased availability of photographs through the internet, it is increasingly important to consider their potential for ne...

    Authors: Delan Devakumar, Helen Brotherton, Jay Halbert, Andrew Clarke, Audrey Prost and Jennifer Hall
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:27
  23. In recent decades, the general public has become increasingly receptive toward a legislation that allows active voluntary euthanasia (AVE). The purpose of this study was to survey the current attitude towards ...

    Authors: Willibald J Stronegger, Nathalie T Burkert, Franziska Grossschädl and Wolfgang Freidl
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:26
  24. On site monitoring of research is one of the most effective ways to ensure compliance during research conduct. However, it is least carried out primarily for two reasons: presumed high costs both in terms of h...

    Authors: Joseph Ochieng, Julius Ecuru, Frederick Nakwagala and Paul Kutyabami
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:23
  25. Ethical conflicts are arising as a result of the growing complexity of clinical care, coupled with technological advances. Most studies that have developed instruments for measuring ethical conflict base their...

    Authors: Anna Falcó-Pegueroles, Teresa Lluch-Canut and Joan Guàrdia-Olmos
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:22
  26. Rapid advances in high throughput genomic technologies and next generation sequencing are making medical genomic research more readily accessible and affordable, including the sequencing of patient and control...

    Authors: Galen EB Wright, Pieter GJ Koornhof, Adebowale A Adeyemo and Nicki Tiffin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:21
  27. In recent years, personalized medicine (PM) has become a highly regarded line of development in medicine. Yet, it is still a relatively new field. As a consequence, the discussion of its future developments, i...

    Authors: Sebastian Schleidgen and Georg Marckmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:20
  28. Conflicts of interest affect recommendations in clinical guidelines and disclosure of such conflicts is important. However, not all conflicts of interest are disclosed. Using a public available disclosure list...

    Authors: Julie Bolette Brix Bindslev, Jeppe Schroll, Peter C Gøtzsche and Andreas Lundh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:19
  29. The tissue biobanking of specific biological residual materials, which constitutes a useful resource for medical/scientific research, has raised some ethical issues, such as the need to define which kind of co...

    Authors: Luciana Caenazzo, Pamela Tozzo and Renzo Pegoraro
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:17
  30. Should those who work on ethics welcome or resist moves to open access publishing? This paper analyses arguments in favour and against the increasing requirement for open access publishing and considers their ...

    Authors: Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:16
  31. Millions of people undergo displacement in the world. Internally displaced people (IDP) are especially vulnerable as they are not protected by special legislation in contrast to other migrants. Research conduc...

    Authors: Chesmal Siriwardhana, Anushka Adikari, Kaushalya Jayaweera and Athula Sumathipala
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:13
  32. Audio-visual teleconsultation is expected to help home-based palliative patients, hospital-based palliative care professionals, and family physicians to jointly design better, pro-active care. Consensual knowl...

    Authors: Jelle van Gurp, Martine van Selm, Evert van Leeuwen and Jeroen Hasselaar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:12
  33. The Netherlands is one of the few countries where euthanasia is legal under strict conditions. This study investigates whether Dutch newspaper articles use the term ‘euthanasia’ according to the legal definiti...

    Authors: Judith AC Rietjens, Natasja JH Raijmakers, Pauline SC Kouwenhoven, Clive Seale, Ghislaine JMW van Thiel, Margo Trappenburg, Johannes JM van Delden and Agnes van der Heide
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:11
  34. The global expansion of biobanks has led to a range of bioethical concerns related to consent, privacy, control, ownership, and disclosure. As an opportunity to engage broader audiences on these concerns, bioe...

    Authors: Matthew C Nisbet and Declan Fahy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:10
  35. A baby hatch called the “Stork’s Cradle” has been in place at Jikei Hospital in Kumamoto City, Japan, since May 10, 2007. Babyklappes were first established in Germany in 2000, and there are currently more tha...

    Authors: Atsushi Asai and Hiroko Ishimoto
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:9
  36. To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention in improving emergency department (ED) patient privacy and satisfaction in the crowded ED setting.

    Authors: Yen-Ko Lin, Wei-Che Lee, Liang-Chi Kuo, Yuan-Chia Cheng, Chia-Ju Lin, Hsing-Lin Lin, Chao-Wen Chen and Tsung-Ying Lin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:8
  37. To identify motivational factors linked to child health status that affected the likelihood of parents’ allowing their child to participate in pediatric research.

    Authors: Jérémy Vanhelst, Ludovic Hardy, Dina Bert, Stéphane Duhem, Stéphanie Coopman, Christian Libersa, Dominique Deplanque, Frédéric Gottrand and Laurent Béghin
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2013 14:7

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