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Table 1 The relation between sex and age, level of education and Spanish level

From: Potential research ethics violations against an indigenous tribe in Ecuador: a mixed methods approach

Variables Sex
Male
n = 40
Female
n = 32
M ± SD n % M ± SD n % X2 p
Age 58 ± 18    57 ± 18     
 < 30 years (n = 5)   3 60.0   2 40.0   
31–50 (n = 31)   15 48.4   16 51.6 1.50 0.82
51–70 (n = 19)   11 57.9   8 42.1   
71–90 (n = 15)   10 66.7   5 33.3   
 > 91 years (n = 2)   1 50.0   1 50.0   
Level of education         
Nonliterate (n = 70)   38 54.3   32 45.7 1.64 0.43
Elementary school (n = 2)   2 100   0 0
Higher education (n = 1)   1 100   0 0
Spanish level         
None (n = 46)   23 50.0   23 50.0 2.69 0.44
Beginners (n = 9)   6 66.6   3 33.3
Intermediate (n = 4)   2 50.0   2 50.0
Advanced (fluent) (n = 13)   9 69.2   4 30.8