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Table 1 Study descriptors

From: A scoping review of reporting ‘Ethical Research Practices’ in research conducted among refugees and war-affected populations in the Arab world

Variable Categories Frequency Percent
Publication year 2000–01 9 5.5
2002–03 16 9.8
2004–05 14 8.5
2006–07 20 12.2
2008–09 21 12.8
2010–11 24 14.6
2012–13 60 36.6
Country Palestine 56 34.1
Lebanon 29 17.7
Sudan 28 17.1
Jordan 26 15.9
Othersa 25 15.2
Research participants Composition Internally displaced 91 55.5
Refugees 65 39.6
Othersb 8 4.9
Age groups Adults/older adults 108 65.9
Children 30 18.3
All age groups 26 15.9
Research characteristics Discipline Public Health 103 62.8
Social 34 20.7
Biomedical 12 7.3
Othersc 15 9.1
Methodology Quantitative 94 57.3
Qualitative 56 34.1
Mixed methods 14 8.5
Other descriptors First author affiliation Arab 82 50.0
Non-Arab 82 50.0
Author collaboration National 34 20.7
Regional 5 3.0
International 83 50.6
Solo author 42 25.6
Funding sources International 51 31.1
UN Organizations 5 3.0
Mixedd 12 7.3
No funding 7 4.3
Not mentioned 81 49.4
Journal type National 2 1.2
Regional 13 7.9
International 149 90.9
Journal submission guidelines Code of ethics requirement 115 70.6
No requirement 48 29.4
Ethical research conduct Institutional approval Yes IRB/ REC 50 30.5
Otherse 29 17.7
Total 79 48.2
No/ Not mentioned 85 51.8
Access to the community/research site Yes 90 54.9
Not mentioned 74 45.1
Informed consent and/or assent Yes 88 53.7
Not mentioned 76 46.3
  1. aOther countries include Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, KSA, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Somalia, Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen and a combination of 2 or more Arab States together
  2. bOther research populations include special interest groups such as health care professionals
  3. cExample of other study types include anthropological studies
  4. dMixed funding includes concurrent funding from several sources such as the WHO and academic institutions
  5. fOther institutional approval types include Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health