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Table 4 Proportion who answer that they strongly agree or agree with claims about actions and behavior in scientific research given in percent

From: Scientific dishonesty—a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway

Questions Bergen Oslo 1 Oslo 2 Tromsø Trondheim All Norway
It is never appropriate to report experimental data that have been created without actually having conducted the experiment. 94,7 91,1 83,3 93,8 87,5 90,3
It is never appropriate to alter experimental data to make an experiment look better than it actually was. 100 93,5 90,3 100 97,5 96,3
It is never appropriate to try a variety of different methods of analysis until one is found that yields a result that is statistically significant. 68,4 47,8 51,6 73,3 71,8 62
It is never appropriate to take credit for the words or writing of someone else. 91,9 91,3 96,8 100 97,5 95,2
It is never appropriate to take credit for the data generated by someone else. 81,6 82,2 90,3 93,5 95 88,1
It is never appropriate to take credit for the ideas generated by someone else. 92,1 84,4 96,7 96,9 92,3 91,8
If you were confident of your findings, it is acceptable to selectively omit contradictory results to expedite publication. 8,1 14,3 23,3 12,9 7,7 12,8
If you were confident of your findings, it is acceptable to falsify or fabricate data to expedite publication. 2,6 17,8 6,5 13,3 10 10,3
It is more important that data reporting be completely truthful in a publication than in a grant application. 28,9 38,6 30 36,7 12,8 29,3
If you witness someone committing research misconduct, you have an ethical obligation to act. 81,6 80,4 96,8 87,1 92,5 87,1
If you had witnessed a co-worker or peer committing research misconduct, you would be willing to report that misconduct to a responsible official. 78,9 78,3 80,6 80,6 77,5 79
If you had witnessed a supervisor or principal investigator committing research misconduct, you would be willing to report that misconduct to a responsible official. 71,1 75,6 80 67,7 77,5 74,5
If fabricated data are discovered in a published paper, all co-authors must equally share in the blame. 60,5 28,3 51,6 48,4 45 45,7
If fabricated data are discovered in a published paper, all co-authors must receive the same punishment. 39,5 15,2 38,7 30 25,6 28,8