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Table 5 Participants' main actions in dealing with the 11 pre-identified ethical issues

From: Nurse managers' experience with ethical issues in six government hospitals in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study

  Ethical issues Main action Percentage of participantsa
1. Protecting patients' rights Discuss with doctors 45.0
2. Care of patients' quality of life Discuss with doctors 44.1
3. Providing care with possible risk to own health and safety Discuss with doctors 42.4
4. Respecting informed consent by patients to treatment Discuss with doctors 66.2
5. Use of physical or chemical restraints on patients Discuss with doctors 65.4
6. Determining when death occurs Discuss with doctors 79.8
7. Prolonging dying process without appropriate reason Discuss with doctors 79.3
8. Hiding information regarding patients' actual condition from patients or family Discuss with doctors 67.7
9. Working with unethical or incompetent colleague Discuss with other nurses 34.3
10. Problems of staffing that limit patients' access to nursing care Refer to the hospital's management team 40.9
11. Problems of medical resource management that limit patients' access to nursing care Refer to the hospital's management team 40.3
  1. aPercentage of participants that selected the main action