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Table 2 Direct identifiers detected in manuscripts and changes to minimize risk of reidentification of study participants

From: Data privacy protection in scientific publications: process implementation at a pharmaceutical company

Location in manuscript of direct identifier (incidence) Cause/trigger Implemented change
Body text (three manuscripts) Several direct identifiers in text proposed
Single ‘participant IDs’ used in text and footnotes of tables
Term ‘participant ID’ used for consecutive number
Inclusion of direct identifiers in text rejected
Transformed ‘participant IDs’ into consecutive numbers
‘Participant ID’ label changed to participant number to avoid misleading interpretations
Figures/listings (three manuscripts) ‘Participant IDs’ in figures (in two manuscripts)
‘Participant IDs’ in figures; use of genotype information in participant listings
Transformed ‘participant IDs’ into consecutive numbers
Transformed ‘participant IDs’ into consecutive numbers and removed genotype table
Tables (two manuscripts) ‘Participant IDs’ in table Transformed ‘participant IDs’ into consecutive numbers