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Table 7 Attitudes of bioethics scholars towards the use of empirical researcha

From: The use of empirical research in bioethics: a survey of researchers in twelve European countries

  All respondents (N = 200) All empirical researchers (N = 175) Integrators of Normative and Empirical (N = 62)b Non-Integrators of Normative and Empirical (N = 113)
  n % N % n % n %
I find it positive that empirical research is done in the field of bioethicsc 189 94.5 170 97.1 62 100 108 95.6
Empirical research is valuable in describing the context of an ethical problem 193 96.5 169 96.6 61 98.4 108 95.6
Empirical research is valuable for normative analysisc 156 78.0 140 80.0 56 90.3 84 74.3*
There is/are clear method(s) to integrate empirical findings into normative analysis 57 28.5 50 28.6 16 25.8 34 30.1
I fear that the trend towards empirical research in bioethics is leading bioethics away from normative work 48 24.0 39 22.3 11 17.7 28 24.8
Bioethics needs its own empirical research Methodologyc 85 42.5 76 43.4 23 37.1 53 46.9
Researchers in the field of bioethics should have the skills to interpret empirical findings 186 93.0 162 92.6 56 90.3 106 93.8
Researchers in the field of bioethics should have the skills to conduct their own empirical researchc 110 55.0 100 57.1 30 48.4 70 61.9
  1. aRespondents answering ‘strongly agree’ or ‘agree’ within each category
  2. b‘Integrators of normative and empirical’ was defined as respondents who answered positive to the question: “Have you ever carried out a study to integrate empirical research findings and normative analysis”
  3. *p ≤ 0.05. p-value based on Chi2 test were run for selected questions (c) based on descriptive responses. We compared ‘integrators’ and ‘non-integrators’ of empirical research methods. Bonferroni correction applied for multiple testing