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  1. Socially assistive devices (care robots, companions, smart screen assistants) have been advocated as a promising tool in elderly care in Western healthcare systems. Ethical debates indicate various challenges....

    Authors: Joschka Haltaufderheide, Annika Lucht, Christoph Strünck and Jochen Vollmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:106
  2. Clinical trials should be as inclusive as possible to facilitate equitable access to research and better reflect the population towards which any intervention is aimed. Informed by the UK’s National Institute ...

    Authors: Dhrusti Patel, Lucy Kilburn, Lisa Fox, Emma Hall, Judith Bliss and Rebecca Lewis
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:105
  3. Collecting post-mortem brain tissue is essential, especially from healthy “control” individuals, to advance knowledge on increasingly common neurological and mental disorders. Yet, healthy individuals, on whic...

    Authors: Chiara Cattaneo, Iuliia Urakcheeva, Gianmarco Giacomini, Maria Antonietta Stazi, Susanna Lana, Antonio Arnofi, Miriam Salemi and Virgilia Toccaceli
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:104
  4. Allocation of scarce organs for transplantation is ethically challenging. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been proposed to assist in liver allocation, however the ethics of this remains unexplored and the vie...

    Authors: Max Drezga-Kleiminger, Joanna Demaree-Cotton, Julian Koplin, Julian Savulescu and Dominic Wilkinson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:102
  5. Voluntary post-mortem donation to science (PDS) is the most appropriate source for body dissection in medical education and training, and highly useful for biomedical research. In Mexico, unclaimed bodies are ...

    Authors: I. Meester, M. Polino Guajardo, A. C. Treviño Ramos, J. M. Solís-Soto and A. Rojas-Martinez
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:101
  6. Improving the ways in which routinely-collected mental health data are shared could facilitate substantial advances in research and treatment. However, this process should only be undertaken in partnership wit...

    Authors: Emily Watson, Sue Fletcher-Watson and Elizabeth Joy Kirkham
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:99
  7. Massively parallel sequencing techniques, such as whole exome sequencing (WES) and whole genome sequencing (WGS), may reveal unsolicited findings (UFs) unrelated to the diagnostic aim. Such techniques are freq...

    Authors: Candice Cornelis, Wybo Dondorp, Ineke Bolt, Guido de Wert, Marieke van Summeren, Eva Brilstra, Nine Knoers and Annelien L. Bredenoord
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:98
  8. Informed consent procedures for large population-based cohort studies should be comprehensive and easy-to-use. This is particularly challenging when participants from different socio-economic groups and multic...

    Authors: Luuk V. Haring, Joy T. Hall, Anton Janssen, J. Marleen Johannes, Arnoud P. Verhoeff and Joanne K. Ujcic-Voortman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:97
  9. Parental refusal of routine childhood vaccination remains an ethically contested area. This systematic review sought to explore and characterise the normative arguments made about parental refusal of routine v...

    Authors: Kerrie Wiley, Maria Christou-Ergos, Chris Degeling, Rosalind McDougall, Penelope Robinson, Katie Attwell, Catherine Helps, Shevaun Drislane and Stacy M Carter
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:96
  10. Defensive medicine is physicians’ deviation from standard medical care which is primarily intended either to reduce or avoid medico legal litigation. Although the Federal Ethics Committee review in Ethiopia ha...

    Authors: Eskinder Amare Assefa, Yonas Ademe Teferi, Birhanu Nega Alemu and Abraham Genetu
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:95
  11. Researchers must adhere to ethical and scientific standards in their research involving human subjects; therefore, their knowledge of human subjects’ rights is essential. A tool to measure the extent of this k...

    Authors: May M. Al-Madaney and Margrit Fässler
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:94
  12. The organ donation and transplantation (ODT) system heavily relies on the willingness of individuals to donate their organs. While it is widely believed that public trust plays a crucial role in shaping donati...

    Authors: María Victoria Martínez-López, Leah McLaughlin, Alberto Molina-Pérez, Krzysztof Pabisiak, Nadia Primc, Gurch Randhawa, David Rodríguez-Arias, Jorge Suárez, Sabine Wöhlke and Janet Delgado
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:93

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:26

  13. Ethical review systems need to build on their experiences of COVID-19 research to enhance their preparedness for future pandemics. Recommendations from representatives from over twenty countries include: impro...

    Authors: Katharine Wright, Nic Aagaard, Amr Yusuf Ali, Caesar Atuire, Michael Campbell, Katherine Littler, Ahmed Mandil, Roli Mathur, Joseph Okeibunor, Andreas Reis, Maria Alexandra Ribeiro, Carla Saenz, Mamello Sekhoacha, Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki, Jerome Amir Singh and Ross Upshur
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:92
  14. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, different countries sought to manufacture and supply effective vaccines to control the disease and prevent and protect public health in society. The implementation...

    Authors: Roya Malekzadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Arash Ziapour, Murat Yıldırım and Afshin Amirkhanlou
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:91
  15. The introduction and wide application of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) has triggered further evolution of routines in the practice of prenatal diagnosis. ‘Routinization’ of prenatal diagnosis however ha...

    Authors: Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Daniëlle R. M. Timmermans and Aviad Raz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:87
  16. Prenatal genetic testing, in particular non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), as well as screening for risks associated with pregnancy, and counseling, play pivotal roles in reproductive healthcare, offering v...

    Authors: Mirriam Tyebally Fang, Federico Germani, Giovanni Spitale, Sebastian Wäscher, Ladina Kunz and Nikola Biller-Andorno
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:85
  17. With the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), global researchers were confronted with major challenges. The German National Pandemic Cohort Network (NAPKON) was launched in...

    Authors: Katharina Tilch, Sina M. Hopff, Katharina Appel, Monika Kraus, Bettina Lorenz-Depiereux, Lisa Pilgram, Gabi Anton, Sarah Berger, Ramsia Geisler, Kirsten Haas, Thomas Illig, Dagmar Krefting, Roberto Lorbeer, Lazar Mitrov, Maximilian Muenchhoff, Matthias Nauck…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:84
  18. New disease-modifying ways to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD) may soon become a reality with intracerebral transplantation of cell products produced from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Karin Schölin Bywall, Jennifer Drevin, Catharina Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Jorien Veldwijk, Dag Nyholm, Hakan Widner, Trinette van Vliet, Elena Jiltsova, Mats Hansson and Jennifer Viberg Johansson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:83
  19. Medical errors, unsatisfactory outcomes, or treatment complications often prompt patient complaints about healthcare providers. In response, physicians may adopt defensive practices to mitigate objections, avo...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Eftekhari, Alireza Parsapoor, Ayat Ahmadi, Neda Yavari, Bagher Larijani and Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:82
  20. While genomic data sharing can facilitate important health research and discovery benefits, these must be balanced against potential privacy risks and harms to individuals. Understanding public attitudes and p...

    Authors: Holly Etchegary, Georgia Darmonkov, Charlene Simmonds, Daryl Pullman and Proton Rahman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:81
  21. Each individual’s unique health-related beliefs can greatly impact the patient-clinician relationship. When there is a conflict between the patient’s preferences and recommended medical care, it can create a s...

    Authors: Tetsuya Yumoto, Takashi Hongo, Yasuhiro Koide, Takafumi Obara, Kohei Tsukahara, Hiromichi Naito and Atsunori Nakao
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:80
  22. Healthcare professionals use the ethics of justice and care to construct moral reasoning. These ethics are conflicting in nature; different value systems and orders of justice and care are applied to the cause...

    Authors: Kayoko Tsunematsu, Atsushi Asai and Yasuhiro Kadooka
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:79

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:103

  23. One of the core goals of Digital Health Technologies (DHT) is to transform healthcare services and delivery by shifting primary care from hospitals into the community. However, achieving this goal will rely on...

    Authors: Tamra Lysaght, Hui Yun Chan, James Scheibner, Hui Jin Toh and Bernadette Richards
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:78
  24. Among the myriad voices advocating diverging ideas of what general practice ought to be, none seem to adequately capture its ethical core. There is a paucity of attempts to integrate moral theory with empirica...

    Authors: Linus Johnsson, Anna T. Höglund and Lena Nordgren
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:75
  25. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) play a vital role in safeguarding the rights and interests of both research participants and researchers. However, China initiated the establishment of its own IRB system rel...

    Authors: Lu Lu, Shuwen Shi, Bojing Liu and Chanjuan Liu
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:74
  26. Standard interpretations of the ethical principle of respect for persons have not incorporated the views and values of patients, especially patients from groups underrepresented in research. This limits the ab...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Kraft, Devan M. Duenas and Seema K. Shah
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:73
  27. Forward-looking, democratically oriented governance is needed to ensure that human genome editing serves rather than undercuts public values. Scientific, policy, and ethics communities have recognized this nec...

    Authors: Cynthia Selin, Lauren Lambert, Stephanie Morain, John P. Nelson, Dorit Barlevy, Mahmud Farooque, Haley Manley and Christopher T. Scott
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:72
  28. In June 2016, Canada legalized medical assistance in dying (MAiD). From the outset, some healthcare institutions (including faith-based and non-faith-based hospitals, hospices, and residential aged care facili...

    Authors: Eliana Close, Ruthie Jeanneret, Jocelyn Downie, Lindy Willmott and Ben P White
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:71
  29. Anticipatory planning in the UK focuses on supporting people who anticipate periods of impaired capacity to express their wishes about future care through processes such as advance care planning. Other countri...

    Authors: Victoria Shepherd, Kerenza Hood and Fiona Wood
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:70
  30. Infertility is an increasingly prevalent disease in society and is considered by the World Health Organization to be a public health problem. An important ethical issue arises from the clarification of reprodu...

    Authors: Drauzio Oppenheimer, Francisca Rego and Rui Nunes
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:69
  31. The significance of medical implants goes beyond technical functioning and reaches into everyday life, with consequences for individuals as well as society. Ethical aspects associated with the everyday use of ...

    Authors: Sabine Schulz, Laura Harzheim, Constanze Hübner, Mariya Lorke, Saskia Jünger and Christiane Woopen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:68
  32. Research ethics is intertwined with and depends on building robust and responsive research governance systems alongside researchers. Globally there has been substantial investment in agriculture, nutrition, an...

    Authors: Limbanazo Matandika, Kate Millar, Eric Umar and Joseph Mfutso-Bengo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:66
  33. The fourth section of the 1967 Abortion Act states that individuals (including health care practitioners) do not have to participate in an abortion if they have a conscientious objection. A conscientious objec...

    Authors: Becky Self, Clare Maxwell and Valerie Fleming
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:65
  34. Shared decision making (SDM) and advance care planning (ACP) are important evidence and ethics based concepts that can be translated in communication tools to aid the treatment decision-making process. Althoug...

    Authors: Ana Rosca, Isabelle Karzig-Roduner, Jürgen Kasper, Niek Rogger, Daniel Drewniak and Tanja Krones
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:64
  35. In this qualitative analysis we aimed to explore addiction physicians’ perspectives on safer injection education for people who inject drugs, especially: (1) on possible means of introducing safer injection ed...

    Authors: Anastasia Demina, Caroline Desprès and Marie-France Mamzer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:63
  36. Although the importance of clinical ethics in contemporary clinical environments is established, development of formal clinical ethics services in the Australia health system has, to date, been ad hoc. This st...

    Authors: Elizabeth Hoon, Jessie Edwards, Gill Harvey, Jaklin Eliott, Tracy Merlin, Drew Carter, Stewart Moodie and Gerry O’Callaghan
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:62
  37. Thirst and dry mouth are common symptoms in terminally ill patients. In their day-to-day practice, palliative care physicians regularly encounter ethical dilemmas, especially regarding artificial hydration. Fe...

    Authors: Maria Friedrichsen, Caroline Lythell, Nana Waldréus, Tiny Jaarsma, Helene Ångström, Micha Milovanovic, Marit Karlsson, Anna Milberg, Hans Thulesius, Christel Hedman, Anne Söderlund Schaller and Pier Jaarsma
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:61
  38. As more people are living longer, they become frail and are affected by multi-morbidity, resulting in increased demands from the ambulance service. Being vulnerable, older patients may have reduced decision-ma...

    Authors: Bodil Holmberg, Anna Bennesved and Anders Bremer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:60
  39. Ethical decision‑making and behavior of nurses are major factors that can affect the quality of nursing care. Moral development of nurses to making better ethical decision-making is an essential element for ma...

    Authors: Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Aliakbar Koohi, Abbas Ebadi and Amir Vahedian-Azimi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:58
  40. An increasing number of studies on physicians’ professionalism have been done since the 2002 publication of Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium: A Physician Charter. The Charter proposed three fundament...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Qiu-xia Yang, Rui Zhang, Yan Tan and Yu-chen Long
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:57

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