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Table 8 Factors affecting scientific misconduct occurrence

From: Knowledge and attitudes of physicians toward research ethics and scientific misconduct in Lebanon

  Very low/ Low High/ Very High
1. Severity of penalties for scientific misconduct (304) 141 (46.4) 163 (53.6)
2. Chances of getting caught for scientific misconduct if it occurs (300) 88 (29.3) 212 (70.7)
3. Researchers’ understanding of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct (297) 80 (26.9) 217 (73.1)
4. Your own understanding of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct. (298) 67 (22.5) 231 (77.5)
5. Researchers’ support of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct. (295) 63 (21.4) 232 (78.6)
6. The effectiveness of your institution’s rules and procedures for reducing scientific misconduct (295) 55(18.4) 240 (81.4)