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  1. The Patient Right to Autonomy Act (PRAA), implemented in Taiwan in 2019, enables the creation of advance decisions (AD) through advance care planning (ACP). This legal framework allows for the withholding and ...

    Authors: Yi-Ling Wu, Tsai-Wen Lin, Chun-Yi Yang, Samuel Shih-Chih Wang and Sheng-Jean Huang
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:59
  2. Ethical challenges constitute an inseparable part of daily decision-making processes in all areas of healthcare. Ethical challenges are associated with moral distress that can lead to burnout. Clinical ethics ...

    Authors: Henriette Bruun, Louise Milling, Daniel Wittrock, Søren Mikkelsen and Lotte Huniche
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:58
  3. The involvement of pregnant women in vaccine clinical trials presents unique challenges for the informed consent process. We explored the expectations and experiences of the pregnant women, spouses/partners, h...

    Authors: Agnes Ssali, Rita Namugumya, Phiona Nalubega, Mary Kyohere, Janet Seeley and Kirsty Le Doare
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:57
  4. A morally sound framework for benefit-sharing is crucial to minimize research exploitation for research conducted in developing countries. However, in practice, it remains uncertain which stakeholders should b...

    Authors: Godwin Pancras, Mangi Ezekiel, Erasto Mbugi and Jon F. Merz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:54
  5. Data access committees (DAC) gatekeep access to secured genomic and related health datasets yet are challenged to keep pace with the rising volume and complexity of data generation. Automated decision support ...

    Authors: Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Jinyoung Baek, Jonathan Lawson and Edward S. Dove
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:51
  6. Assisted death, including euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS), is under debate worldwide, and these practices are adopted in many Western countries. Physicians’ attitudes toward assisted death vary...

    Authors: Reetta P. Piili, Minna Hökkä, Jukka Vänskä, Elina Tolvanen, Pekka Louhiala and Juho T. Lehto
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:50
  7. Confidentiality is one of the central preconditions for clinical ethics support (CES). CES cases which generate moral questions for CES staff concerning (breaching) confidentiality of what has been discussed d...

    Authors: Wieke Ligtenberg, Margreet Stolper and Bert Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:49
  8. In this study, we examined the ethical implications of Egypt’s new clinical trial law, employing the ethical framework proposed by Emanuel et al. and comparing it to various national and supranational laws. Th...

    Authors: Sylvia Martin, Mirko Ancillotti, Santa Slokenberga and Amal Matar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:48
  9. In May 2020, England moved to an opt-out organ donation system, meaning adults are presumed to be an organ donor unless within an excluded group or have opted-out. This change aims to improve organ donation ra...

    Authors: Natalie L. Clark, Dorothy Coe, Natasha Newell, Mark N. A. Jones, Matthew Robb, David Reaich and Caroline Wroe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:47
  10. The ethical governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care and public health continues to be an urgent issue for attention in policy, research, and practice. In this paper we report on central theme...

    Authors: James Shaw, Joseph Ali, Caesar A. Atuire, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Armando Guio Español, Judy Wawira Gichoya, Adrienne Hunt, Daudi Jjingo, Katherine Littler, Daniela Paolotti and Effy Vayena
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:46
  11. Despite decades of anti-racism and equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) interventions in academic medicine, medical racism continues to harm patients and healthcare providers. We sought to deeply explore exp...

    Authors: Pamela Roach, Shannon M. Ruzycki, Kirstie C. Lithgow, Chanda R. McFadden, Adrian Chikwanha, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc and Cheryl Barnabe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:45
  12. The often poor prognosis associated with cancer necessitates empowering patients to express their care preferences. Yet, the prevalence of Advance Directives (AD) among oncology patients remains low. This stud...

    Authors: Amélie Cambriel, Kevin Serey, Adrien Pollina-Bachellerie, Mathilde Cancel, Morgan Michalet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Carole Bouleuc, Jean-Pierre Lotz and Francois Philippart
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:44
  13. Relatives have no formal position in the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) according to Dutch legislation. However, research shows that physicians often involve relatives in EAS decis...

    Authors: Sophie C. Renckens, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Agnes van der Heide and H. Roeline Pasman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:43
  14. The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine has prompted the development of numerous ethical guidelines, while the involvement of patients in the creation of these documents lags behind. As part ...

    Authors: Menno T. Maris, Ayca Koçar, Dick L. Willems, Jeannette Pols, Hanno L. Tan, Georg L. Lindinger and Marieke A.R. Bak
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:53

  15. Moral distress (MD) is the psychological damage caused when people are forced to witness or carry out actions which go against their fundamental moral values. The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence ...

    Authors: Eloy Girela-Lopez, Cristina M. Beltran-Aroca, Jaime Boceta-Osuna, Dolores Aguilera-Lopez, Alejandro Gomez-Carranza, Manuel Lopez-Valero and Manuel Romero-Saldaña
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:41
  16. Respect is essential to providing high quality healthcare, particularly for groups that are historically marginalized and stigmatized. While ethical principles taught to health professionals focus on patient a...

    Authors: Sofia B. Fernandez, Alya Ahmad, Mary Catherine Beach, Melissa K. Ward, Michele Jean-Gilles, Gladys Ibañez, Robert Ladner and Mary Jo Trepka
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:39
  17. Drug exceptional access programs (DEAPs) exist across Canada to address gaps in access to pharmaceuticals. These programs circumvent standard procedures, raising epistemic, economic, social and political issue...

    Authors: Pierre-Marie David, Kayley Laura Lata, Marie-Eve Bouthillier and Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:37
  18. Despite clinical evidence of drug superiority, therapeutic modalities, like combination immunotherapy, are mostly considered cost-ineffective due to their high costs per life year(s) gained. This paper, taking...

    Authors: Hamideh Mahdiani, Nikolai Münch and Norbert W. Paul
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:35
  19. Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), which can screen for aneuploidies such as trisomy 21, is being implemented in several public healthcare systems across Europe. Comprehensive communication and information ...

    Authors: Hilary Bowman-Smart, Adeline Perrot and Ruth Horn
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:34
  20. In Morocco, medical research ethics training was integrated into the medical curriculum during the 2015 reform. In the same year, a law on medical research ethics was enacted to protect individuals participati...

    Authors: Ibtissam El Harch, Soumaya Benmaamar, Nabil Tachfouti, Moustapha Hida, Mohammed Faouzi Belahsen, Tarik Sqalli Houssaini and Karima El Rhazi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:33
  21. Studying global health problems requires international multidisciplinary teams. Such multidisciplinarity and multiculturalism create challenges in adhering to a set of ethical principles across different count...

    Authors: Natalia V. Lewis, Beatriz Kalichman, Yuri Nishijima Azeredo, Loraine J. Bacchus and Ana Flavia d’Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:32
  22. The prioritization protocols for accessing adult critical care in the extreme pandemic context contain tiebreaker criteria to facilitate decision-making in the allocation of resources between patients with a s...

    Authors: Claudia Calderon Ramirez, Yanick Farmer, Andrea Frolic, Gina Bravo, Nathalie Orr Gaucher, Antoine Payot, Lucie Opatrny, Diane Poirier, Joseph Dahine, Audrey L’Espérance, James Downar, Peter Tanuseputro, Louis-Martin Rousseau, Vincent Dumez, Annie Descôteaux, Clara Dallaire…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:31
  23. The field of bioethics examines the moral and ethical dilemmas that arise in the biological sciences, healthcare, and medical practices. There has been a rise in medical negligence cases, complaints against he...

    Authors: Poovishnu Devi Thangavelu, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Renuka Pawar, Pravin H. Shingare, Suresh Bhosale, Russel D Souza, Ivone Duarte and Rui Nunes
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:30
  24. Informed consent as stipulated in regulatory human research guidelines requires volunteers to be well-informed about what will happen to them in a trial. However, researchers may be faced with the challenge of...

    Authors: Masunga K. Iseselo and Edith A. M. Tarimo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:29
  25. As the UK’s main healthcare priority-setter, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has good reason to want to demonstrate that its decisions are morally justified. In doing so, it has te...

    Authors: Victoria Charlton and Michael DiStefano
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:28
  26. Authors: Abdallah Al-Ani, Abdallah Rayyan, Ahmad Maswadeh, Hala Sultan, Ahmad Alhammouri, Hadeel Asfour, Tariq Alrawajih, Sarah Al Sharie, Fahed Al Karmi, Ahmed Mahmoud Al-Azzam, Asem Mansour and Maysa Al-Hussaini
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:27

    The original article was published in BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:18

  27. Scientific and technological advancements in mapping and understanding the interrelated pathways through which biological and environmental exposures affect disease development create new possibilities for det...

    Authors: Sammie N. G. Jansen, Bart A. Kamphorst, Bob C. Mulder, Irene van Kamp, Sandra Boekhold, Peter van den Hazel and Marcel F. Verweij
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:25
  28. The expressions of a “wish to hasten death” or “wish to die” raise ethical concerns and challenges. These expressions are related to ethical principles intertwined within the field of medical ethics, particula...

    Authors: Paulo J. Borges, Pablo Hernández-Marrero and Sandra Martins Pereira
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:23
  29. Carefully planned research is critical to developing policies and interventions that counter physical, psychological and social challenges faced by young people living with HIV/AIDS, without increasing burdens...

    Authors: Mary Kimani, Sassy Molyneux, Anderson Charo, Scholastica M. Zakayo, Gladys Sanga, Rita Njeru, Alun Davies, Maureen Kelley, Amina Abubakar and Vicki Marsh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:21
  30. There is considerable variation in the functionality of bioethical services in different institutions and countries for children in hospital, despite new challenges due to increasing technology supports for ch...

    Authors: Denise Alexander, Mary Quirke, Jo Greene, Lorna Cassidy, Carol Hilliard and Maria Brenner
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:20
  31. Xenotransplantation has great potential as an alternative to alleviate the shortage of organs for donation. However, given that the animal most suited for xenotransplantation is the pig, there are concerns tha...

    Authors: Gabriel Andrade, Eid AboHamza, Yasmeen Elsantil, AlaaEldin Ayoub and Dalia Bedewy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:19
  32. To examine the understanding of the ethical dilemmas associated with Big Data and artificial intelligence (AI) among Jordanian medical students, physicians in training, and senior practitioners.

    Authors: Abdallah Al-Ani, Abdallah Rayyan, Ahmad Maswadeh, Hala Sultan, Ahmad Alhammouri, Hadeel Asfour, Tariq Alrawajih, Sarah Al Sharie, Fahed Al Karmi, Ahmed Mahmoud Al-Azzam, Asem Mansour and Maysa Al-Hussaini
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:18

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:27

  33. Symptom checker apps (SCAs) are mobile or online applications for lay people that usually have two main functions: symptom analysis and recommendations. SCAs ask users questions about their symptoms via a chat...

    Authors: Regina Müller, Malte Klemmt, Roland Koch, Hans-Jörg Ehni, Tanja Henking, Elisabeth Langmann, Urban Wiesing and Robert Ranisch
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:17
  34. The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the approach to the health-disease system, raising the question about the principles of bioethics present in physician–patient relations. The principles while widely accept...

    Authors: Guillermo Cantú Quintanilla, Irma Eloisa Gómez-Guerrero, Nuria Aguiñaga-Chiñas, Mariana López Cervantes, Ignacio David Jaramillo Flores, Pedro Alonso Slon Rodríguez, Carlos Francisco Bravo Vargas, America Arroyo-Valerio and María del Carmen García-Higuera
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:16
  35. Despite the great benefits of intelligent assistive technology (IAT) for dementia care – for example, the enhanced safety and increased independence of people with dementia and their caregivers – its practical...

    Authors: Hanan AboJabel, Johannes Welsch and Silke Schicktanz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:15
  36. While most countries that allow abortion on women’s request also grant physicians a right to conscientious objection (CO), this has proven to constitute a potential barrier to abortion access. Conscientious ob...

    Authors: Robin Krawutschke, Tania Pastrana and Dagmar Schmitz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:14
  37. The underrepresentation of scholarly works from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in academic literature is a documented concern, attributed partly to editorial biases. This trend, prevalent across vari...

    Authors: Zhiwei Jia, Donghua Liu, Xingxuan Li, Tianlin Wen, Xiyan Zhao and Wei Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:13
  38. Radiotherapy is an essential component of cancer treatment, yet many countries do not have adequate capacity to serve all patients who would benefit from it. Allocation systems are needed to guide patient prio...

    Authors: Rebecca J. DeBoer, Anita Ho, Espérance Mutoniwase, Cam Nguyen, Grace Umutesi, Jean Bosco Bigirimana, Nicaise Nsabimana, Katherine Van Loon, Lawrence N. Shulman, Scott A. Triedman, Vincent K. Cubaka and Cyprien Shyirambere
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:12
  39. Intellectual honesty and integrity are the cornerstones of conducting any form of research. Over the last few years, scholars have shown great concerns over questionable research practices (QRPs) in academia. ...

    Authors: Ayesha Fahim, Aysha Sadaf, Fahim Haider Jafari, Kashif Siddique and Ahsan Sethi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:11
  40. While the theoretical benefits and harms of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have been widely discussed in academic literature, empirical evidence remains elusive regarding the practical ethical challenges of deve...

    Authors: Laura Arbelaez Ossa, Giorgia Lorenzini, Stephen R. Milford, David Shaw, Bernice S. Elger and Michael Rost
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2024 25:10

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