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Table 1 Percieved occurrence of various aspects of scientific misconduct in the workplace

From: Misconduct in research: a descriptive survey of attitudes, perceptions and associated factors in a developing country

  Never Seldom Occasionally Frequently *Total no of resp. +Non resp.
Plagiarism 15 (11.5%) 39 (29.7%) 65 (49.6%) 12 (9.2%) 131 2
Falsifying data 12 (9.1%) 40 (30.3%) 62 (47.0%) 18 (13.6%) 132 1
Intentional protocol violations related to subject enrolment 16 (12.5%) 51 (39.8%) 48 (37.5%) 13 (10.2%) 128 5
Intentional protocol violations related to procedures 18 (14.3%) 49 (38.9%) 46 (36.5%) 13 (10.3%) 126 7
Selective dropping of data from ‘outlier’ cases 17 (13.6%) 41 (32.8%) 52 (41.6%) 15 (12.0%) 125 8
Falsification of biosketch, resume, reference list 29 (23%) 52 (41.3%) 34 (27.0%) 11 (8.7%) 126 7
Disagreements about authorship 22 (16.7%) 61(46.2%) 39 (29.5%) 10 (7.6%) 132 1
Pressure from study sponsor (e.g. pharmaceutical company or device company) to engage in unethical practices 48 (38.4%) 42 (33.6%) 31 (24.8%) 4 (3.2%) 125 8
  1. *Total no of resp. = Total number of responses to the question.
  2. +Non resp = Total number of non responses to the question.