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Table 2 Characteristics of physicians who responded that they had in the past decided to forgo initiation of CPR

From: Culture and personal influences on cardiopulmonary resuscitation- results of international survey

CharacteristicCategory optionIsraelIndonesiaMexicoTotal
n (%)n (%)n (%)np value
GenderFemale13a (19.1%)24a (23.1%)11a (26.8%)48 (22.5%)0.197
Male30 a (22.9%)48 a (25.8%)27 b (40.3%)105 (27.3%)
Degree of religiositySecular25a (19.1%)40a,b (22.9%)20b (35.7%)85a (23.5%)0.035
Observant6a (17.1%)13a (27.1%)6a (24.0%)25a (23.1%)
Religious/orthodox13a (37.1%)20a (29.4%)12a (44.4%)45b (34.6%)
Parental statusNot a parent4a (10.5%)9a (21.4%)13b (54.2%)26 (25.0%)0.847
Has children39a (24.9%)64a (25.8%)25a (29.8%)128 (25.9%)
Medical specialtyAnesthesiology, Intensive Care and Emergency medicine23a (27.4%)36a,b (22.9%)23b (37.7%)82 (27.2%)0.301
Other*20a (17.2%)35a (26.3%)14a (31.1%)69 (23.5%)
Time of last ACLS courseNever or more than 2 years32a (23.0%)55a (27.5%)23b (44.2%)110 (28.1%)0.079
Less than 2 years12a (19.0%)18a (19.8%)15a (26.8%)45 (21.4%)
Prefer not to take risksDisagree14 a (26.9%)24a (30.4%)19a (42.2%)57 (32.4%)0.014
Agree or don’t know29a (19.9%)47a (22.2%)19a (30.2%)95 (22.6%)
CharacteristicIsrael Med (IQR, min-max)Indonesia Med (IQR, min-max)Mexico Med (IQR, min-max)Total Med (IQR, min-max)P value 
Age40 (17, 28–66)39 (15, 28–69)36 (19, 28–69)39 (15, 28–69)0.955 
Years practicing medicine16 (17, 1–40)12 (18, 1–44)11 (23, 3–44)12 (17, 1–44)0.619 
Years practicing emergency medicine8 (18, 0–30)5 (8, 0–30)2 (5, 0–30)4 (10, 0–30)0.092 
Knowledge score (Scale 1–5)3 (1, 1–5)2 (1, 1–5)3 (1, 1–4)3 (1, 1–5)0.979 
Patient oriented assessment of the preference for sanctity vs. quality of life1 (Scale 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)0.005 
Self-assessment of the preference for sanctity vs. quality of life1 (Scale 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)3 (2, 1–5)5 (0, 3–5)4 (2, 1–5)< 0.001 
  1. Note: While 158 participants indicated they would not initiate CPR, total number of participants on different background characteristics may vary due to missing data on these variables
  2. Numbers within parenthesis indicate percentages of participants deciding not to initiate CPR within each background characteristic. a,b indicates statistically significant differences (p < .05) between countries in characteristic’s category, using the Z-test for independent groups proportions. P indicates Chi-Square or Fisher (2X2 tables) of characteristic’s category comparison regardless participant country
  3. * Internal Medicine, General Surgery, Pediatrics
  4. Note: 1higher rating on this scale indicates preference for quality of life
  5. Decimal values greater than or equal to 0.5 were rounded to the closest whole higher value. Decimal values less than 0.5 were rounded to the closest whole lower value