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Table 4 Respondent characteristics

From: Can physicians’ judgments of futility be accepted by patients?: A comparative survey of Japanese physicians and laypeople

  Physicians Laypeople
  (n = 401) (n = 1134)
Age*   
     Mean (years) 41.6 44.5
     Range 24–87 20–69
Sex*   
     Male (%) 314 (78.3) 578 (51.0)
     Female (%) 82 (20.4) 556 (49.0)
     No answer 5 0
Religious belief*   
     Yes (%) 53 (13.2) 92 (8.1)
     No (%) 343 (85.5) 1016 (89.6)
     No answer (%) 5 (0.12) 26 (2.3)
Experienced impressions of practicing inappropriate medical treatments*   
     Yes (%) 334 (83.3) 460 (40.6)
     No (%) 60 (15.0) 674 (59.4)
     No answer (%) 7 (1.7) 0
Mean years of practice (range) 15.6 (1–67)
Specialty (%)  
     Internal medicine 192 (47.9)  
     Surgical medicine 127 (31.7)  
     Other 74 (18.5)  
     No answer 8 (2.0)  
Affiliated facility (%)  
     Clinic 17 (4.2)  
     Private hospital 151(37.7)  
     Public hospital 121 (30.2)  
     University hospital 66 (16.5)  
     Other 42 (10.5)  
     No answer 4 (1.0)  
Practical experience with end-of-life stage patients   
     Yes (%) 348 (86.8)  
     No (%) 48 (12.0)  
     No answer (%) 5 (1.2)  
Frequency of consulting with medical doctors  
     Almost every day (%)   3 (0.3)
     Several times a week (%)   20 (1.8)
     Several times a month (%)   272 (24.0)
     Several times a year (%)   563 (49.6)
     Never (%)   276 (24.3)
Most frequent medical facility of consult  
     Clinic (%)   576 (50.8)
     Private hospital (%)   226 (19.4)
     Public hospital (%)   55 (4.9)
     University hospital (%)   217 (19.1)
     Other (%)   66 (5.8)
Experienced death of a close person in the last 10 years  
     Yes (%)   778 (68.6)
     No (%)   356 (31.4)
  1. * P < 0.05.