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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of variables associated with having a current wish to die or a weak wish to live compared to has never had death thoughts or wishes, per domain of vulnerability

From: Current wishes to die; characteristics of middle-aged and older Dutch adults who are ready to give up on life: a cross-sectional study

  Logistic regression analysis n = 1374
Odds ratioa 95% CI p value
Demographics
Marital status
 Never married 2.149 0.797–5.791 0.131
 Married and registered partnership Ref   
 Divorced 3.554 1.612–7.837 0.002
 Widowhood 2.819 1.459–5.447 0.002
Domain 1. Physical vulnerability
Hearing impairment
 No impairment Ref   
 Some difficulty 0.953 0.497–1.828 0.884
 Much difficulty/not able to hear 2.885 1.131 – 7.356 0.027
Self-perceived health
 Very good to excellent Ref   
 Good 1.440 0.593–3.493 0.421
 Fair to poor 9.065 3.759–21.861 < 0.001
Dizziness
 No Ref   
 Yes 2.052 1.044–4.034 0.037
Domain 2. Cognitive vulnerability
Problems with memory
 No Ref   
 Yes 2.821 1.675–4.752 < 0.001
Domain 3. Social vulnerability
Self-perceived quality of life
 Rather/very good Ref   
 Neither poor nor good 5.307 2.539–11.095 < 0.001
 Rather/very poor 14.150 4.644–43.118 < 0.001
Network size    
 21–70 Ref   
 13–20 1.427 0.542–3.757 0.472
 0–12 2.450 1.033–5.813 0.042
Loneliness
 Not lonely Ref   
 Lonely 4.646 2.387–9.042 < 0.001
Health problems limit social activities
 Little/none of the time Ref   
 Some of the time 2.214 1.045–4.691 0.038
 Most/all of the time 2.186 0.811–5.894 0.122
Domain 4. Psychological vulnerability
Meaningfulness of life
 Very much to an extreme amount Ref   
 A moderate amount 8.344 3.356–20.749 < 0.001
 A little to not at all 24.606 7.393–81.893 < 0.001
Lately satisfied with life
 (very) satisfied Ref   
 Not dissatisfied/satisfied 3.466 1.692–7.101 0.001
 (very) dissatisfied 5.878 2.112–16.357 0.001
Depression
 No depression Ref   
 Subclinical depression (SUBD) 2.338 1.121–4.876 0.024
 Major depressive disorder (MDD) 8.281 2.633–26.044 < 0.001
  1. Housing, and death of sons, daughters and grandchildren were left out of the multivariate analyses because of a minimum expected count less than 1
  2. n number of participants, CI confidence interval, Ref reference
  3. aCorrected for age