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Table 3 The 11 pre-identified ethical issues: mean importance and mean stress scores

From: Nurse managers' experience with ethical issues in six government hospitals in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study

No. Ethical issues Mean importance
scorea
Mean importance rating Mean stress
scoreb
Mean stress rating
1. Protecting patients' rights 3.82 1 1.73 11
2. Care of patients' quality of life 3.79 2 1.84 10
3. Providing care with possible risks to own health and safety 3.77 3 2.37 5c
4. Respecting informed consent by patients to treatment 3.57 4 1.94 9
5. Use of physical or chemical restraints on patients 2.78 7 2.07 8
6. Determining when death occurs 2.35 9 2.19 7
7. Prolonging dying process without appropriate reason 2.04 11 2.37 5c
8. Hiding information regarding patients' actual condition from patients or family 2.28 10 2.43 4
9. Working with unethical or incompetent colleague 2.44 8 3.10 1
10. Problems of staffing that limit patients' access to nursing care 3.18 5 2.87 2
11. Problems of medical resource management that limit patients' access to nursing care 3.13 6 2.77 3
  1. aBased on scale of 1 to 4: 1 = not important, 2 = slightly important, 3 = important, 4 = very important
  2. bBased on scale of 1 to 4: 1 = not stressful, 2 = slightly stressful, 3 = stressful, 4 = very stressful
  3. cSame rank because of equal mean