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Table 5 Factors associated with health professionals’ attitude towards patients’ confidentiality (N = 410)

From: Health professionals' knowledge and attitude towards patient confidentiality and associated factors in a resource-limited setting: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Attitude COR (CI 95%) AOR (CI 95%) P value
Favorable (%) Unfavorable (%)
Sex      
 Male 144(35.1) 127(31.0) 1.53(1.01–2.32) 1.04(0.65–1.67) 0.844
 Female 59(14.4) 80(19.5) 1 1  
Age      
  ≤  24 Years 56(13.7) 45(11.0) 1.29(0.66–2.49) 1.64(0.73–3.67) 0.228
 25–34 Years 120(29.3) 134(32.7) 0.92(0.51–1.66) 1.02(0.51–2.04) 0.939
  ≥ 35 Years 27(6.6) 28(6.8) 1 1  
Work experience      
  > 5 years 71(17.3) 55(13.4) 1.48(0.97–2.26) 1.40(0.84–2.32) 0.191
 ≤ 5 years 132(32.2) 152(37.1) 1 1  
Educational level      
 MSc and specialist 24(5.9) 13(3.2) 1.90(0.89–4.07) 2.17(0.82–5.74) 0.117
 Medical doctor 15(3.7) 13(3.2) 1.19(0.52–2.70) 1.32(0.49–3.55) 0.575
 BSc degree 102(24.9) 117(28.5) 0.90(0.58–1.39) 0.89(0.48–1.65) 0.721
 Diploma 62(15.1) 64(15.6) 1 1  
Training on medical ethics      
 Yes 105(25.6) 85(20.7) 1.53(1.04–2.27) 2.30(1.42–3.72) 0.001*
 No 98(23.9) 122(29.8) 1 1  
Direct contact with the patients      
 Yes 195(47.6) 190(46.3) 2.18(0.91–5.17) 3.06(1.12–8.34) 0.029*
 No 8(2.0) 17(4.1) 1 1  
Numbers of patient served per day      
  > 40 patients 99(24.1) 66(16.1) 2.77(1.72–4.45) 4.38(2.46–7.80) 0.000*
 30–40 patients 58(14.1) 56(13.7) 1.91(1.14–3.19) 1.96(1.12–3.43) 0.017*
  < 30 patient 46(11.2) 85(20.7) 1 1  
Numbers of ethical dilemma faced daily      
  > 2 Times 19(4.6) 5(1.2) 4.17(1.52–11.39) 3.56(1.23–10.26) 0.019*
  ≤  2 Times 184(44.9) 202(49.3) 1 1  
Income (Ethiopian birr)      
  > 6000 147(35.9) 159(38.8) 0.48(0.21–1.08) 0.41(0.15–1.12) 0.083
 3000–6000 37(9.0) 38(9.3) 0.51(0.21–1.24) 0.44(0.16–1.19) 0.110
  < 3000 19(4.6) 10(2.4) 1 1  
Knowledge      
 Good 132(32.2) 113(27.6) 1.54(1.03–2.30) 1.36(0.88–2.11) 0.166
 Poor 71(17.3) 94(22.9) 1 1  
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05