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  1. As more people are living longer, they become frail and are affected by multi-morbidity, resulting in increased demands from the ambulance service. Being vulnerable, older patients may have reduced decision-ma...

    Authors: Bodil Holmberg, Anna Bennesved and Anders Bremer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:60
  2. Ethical decision‑making and behavior of nurses are major factors that can affect the quality of nursing care. Moral development of nurses to making better ethical decision-making is an essential element for ma...

    Authors: Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Aliakbar Koohi, Abbas Ebadi and Amir Vahedian-Azimi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:58
  3. An increasing number of studies on physicians’ professionalism have been done since the 2002 publication of Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium: A Physician Charter. The Charter proposed three fundament...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Qiu-xia Yang, Rui Zhang, Yan Tan and Yu-chen Long
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:57
  4. Little is known about communication between patients, families, and healthcare providers regarding ethical concerns that patients and families experience in the course of illness and medical care. To address t...

    Authors: Mariam Noorulhuda, Christine Grady, Paul Wakim, Talia Bernhard, Hae Lin Cho and Marion Danis
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:56
  5. The use of long-term life-sustaining technology for children improves survival rates in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs), but it may also increase long-term morbidity. One example of this is children wh...

    Authors: Denise Alexander, Mary Quirke, Carmel Doyle, Katie Hill, Kate Masterson and Maria Brenner
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:55

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:67

  6. Although the Covid-19 epidemic challenged existing medical care norms and practices, it was no excuse for unlawful conduct. On the contrary, legal compliance proved essential in fighting the pandemic. Within t...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Plaiasu, Dragos Ovidiu Alexandru and Codrut Andrei Nanu
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:54
  7. Over the last few decades biobanks have been recognised as institutions that may revolutionise biomedical research and the development of personalised medicine. Poland, however, still lacks clear regulations r...

    Authors: Jan Domaradzki, Justyna Czekajewska and Dariusz Walkowiak
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:53
  8. Although the Life-Sustaining Treatment (LST) Decision Act was enforced in 2018 in Korea, data on whether it is well established in actual clinical settings are limited. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a c...

    Authors: Ae-Rin Baek, Sang-Bum Hong, Soohyun Bae, Hye Kyeong Park, Changhwan Kim, Hyun-Kyung Lee, Woo Hyun Cho, Jin Hyoung Kim, Youjin Chang, Heung Bum Lee, Hyun-Il Gil, Beomsu Shin, Kwang Ha Yoo, Jae Young Moon, Jee Youn Oh, Kyung Hoon Min…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:52
  9. It is widely acknowledged that trust plays an important role for the acceptability of data sharing practices in research and healthcare, and for the adoption of new health technologies such as AI. Yet there is...

    Authors: Angeliki Kerasidou and Charalampia (Xaroula) Kerasidou
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:51

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:77

  10. Institutional review boards (IRBs) are formally designated to review, approve, and monitor biomedical research. They are responsible for ensuring that researchers comply with the ethical guidelines concerning ...

    Authors: Areej AlFattani, Norah AlBedah, Asma AlShahrani, Ammar Alkawi, Amani AlMeharish, Yasmin Altwaijri, Abeer Omar, M. Zuheir AlKawi and Asim Khogeer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:50
  11. It has been argued that ethics review committees—e.g., Research Ethics Committees, Institutional Review Boards, etc.— have weaknesses in reviewing big data and artificial intelligence research. For instance, t...

    Authors: Francis McKay, Bethany J. Williams, Graham Prestwich, Daljeet Bansal, Darren Treanor and Nina Hallowell
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:49
  12. Healthcare providers have to make ethically complex clinical decisions which may be a source of stress. Researchers have recently introduced Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based applications to assist in clinica...

    Authors: Lasse Benzinger, Frank Ursin, Wolf-Tilo Balke, Tim Kacprowski and Sabine Salloch
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:48
  13. Biobanking biospecimens and consent are common practice in paediatric research. We need to explore children and young people’s (CYP) knowledge and perspectives around the use of and consent to biobanking. This...

    Authors: Fabian J. S. van der Velden, Emma Lim, Lily Gills, Jasmin Broadey, Louise Hayes, Eve Roberts, Jack Courtney, Joanne Ball, Jethro Herberg, Rachel Galassini and Marieke Emonts
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:47
  14. Dementia care is essential to promote the well-being of patients but remains a difficult task prone to ethical issues. These issues include questions like whether manipulating a person with dementia is ethical...

    Authors: Sigurd Lauridsen, Frederik Schou-Juul, Anna Paldam Folker, Peter Simonsen, Marie-Elisabeth Phil and Sofie Smedegaard Skov
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:45
  15. Pregnant people have been overlooked or excluded from clinical research, resulting in a lack of scientific knowledge on medication safety and efficacy during pregnancy. Thus far, both the opportunities to gene...

    Authors: Marieke J Hollestelle, Rieke van der Graaf, Miriam CJM Sturkenboom and Johannes JM van Delden
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:44
  16. Literature on issues relating to comprehension during the process of obtaining informed consent (IC) has largely focused on the challenges potential participants can face in understanding the IC documents, and...

    Authors: Nkosi Busisiwe, Janet Seeley, Ann Strode and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:43
  17. Despite the recognition that developing artificial intelligence (AI) that is trustworthy is necessary for public acceptability and the successful implementation of AI in healthcare contexts, perspectives from ...

    Authors: Rachel Dlugatch, Antoniya Georgieva and Angeliki Kerasidou
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:42
  18. The COVID-19 pandemic causes moral challenges and moral distress for healthcare professionals and, due to an increased work load, reduces time and opportunities for clinical ethics support services. Neverthele...

    Authors: Mark L. van Zuylen, Janine C. de Snoo-Trimp, Suzanne Metselaar, Dave A. Dongelmans and Bert Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:40
  19. Professionalism is a crucial component of medical practice. It is a culturally sensitive notion that generally consists of behaviors, values, communication, and relationships. This study is a qualitative study...

    Authors: Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Noura Abouammoh, Nasriah Zakaria, Abdullah MA Ahmed, Omar Kasule, Dina M Aldosari, Nora A AlSahli, Mohammed Ghatar Alshibani and Gominda Ponnamperuma
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:39
  20. Self-binding directives (SBDs) are psychiatric advance directives that include the possibility for service users to consent in advance to compulsory care in future mental health crises. Legal provisions for SB...

    Authors: Laura van Melle, Lia van der Ham, Yolande Voskes, Guy Widdershoven and Matthé Scholten
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:38
  21. Moral distress has been described as moral constraints and uncertainty connected with guilty feelings of being unable to give care in accordance with one’s values for good care. Various instruments to measure ...

    Authors: Catarina Fischer-Grönlund, Margareta Brännström and Ulf Isaksson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:35
  22. We would like to respond to the article “Organ donation after euthanasia starting at home in a patient with multiple system atrophy Tajaâte et al., [2021] 22:120” on organ donation after euthanasia from home [...

    Authors: Johannes Mulder and Hans Sonneveld
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:34

    The original article was published in BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:120

    The Matters Arising to this article has been published in BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:33

  23. We would like to respond to the comment we received from our colleagues on our case report about organ donation after euthanasia starting at home. We reply to their statements on medical and legal aspects, and...

    Authors: Najat Tajaâte, Nathalie van Dijk, Elien Pragt, David Shaw, A Kempener-Deguelle, Wim de Jongh, Jan Bollen and Walther van Mook
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:33

    The original article was published in BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:34

  24. While reporting of individual conflicts of interest is formalised, it is unclear to what extent the funding of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is formally reported. The aim of this study is to explore the ...

    Authors: Hendrik Napierala, Angela Schuster, Sabine Gehrke-Beck and Christoph Heintze
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:32
  25. Mental healthcare users and patients were described as a particularly vulnerable group in the debate on the burdens of the COVID-19 pandemic. Just what this means and what normative conclusions can be derived ...

    Authors: Mirjam Faissner, Anna Werning, Michael Winkelkötter, Holger Foullois, Michael Löhr and Jakov Gather
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:31
  26. Moral distress appears when a healthcare professional is not able to carry out actions in accordance with their professional ethical standards. The Moral Distress Scale-Revised is the most widely used to asses...

    Authors: L Galiana, C Moreno-Mulet, A Carrero-Planells, C López-Deflory, P García-Pazo, M Nadal-Servera and N Sansó
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:30
  27. Research on the impact of ethics reflection groups (ERG) (also called moral case deliberations (MCD)) is complex and scarce. Within a larger study, two years of ERG sessions have been used as an intervention t...

    Authors: Bert Molewijk, Reidar Pedersen, Almar Kok, Reidun Førde and Olaf Aasland
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:29
  28. It has not been established how to assess children’s and adolescents’ decision-making capacity (DMC) and there has been little discussion on the way their decision-making (DM). The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Kyoko Tanaka, Maoko Hayakawa, Makiko Mori, Naoko Maeda, Masako Nagata and Keizo Horibe
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:28
  29. In 2021, federal rules from the 21st Century Cures Act mandated most clinical notes be made available in real-time, online, and free of charge to patients, a practice often referred to as “open notes.” This le...

    Authors: Chad Childers, Jonathan Marron, Elaine C. Meyer and Gregory A. Abel
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:27
  30. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the reformed guardianship law in Germany, require that persons with a disability, including people with dementia in Alzheimer’s disease (PwAD),...

    Authors: Janina Florack, Christina Abele, Stefanie Baisch, Simon Forstmeier, Daniel Garmann, Martin Grond, Ingmar Hornke, Tarik Karakaya, Jonas Karneboge, Boris Knopf, Gregor Lindl, Tanja Müller, Frank Oswald, Nathalie Pfeiffer, David Prvulovic, Aoife Poth…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:26
  31. The overarching aim of this article is to scrutinize how severity can work as a qualifier for the moral impetus of malady. While there is agreement that malady is of negative value, there is disagreement about pr...

    Authors: Carl Tollef Solberg, Mathias Barra, Lars Sandman and Bjørn Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:25
  32. The worldwide increase in older persons demands technological solutions to combat the shortage of caregiving and to enable aging in place. Smart home health technologies (SHHTs) are promoted and implemented as...

    Authors: Nadine Andrea Felber, Yi Jiao (Angelina) Tian, Félix Pageau, Bernice Simone Elger and Tenzin Wangmo
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:24
  33. Research is crucial to improve treatment, survival and quality of life for children with cancer. However, recruitment of children for research raises ethical challenges. The aim of this study was to explore an...

    Authors: Kajsa Norbäck, Anna T. Höglund, Tove Godskesen and Sara Frygner-Holm
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:23
  34. Voluntary assisted dying became lawful in Victoria, the first Australian state to permit this practice, in 2019 via the Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2017 (Vic). While conscientious objection by individual health ...

    Authors: Ben P. White, Ruthie Jeanneret, Eliana Close and Lindy Willmott
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:22
  35. Decisions about appropriate treatment at the end of life are common in modern healthcare. Non-treatment decisions (NTDs), comprising both withdrawal and withholding of (potentially) life-prolonging treatment are ...

    Authors: David Wikstøl, Morten Andreas Horn, Reidar Pedersen and Morten Magelssen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:20
  36. Despite consensus about the importance of implementing shared decision-making (SDM) in clinical practice, this ideal is inconsistently enacted today. Evidence shows that SDM practices differ in the degree of i...

    Authors: Vinurshia Sellaiah, Federica Merlo, Roberto Malacrida, Emiliano Albanese and Marta Fadda
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:19
  37. This study aimed to identify the healthcare providers’ experience and perspectives toward end-of-life care decisions focusing on end-of-life discussion and physician’s order of life-sustaining treatment docume...

    Authors: Hyeon-Su Im, Insook Lee, Shinmi Kim, Jong Soo Lee, Ju-Hee Kim, Jae Young Moon, Byung Kyu Park, Kyung Hee Lee, Myung Ah Lee, Sanghoon Han, Yoonki Hong, Hyeyeoung Kim, Jaekyung Cheon and Su-Jin Koh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:18
  38. Given that biases can distort bioethics work, it has received surprisingly little and fragmented attention compared to in other fields of research. This article provides an overview of potentially relevant bia...

    Authors: Bjørn Hofmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:17
  39. Emergency separation of conjoined twins is performed when one twin is already dead or dying and threatens the survival of the other. The particular decision to perform an emergency separation of conjoined twin...

    Authors: Andi Ade Wijaya Ramlan, Raihanita Zahra, Kshetra Rinaldhy, Christopher Kapuangan, Rahendra, Komang Ayu Ferdiana and Ahmad Yani
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:16
  40. We present the reflections of three clinical practitioners on ethical considerations when caring for individuals experiencing incarceration needing in-patient hospital services. We examine the challenges and c...

    Authors: Markus Eichelberger, Maria M. Wertli and Nguyen Toan Tran
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:13
  41. Although patient advocates have developed templates for standard consent forms, evaluating patient preferences for first in human (FIH) and window of opportunity (Window) trial consent forms is critical due to...

    Authors: Anna M. Avinger, Hannah Claire Sibold, Gavin Campbell, Eli Abernethy, John Bourgeois, Tekiah McClary, Shannon Blee, Margie Dixon, R. Donald Harvey and Rebecca D. Pentz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:12
  42. The COVID-19 pandemic presents significant challenges to research ethics committees (RECs) in balancing urgency of review of COVID-19 research with careful consideration of risks and benefits. In the African c...

    Authors: Theresa Burgess, Stuart Rennie and Keymanthri Moodley
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2023 24:11

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