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Table 4 Who to Disclose Medical Error to Patients According to Personal Preference and Perceptions of Norm and Current Practice

From: Which medical error to disclose to patients and by whom? Public preference and perceptions of norm and current practice

  Any employee Any physician At-fault-physician Manager of at-fault-physician Medical director Chief executive director
Preference [867] 16 (1.8) 105 (12.1) 518 (59.7) 133 (15.3) 54 (6.2) 41 (4.7)
Perception of Norm [878] 25 (2.8) 120 (13.7) 502 (57.2) 147 (16.7) 46 (5.2) 38 (4.3)
Perception of Practice [758] 74 (9.8) 238 (31.4) 258 (34.0) 99 (13.1) 43 (5.7) 46 (6.1)
  1. "Any employee", "any physician", "at-fault-physician", "manager of at-fault-physician", "medical director", and "chief executive director" correspond, respectively, to statements 1 to 6 in Table 1(b). Numbers between [·] represent the number of responses. Data indicate the number (%) of respondents who chose the corresponding statement. Chi square test for the null hypothesis of random distribution was significant (P < 0.001) for each of the three questionnaires. Kendall's W coefficient of concordance (comparing the choices in the 3 questionnaires) was 0.075 (P < 0.001). Wilcoxon signed ranks test: preference vs. perception of norm, P = 0.33; preference vs. perception of current practice, p < 0.001; perception of norm vs. perception of current practice, P < 0.001.
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