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Table 7 Reciprocity indices for Polish and US students having and not having a family member working as a physician

From: Does growing up with a physician influence the ethics of medical students’ relationships with the pharmaceutical industry? The cases of the US and Poland

Reciprocity index US POLAND
Students who have a physician as a family member Students who do not have a physician as a family member All students Students who have a physician as a family member Students who do not have a physician as a family member All students
Very good collaborator 17.3% 19.5% 18.8% 34.7% 23.5% 27.0%
Good collaborator 19.5% 33.6% 29.5% 26.9% 35.4% 32.8%
Weak opponent 28.6% 27.4% 27.7% 25.1% 27.7% 27.0%
Strong opponent 34.6% 19.5% 23.9% 13.2% 13.2% 13.2%
Sum 100% (n = 133) 100% (n = 318) 100% (N = 451) 100% (n = 167) 100% (n = 378) 100% (N = 545)
  1. US: X 2 (3, N = 451) = 15.5, p = .01
  2. PL: X 2 (3, N = 545) = 8.2, p < .05