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Table 4 Responses to general questions about support for animal research

From: The ethics of animal research: a survey of the public and scientists in North America

Question Group Yes No I have never thought about whether AR should be supported
In order to achieve human benefits, research that results in harm to animals (such as pain, suffering and early death) should be supported.a Public 569/1303 (44 %) 550/1303 (42 %) 184/1303 (14 %)
Medical School 168/209 (80 %) 23/209 (11 %) 18/209 (9 %)
Considering all the arguments and responses in this survey, we want to ask you again.a,b Public 502/1213 (41 %) 711/1213 (60 %) -
Medical School 128/161 (80 %) 33/161 (20 %) -
Of those who originally said “yes” or “have never thought about whether to support AR”. Public - 229/692 (33 %) -
Medical School - 22/148 (15 %) -
What is it about vulnerable humans (for example babies, severely brain damaged people, people with very advanced Alzheimers) that makes it wrong to use them in experiments?a These vulnerable humans are able to experience things like pleasure, joy, happiness, sadness, pain, and suffering These humans are vulnerable to physical and psychological harm; using them in experiments is harmful for them We care about them They are still human
Public 268/1188 (23 %) 208/1188 (18 %) 125/1188 (11 %) 587/1188 (49 %)
Medical School 18/161 (11 %) 33/161 (20 %) 14/161 (9 %) 96/161 (60 %)
  1. aStatistically significant difference between public and medical students (p < 0.05 after Bonferroni correction). bClinically significant difference between public and medical students (statistically significant, and a clear majority of at least 60 % on opposite sides of the yes/no response option)