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  1. Community engagement has been recognised as an important aspect of the ethical conduct of biomedical research, especially when research is focused on ethnically or culturally distinct populations. While this i...

    Authors: Paulina Tindana, Jantina de Vries, Megan Campbell, Katherine Littler, Janet Seeley, Patricia Marshall, Jennifer Troyer, Morisola Ogundipe, Vincent Pius Alibu, Aminu Yakubu and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:24
  2. Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problemat...

    Authors: Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann and Jan Schildmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:20
  3. In 2008, researchers reported that Timothy Brown (the ‘Berlin Patient’), a man with HIV infection and leukemia, received a stem-cell transplant that removed HIV from his body as far as can be detected. In 2013...

    Authors: Stuart Rennie, Mark Siedner, Joseph D Tucker and Keymanthri Moodley
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:18
  4. Conscientious objection (CO) to participating in induced abortion is not present in the Finnish health care system or legislation unlike in many other European countries.

    Authors: Petteri Nieminen, Saara Lappalainen, Pauliina Ristimäki, Markku Myllykangas and Anne-Mari Mustonen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:17
  5. The importance of the hidden curriculum is recognised as a practical training ground for the absorption of medical ethics by healthcare professionals. Pakistan’s healthcare sector is hampered by the exclusion ...

    Authors: Sara Rizvi Jafree, Rubeena Zakar, Florian Fischer and Muhammad Zakria Zakar
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:16
  6. Despite the increased prevalence of bioethics research that seeks to use empirical data to answer normative research questions, there is no consensus as to what an appropriate methodology for this would be. Th...

    Authors: Rachel Davies, Jonathan Ives and Michael Dunn
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:15
  7. Many publicly-funded health systems apply cost-benefit frameworks in response to the moral dilemma of how best to allocate scarce healthcare resources. However, implementation of recommendations based on costs...

    Authors: Neil McHugh, Rachel M Baker, Helen Mason, Laura Williamson, Job van Exel, Rohan Deogaonkar, Marissa Collins and Cam Donaldson
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:14
  8. In our time there is growing interest in developing a systematic approach to oncologic patients and end-of-life care. An important goal within this domain is to identify the values and ethical norms that guide...

    Authors: Uría Guevara-López, Myriam M Altamirano-Bustamante and Carlos Viesca-Treviño
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:11
  9. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is one of the world’s leading humanitarian medical organizations. The increased emphasis in MSF on research led to the creation of an ethics review board (ERB) in 2001. The ERB h...

    Authors: Doris Schopper, Angus Dawson, Ross Upshur, Aasim Ahmad, Amar Jesani, Raffaella Ravinetto, Michael J Segelid, Sunita Sheel and Jerome Singh
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:10
  10. There have been few empirical studies into what non-medical factors influence physicians and nurses when deciding about admission and discharge of ICU patients. Information about the attitudes of healthcare pr...

    Authors: Anke JM Oerlemans, Nelleke van Sluisveld, Eric SJ van Leeuwen, Hub Wollersheim, Wim JM Dekkers and Marieke Zegers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:9
  11. The Dutch law states that a physician may perform euthanasia according to a written advance euthanasia directive (AED) when a patient is incompetent as long as all legal criteria of due care are met. This may ...

    Authors: Pauline SC Kouwenhoven, Natasja JH Raijmakers, Johannes JM van Delden, Judith AC Rietjens, Donald G van Tol, Suzanne van de Vathorst, Nienke de Graeff, Heleen AM Weyers, Agnes van der Heide and Ghislaine JMW van Thiel
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:7
  12. Euthanasia remains controversial in Canada and an issue of debate among physicians. Most studies have explored the opinion of health professionals regarding its legalization, but have not investigated their in...

    Authors: Mireille Lavoie, Gaston Godin, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Danielle Blondeau, Isabelle Martineau and Louis Roy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:6
  13. Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) involve procedures such as randomisation, blinding, and placebo use, which are not part of standard medical care. Patients asked to participate in RCTs often experience diffic...

    Authors: Tapani Keränen, Arja Halkoaho, Emmi Itkonen and Anna-Maija Pietilä
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:2
  14. For decades, the discussion on children’s competence to consent to medical issues has concentrated around normative concerns, with little progress in clinical practices. Decision-making competence is an import...

    Authors: Irma M Hein, Pieter W Troost, Alice Broersma, Martine C de Vries, Joost G Daams and Ramón J L Lindauer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2015 16:1
  15. Benefit sharing in health research has been the focus of international debates for many years, particularly in developing countries. Whilst increasing attention is being given to frameworks that can guide rese...

    Authors: Dorcas M Kamuya, Vicki Marsh, Patricia Njuguna, Patrick Munywoki, Michael Parker and Sassy Molyneux
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:90
  16. This article outlines procedures for the feedback of individual research data to participants. This feedback framework was developed in the context of a personalized medicine research project in Canada. Resear...

    Authors: Adrian Thorogood, Yann Joly, Bartha Maria Knoppers, Tommy Nilsson, Peter Metrakos, Anthoula Lazaris and Ayat Salman
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:88
  17. Policymaking is both an art and a science. It is a long process of research, debate and consensus (where possible). The elaboration of the Framework for Responsible Sharing of Genomic and Health-Related Data serv...

    Authors: Bartha M Knoppers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:87
  18. Medical students(MS) will face ethical issues throughout their lives as doctors. The present study aims to investigate medical students’ opinions on controversial ethical issues and factors associated with the...

    Authors: Giancarlo Lucchetti, Leandro Romani de Oliveira, José Roberto Leite and Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:85
  19. Submission of study protocols to research ethics committees (RECs) constitutes one of the earliest stages at which planned trials are documented in detail. Previous studies have investigated the amendments req...

    Authors: Marlies van Lent, Gerard A Rongen and Henk J Out
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:83
  20. In recent years, the attention on the use of coercion in mental health care has increased. The use of coercion is common and controversial, and involves many complex ethical challenges. The research question i...

    Authors: Marit Helene Hem, Bert Molewijk and Reidar Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:82
  21. The creation of biobanks depends upon people’s willingness to donate their samples for research purposes and to agree to sample storage. Moreover, biobanks are a public good that requires active participation ...

    Authors: Corinna Porteri, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Elena Togni and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:81
  22. It has been reported by some studies that the desire to be involved in decisions concerning one’s healthcare especially with regard to obtaining informed consent is related to educational status. The purpose o...

    Authors: Kenneth Amaechi Agu, Emmanuel Ikechukwu Obi, Boniface Ikenna Eze and Wilfred Okwudili Okenwa
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:77
  23. For many decades, access to human biological samples, such as cells, tissues, organs, blood, and sub-cellular materials such as DNA, for use in biomedical research, has been central in understanding the nature...

    Authors: Paulina Tindana, Catherine S Molyneux, Susan Bull and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:76
  24. The pursuit of unproven stem cell-based interventions (“stem cell tourism”) is an emerging issue that raises various concerns. Physicians play different roles in this market, many of which engage their legal, ...

    Authors: Amy Zarzeczny and Marianne Clark
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:75
  25. Teaching ethics in public health programmes is not routine everywhere – at least not in most schools of public health in the European region. Yet empirical evidence shows that schools of public health are more...

    Authors: Peter Schröder-Bäck, Peter Duncan, William Sherlaw, Caroline Brall and Katarzyna Czabanowska
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:73
  26. Paediatric genomic research raises particularly challenging questions on whether and under what circumstances to return research results. In the paediatric context, decision-making is guided by the best intere...

    Authors: Ma’n H Zawati, David Parry and Bartha Maria Knoppers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:72
  27. Involving children in research studies requires obtaining parental permission. A school-based intervention to delay/prevent waterpipe use for 7th and 8th graders in Qatar was developed, and parental permission...

    Authors: Rima T Nakkash, Ahmad Al Mulla, Lena Torossian, Roubina Karhily, Lama Shuayb, Ziyad R Mahfoud, Ibrahim Janahi, Al Anoud Al Ansari and Rema A Afifi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:70
  28. The systematic review of reasons is a new way to obtain comprehensive information about specific ethical topics. One such review was carried out for the question of why post-trial access to trial drugs should ...

    Authors: Marcel Mertz, Neema Sofaer and Daniel Strech
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:69
  29. The debate on the ethical aspects of moral bioenhancement focuses on the desirability of using biomedical as opposed to traditional means to achieve moral betterment. The aim of this paper is to systematically...

    Authors: Jona Specker, Farah Focquaert, Kasper Raus, Sigrid Sterckx and Maartje Schermer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:67
  30. International documents on ethical conduct in clinical research have in common the principle that potential harms to research participants must be proportional to anticipated benefits. The anticipated benefits...

    Authors: Michelle GJL Habets, Johannes JM van Delden and Annelien L Bredenoord
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:66
  31. More involvement of sub-Saharan African countries in biomedical studies, specifically in genetic research, is needed to advance individualized medicine that will benefit non-European populations. Missing infra...

    Authors: Peter B Olaitan, Victoria Odesina, Samuel Ademola, Solomon O Fadiora, Odunayo M Oluwatosin and Ernst J Reichenberger
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:65
  32. Breast cancer is a major public health challenge. Organized mammography screening (OS) is considered one way to reduce breast cancer mortality. EU recommendations prone mass deployment of OS, and back in 2004,...

    Authors: Grégoire Moutel, Nathalie Duchange, Sylviane Darquy, Sandrine de Montgolfier, Frédérique Papin-Lefebvre, Odile Jullian, Jérôme Viguier and Hélène Sancho-Garnier
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:64

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