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Table 3 Medical students opinions on Euthanasia, withdrawal of artificial life support, abortion for congenital abnormalities and abortion for failed contraception

From: Medical students and controversial ethical issues: results from the multicenter study SBRAME

Ethical issue OR 95% CI p
Euthanasia a
  Number of medical students in the university 1.002 1.000-1.003 0.005
  Year of medical School foundation 1.007 1.001-1.013 0.029
  Intrinsic religiousness 0.922 0.886-0.959 <0.001
  Religious attendance 0.678 0.616-0.746 <0.001
  Believe in soul 0.573 0.383-0.858 0.007
  Desired Medical specialty    
   Internal medicine 1.000   
   Gynecology/obstetrics 0.794 0.523-1.205 0.278
   Pediatrics 0.635 0.443-0.909 0.013
   Surgery 1.065 0.817-1.388 0.641
   Other 1.068 0.825-1.381 0.619
  Religious affiliation    
   No affiliation 1.000   
   Evangelical 0.791 0.508-1.232 0.300
   Catholics 1.063 0.808-1.398 0.661
   Spiritist 0.533 0.381-0.746 <0.001
   Other 1.132 0.778-1.649 0.517
Withdrawal of artificial life support b
  Gender (Female) 0.819 0.681-0.986 0.035
  Location of the university (urban) 1.308 1.090-1.571 0.004
  Income 1.111 1.019-1.211 0.017
  Intrinsic religiousness 0.936 0.905-0.968 <0.001
  Religious attendance 0.733 0.673-0.798 <0.001
Abortion for congenital abnormalities c
  Age 1.039 1.009-1.069 0.009
  Year of medical School foundation 1.009 1.003-1,014 0.003
  Intrinsic religiousness 0.918 0.883-0.954 <0.001
  Religious attendance 0.725 0.660-0.797 <0.001
  Non-organizational religiousness 0.921 0.858-0.989 0.024
  Desired Medical specialty    
   Internal medicine 1.000   
   Gynecology/obstetrics 1.311 0.885-1.942 0.176
   Pediatrics 0.877 0.629-1.222 0.437
   Surgery 1.485 1.156-1.906 0.002
   Other 1.102 0.866-1.402 0.430
Abortion for failed contraception d
  Type of university (Public) 0.665 0.535-0.826 <0.001
  Intrinsic religiousness 0.909 0.874-0.947 <0.001
  Religious attendance 0.804 0.723-0.894 <0.001
  Belief in life after death 0.648 0.487-0.864 0.003
  Religious affiliation    
   No affiliation 1.000   
   Evangelical 0.667 0.400-1.113 0.121
   Catholics 0.719 0.540-0.957 0.024
   Spiritist 0.523 0.354-0.773 0.001
   Other 1.159 0.790-1.698 0.451
  1. aHosmer-Lemeshow: 10.427, p = 0.236, Nagelkerke R square = 0.239.
  2. bHosmer-Lemeshow: 5.856, p = 0.663, Nagelkerke R square = 0.130.
  3. cHosmer-Lemeshow: 12.605, p = 0.126, Nagelkerke R square = 0.181.
  4. dHosmer-Lemeshow: 10.308, p = 0.244, Nagelkerke R square = 0.166.
  5. Variables: gender, age, race, undergraduate year, Number of medical students in the university, type of university (public or private), Year of medical School foundation, income, location of the university (urban or rural), intrinsic religiousness, religiousness attendance, non-organizational religiousness, happiness, satisfaction with the course, believe in life after death, believe in soul, religious affiliation and desired medical specialty.