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Table 1 Categories of research risk [3, 12, 23]

From: Informed consent in paediatric critical care research – a South African perspective

Research category Benefit Example
1. Not greater than minimal risk interventions Unlikely to be individual benefit Additional testing on routinely collected specimens
Likely to yield generalisable knowledge
2. Interventions posing minor increase over minimal risk No direct benefit to individual child participant Drawing blood for analysis
Likely to yield generalisable knowledge
3. Interventions posing greater than minimal risk Possibility of direct benefit to individual child participant Clinical drug trials
Will yield generalisable knowledge