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Table 1 Background characteristics and general knowledge and practices regarding DNAR decisions among physicians and nurses

From: Do-not-attempt-resuscitation orders: attitudes, perceptions and practices of Swedish physicians and nurses

Variables/Questions All
(n = 522)
Physicians
(n = 210)
Nurses
(n = 312)
p value
Age, mean (SD) 42.0 (11.5) 41.9 (11.0) 42.1 (11.9) 0.837 a
Sex, n (%)      < 0.001 b
 Female 358 (69.3) 96 (46.2) 262 (84.8)  
 Male 156 (30.2) 111 (53.4) 45 (14.6)  
 Other 3 (0.6) 1 (0.5) 2 (0.7)  
 Years in profession, mean (SD) 11.2 (10.3) 9.2 (8.6) 12.5 (11.1)  < 0.001 a
 Years in health care, mean (SD) 16.6 (12.2) 15.0 (10.6) 17.7 (13.1) 0.013 a
Care settings, n (%)     0.001 b
 Medicine 243 (46.6) 97 (46.2) 146 (46.8)  
 Surgery 39 (7.5) 22 (10.5) 17 (5.5)  
 Infection 18 (3.5) 13 (6.2) 5 (1.6)  
 Psychiatry 41 (7.9) 12 (5.7) 29 (9.3)  
 Emergency 31 (5.9) 9 (4.3) 22 (7.1)  
 ICU/Anaesthesia 111 (21.3) 35 (16.7) 76 (24.4)  
 Other 39 (7.5) 22 (10.5) 17 (5.5)  
Knowledge of national ethical guidelines, n (%)     0.122 b
 Yes 329 (63.0) 124 (59.1) 205 (65.7)  
 No 193 (37.0) 86 (41.0) 107 (34.3)  
Have read the guidelines, n (%)      < 0.001 b
 Yes 179 (34.6) 61 (29.2) 118 (38.2)  
 No 327 (45.8) 119 (56.9) 118 (38.2)  
 Uncertain 102 (19.7) 29 (13.9) 73 (23.6)  
Have discussed the guidelines at the clinic, n (%)     0.134 b
 Yes 135 (26.0) 46 (22.0) 89 (28.6)  
 No 179 (34.4) 81 (38.8) 98 (31.5)  
 Uncertain 206 (39.6) 82 (39.2) 124 (39.9)  
Have participated in a discussion leading to a DNAR, n (%)      < 0.001 b
 Yes 440 (84.6) 206 (98.6) 234 (75.2)  
 No 80 (15.4) 3 (1.4) 77 (24.8)  
Have made a DNAR decision, n (%)      < 0.001 b
 Yes 218 (41.8) 183 (87.1) 35 (11.3)  
 No 303 (58.2) 27 (12.9) 276 (88.8)  
  1. ICU, Intensive Care Unit; DNAR, Do Not Attempt Resuscitation
  2. aIndependent sample t-test
  3. bChi-square test