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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Physicians’ attitudes in relation to end-of-life decisions in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: a national multicenter survey

Occupational group N (%, 95%CI), N = 156
Gender
Male 30 (19.2, 13.0–25.4)
Female 126 (80.8, 74.6–87.0)
Age (years)
< 40 45 (28.9, 21.7–36.0)
> 40 111 (71.1, 64.0–78.3)
Having had children (parenthood)
No 33 (23.2, 16.3–30.2)
Yes 109 (76.8, 69.8–83.7)
Religious background
Christian orthodox 143 (94.1, 90.3–97.8)
Catholic 1 (0.7, 0.0–3.6)
Protestant 2 (1.3, 0.2–4.7)
Atheist 6 (3.9, 1.5–8.4)
Religion importance
Important 71 (46.4. 38.5–54.3)
Quite or not important 82 (53.6, 45.7–61.5)
Daily dutiesa
Yes 112 (74.2, 37.2–81.2)
No 39 (25.8, 18.5–32.8)
Years of employmenta
< 6 77 (49.4, 41.5–57.2)
6–15 39 (25.0. 18.2–31.8)
> 15 40 (25.6, 18.8–32.5)
Working hours (per week)a
< 40 38 (24.4, 17.6–31.1)
> 40 118 (75.6, 68.9–82.4)
Education
Graduate from medical school 86 (55.5, 47.7–63.3)
M.Sc. and/or Ph.D. 69 (44.5, 36.7–52.3)
Follow up in outpatient clinic
Yes 121 (79.1, 72.6–85.5)
No 32 (20.9, 14.5–27.4)
Employment contracta
Tenure 82 (54.3, 46.4–62.3)
Non-permanent 69 (45.7, 37.7–53.6)
Involvement in researchb
Yes 81 (52.6, 44.7–60.5)
No 73 (47.4, 39.5–55.3)
Physician’s rank
Fellow resident 58 (37.1, 29.5–44.7)
Consultant 32 (20.5, 14.2–26.8)
Research associate 57 (36.5, 28.9–44.1)
Neonatologist (part time) 9 (5.7, 2.1–9.3)
Position on existing legal frameworkc
Should change 104 (73.3, 66.0–80.5)
Should not change 30 (21.1, 14.4–27.8)
Not relevant 8 (5.6, 1.8–9.4)
  1. aIn the NICU
  2. bAt least one research project in the previous year
  3. cIn Greece, euthanasia is strictly prohibited in accordance to Article 300 of Penal Code and Article 29 of the Code of Medical Ethics. As for neonates there is no specific report on treatment limitation or palliative care