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  1. It has been reported by some studies that the desire to be involved in decisions concerning one’s healthcare especially with regard to obtaining informed consent is related to educational status. The purpose o...

    Authors: Kenneth Amaechi Agu, Emmanuel Ikechukwu Obi, Boniface Ikenna Eze and Wilfred Okwudili Okenwa
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:77
  2. For many decades, access to human biological samples, such as cells, tissues, organs, blood, and sub-cellular materials such as DNA, for use in biomedical research, has been central in understanding the nature...

    Authors: Paulina Tindana, Catherine S Molyneux, Susan Bull and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:76
  3. The pursuit of unproven stem cell-based interventions (“stem cell tourism”) is an emerging issue that raises various concerns. Physicians play different roles in this market, many of which engage their legal, ...

    Authors: Amy Zarzeczny and Marianne Clark
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:75
  4. Teaching ethics in public health programmes is not routine everywhere – at least not in most schools of public health in the European region. Yet empirical evidence shows that schools of public health are more...

    Authors: Peter Schröder-Bäck, Peter Duncan, William Sherlaw, Caroline Brall and Katarzyna Czabanowska
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:73
  5. Paediatric genomic research raises particularly challenging questions on whether and under what circumstances to return research results. In the paediatric context, decision-making is guided by the best intere...

    Authors: Ma’n H Zawati, David Parry and Bartha Maria Knoppers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:72
  6. Involving children in research studies requires obtaining parental permission. A school-based intervention to delay/prevent waterpipe use for 7th and 8th graders in Qatar was developed, and parental permission...

    Authors: Rima T Nakkash, Ahmad Al Mulla, Lena Torossian, Roubina Karhily, Lama Shuayb, Ziyad R Mahfoud, Ibrahim Janahi, Al Anoud Al Ansari and Rema A Afifi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:70
  7. The systematic review of reasons is a new way to obtain comprehensive information about specific ethical topics. One such review was carried out for the question of why post-trial access to trial drugs should ...

    Authors: Marcel Mertz, Neema Sofaer and Daniel Strech
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:69
  8. The debate on the ethical aspects of moral bioenhancement focuses on the desirability of using biomedical as opposed to traditional means to achieve moral betterment. The aim of this paper is to systematically...

    Authors: Jona Specker, Farah Focquaert, Kasper Raus, Sigrid Sterckx and Maartje Schermer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:67
  9. International documents on ethical conduct in clinical research have in common the principle that potential harms to research participants must be proportional to anticipated benefits. The anticipated benefits...

    Authors: Michelle GJL Habets, Johannes JM van Delden and Annelien L Bredenoord
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:66
  10. More involvement of sub-Saharan African countries in biomedical studies, specifically in genetic research, is needed to advance individualized medicine that will benefit non-European populations. Missing infra...

    Authors: Peter B Olaitan, Victoria Odesina, Samuel Ademola, Solomon O Fadiora, Odunayo M Oluwatosin and Ernst J Reichenberger
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:65
  11. Breast cancer is a major public health challenge. Organized mammography screening (OS) is considered one way to reduce breast cancer mortality. EU recommendations prone mass deployment of OS, and back in 2004,...

    Authors: Grégoire Moutel, Nathalie Duchange, Sylviane Darquy, Sandrine de Montgolfier, Frédérique Papin-Lefebvre, Odile Jullian, Jérôme Viguier and Hélène Sancho-Garnier
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:64
  12. The practice of making datasets publicly available for use by the wider scientific community has become firmly integrated in genomic science. One significant gap in literature around data sharing concerns how ...

    Authors: Jantina de Vries, Thomas N Williams, Kalifa Bojang, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Raymond Fitzpatrick and Michael Parker
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:62
  13. The generation of evidence is integral to the work of public health and health service providers. Traditionally, ethics has been addressed differently in research projects, compared with other forms of evidenc...

    Authors: Donald J Willison, Nancy Ondrusek, Angus Dawson, Claudia Emerson, Lorraine E Ferris, Raphael Saginur, Heather Sampson and Ross Upshur
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:61
  14. The rise of genomic studies in Africa – not least due to projects funded under H3Africa – is associated with the development of a small number of biorepositories across Africa. For the ultimate success of thes...

    Authors: Jantina de Vries, Akin Abayomi, James Brandful, Katherine Littler, Ebony Madden, Patricia Marshall, Odile Ouwe Missi Oukem-Boyer and Janet Seeley
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:60
  15. Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation has been introduced to clinical practice for several decades. It is unclear how internet and newspapers portray the use of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation. This study ...

    Authors: Yen-Yuan Chen, Likwang Chen, Yu-Hui Kao, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Tien-Shang Huang and Wen-Je Ko
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:59
  16. The Italian code of medical deontology recently approved stipulates that physicians have the duty to inform the patient of each unwanted event and its causes, and to identify, report and evaluate adverse event...

    Authors: Emanuela Turillazzi and Margherita Neri
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:57
  17. There is an ongoing expert debate with regard to financial incentives in order to increase organ supply. However, there is a lacuna of empirical studies on whether citizens would actually support financial inc...

    Authors: Julia Inthorn, Sabine Wöhlke, Fabian Schmidt and Silke Schicktanz
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:56
  18. Despite the evidence showing the promise of HIV treatment as prevention (TasP) in reducing HIV incidence, a variety of ethical questions surrounding the implementation and “scaling up” of TasP have been articu...

    Authors: Rod Knight, Will Small, Basia Pakula, Kimberly Thomson and Jean Shoveller
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:54
  19. Advance directives (ADs) are assumed to reflect the patients’ preferences, even if these are not clearly expressed. Research into whether this assumption is correct has been lacking. This study explores to wha...

    Authors: Friedemann Nauck, Matthias Becker, Claudius King, Lukas Radbruch, Raymond Voltz and Birgit Jaspers
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:52
  20. South Africa is a major hub of HIV prevention trials, with plans for a licensure trial to start in 2015. The appropriate standards of care and of prevention in HIV vaccine trials are complex and debated issues...

    Authors: Rika Moorhouse, Catherine Slack, Michael Quayle, Zaynab Essack and Graham Lindegger
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:51
  21. When mental health service users are detained under a Section of the Mental Health Act (MHA), they must remain in hospital for a specific time period. This is often against their will, as they are considered a...

    Authors: Mary Chambers, Ann Gallagher, Rohan Borschmann, Steve Gillard, Kati Turner and Xenya Kantaris
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:50
  22. In response to calls to expand the scope of research ethics to address justice in global health, recent scholarship has sought to clarify how external research actors from high-income countries might discharge...

    Authors: Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin Maung Lwin, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Francois Nosten and Bebe Loff
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:49
  23. International codes of ethics play an important role in guiding professional practice in developing countries. In the occupational health setting, codes developed by international agencies have substantial imp...

    Authors: Leslie London, Godfrey Tangwa, Reginald Matchaba-Hove, Nhlanhla Mkhize, Remi Nwabueze, Aceme Nyika and Peter Westerholm
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:48
  24. The principles of biomedical ethics – autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice – are of paradigmatic importance for framing ethical problems in medicine and for teaching ethics to medical students a...

    Authors: Markus Christen, Christian Ineichen and Carmen Tanner
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:47
  25. We previously reported a high level of information on the Austrian organ donation law in medical and non-medical students, patients and ICU nurses, whereby ICU nurses at University Hospital in Graz (n = 185) w...

    Authors: Gabriele Zettel, Angela Horvath, Ekaterina Vorobyeva, Christian Auburger, Michael Zink, Philipp Stiegler and Vanessa Stadlbauer
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:46
  26. Honesty and integrity are key attributes of an ethically competent physician. However, academic misconduct, which includes but is not limited to plagiarism, cheating, and falsifying documentation, is common in...

    Authors: Kulsoom Ghias, Ghulam Rehmani Lakho, Hamna Asim, Iqbal Syed Azam and Sheikh Abdul Saeed
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:43
  27. Over the past two decades, the promotion of collaborative partnerships involving researchers from low and middle income countries with those from high income countries has been a major development in global he...

    Authors: Elise Smith, Matthew Hunt and Zubin Master
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:42
  28. Patient outcome after serious brain injury is highly variable. Following a period of coma, some patients recover while others progress into a vegetative state (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) or minimally c...

    Authors: Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Fiona Webster, Mackenzie Graham, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Kathy Speechley, Bryan Young and Adrian M Owen
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:41
  29. Informed consent in medical practice is essential and a global standard that should be sought at all the times doctors interact with patients. Its intensity would vary depending on the invasiveness and risks a...

    Authors: Joseph Ochieng, Charles Ibingira, William Buwembo, Ian Munabi, Haruna Kiryowa, David Kitara, Paul Bukuluki, Gabriel Nzarubara and Erisa Mwaka
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:40
  30. When considering the principle of medical confidentiality, disclosure of genetic information constitutes a special case because of the impact that this information can have on the health and the lives of relat...

    Authors: Aslihan Akpinar and Nermin Ersoy
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:39
  31. Studies on informed consent to medical research conducted in low or middle-income settings have increased, including empirical investigations of consent to genetic research. We investigated voluntary participa...

    Authors: Patricia A Marshall, Clement A Adebamowo, Adebowale A Adeyemo, Temidayo O Ogundiran, Teri Strenski, Jie Zhou and Charles N Rotimi
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:38
  32. Donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, has been widely cited in media and bioethics literature on cognitive enhancement (CE) as having the potential to impro...

    Authors: Lucie Wade, Cynthia Forlini and Eric Racine
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:37
  33. A training physician has his first interaction with a pharmaceutical representative during medical school. Medical students are often provided with small gifts such as pens, calendars and books, as well as fre...

    Authors: Usman Tariq Siddiqui, Amarah Shakoor, Sarah Kiani, Farwa Ali, Maryam Sharif, Arun Kumar, Qasim Raza, Naseer Khan, Sardar Mohammed Alamzaib and Syed Farid-ul-Husnain
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:36
  34. Rapid Ethical Assessment (REA) is a form of rapid ethnographic assessment conducted at the beginning of research project to guide the consent process with the objective of reconciling universal ethical guidance ...

    Authors: Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Melanie J Newport, Thomas Addissie, Hayley MacGregor, Yeweyenhareg Feleke and Bobbie Farsides
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:35
  35. A challenge in human genome research is how to describe the populations being studied. The use of improper and/or imprecise terms has the potential to both generate and reinforce prejudices and to diminish the...

    Authors: Yasuko Takezawa, Kazuto Kato, Hiroki Oota, Timothy Caulfield, Akihiro Fujimoto, Shunwa Honda, Naoyuki Kamatani, Shoji Kawamura, Kohei Kawashima, Ryosuke Kimura, Hiromi Matsumae, Ayako Saito, Patrick E Savage, Noriko Seguchi, Keiko Shimizu, Satoshi Terao…
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:33
  36. In May 2013 a new Assisted Dying Bill was tabled in the House of Lords and is currently scheduled for a second reading in May 2014. The Bill was informed by the report of the Commission on Assisted Dying which...

    Authors: Annabel Price, Ruaidhri McCormack, Theresa Wiseman and Matthew Hotopf
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:32
  37. Clinical ethics support, in particular Moral Case Deliberation, aims to support health care providers to manage ethically difficult situations. However, there is a lack of evaluation instruments regarding outc...

    Authors: Mia Svantesson, Jan Karlsson, Pierre Boitte, Jan Schildman, Linda Dauwerse, Guy Widdershoven, Reidar Pedersen, Martijn Huisman and Bert Molewijk
    Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2014 15:30

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