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Table 1 The identified themes and descriptions

From: Withdrawing or withholding treatments in health care rationing: an interview study on ethical views and implications

Theme Description
Patients’ need for treatment How the patient’s need for a treatment affects decisions to withdraw or withhold treatments
Treatment effect in relation to alternative treatments How the treatment’s effects affect withdrawing and withholding treatments
Patient–professional communication How communication between patients and professionals affects withdrawing and withholding treatments
Patient–professional relationship How relational factors between the patient and physician affect withdrawing and withholding treatments
Healthcare responsibility The responsibilities of the healthcare system and its physicians when withdrawing and withholding treatments
Ethical values Ethical values and their relative importance when withdrawing and withholding treatments
Professional support The need for and attributes of supporting tools for physicians when withdrawing and withholding treatments
Reimbursement system Factors which describe the context in which decisions are made about withdrawing and withholding treatments