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Table 4 Factors associated with health professionals’ knowledge about patients’ confidentiality (N = 410)

From: Health professionals' knowledge and attitude towards patient confidentiality and associated factors in a resource-limited setting: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Knowledge COR (CI 95%) AOR (CI 95%) P value
Good (%) Poor (%)
Sex      
 Male 172(42.0) 99(24.1) 1.57(1.03–2.37) 1.63(1.03–2.59) 0.035*
 Female 73(17.8) 66(16.1) 1 1  
Age      
  ≤  24 Years 67(16.3) 34(8.3) 2.04(1.04–3.99) 1.87(0.86–4.04) 0.112
 25–34 Years 151(36.8) 103(25.1) 1.52(0.84–2.72) 1.34(0.71–2.53) 0.361
  ≥  35 Years 27(6.6) 28(6.8) 1 1  
Work experience      
  > 5 years 72(17.6) 54(13.2) 0.85(0.55–1.31) 0.86(0.53–1.41) 0.566
  ≤  5 years 173(42.2) 111(27.1) 1 1  
Training on medical ethics      
 Yes 126(30.7) 64(15.6) 1.67(1.11–2.49) 1.73(1.11–2.70) 0.015*
 No 119(29.0) 101(24.6) 1 1  
Direct contact with the patients      
 Yes 233(56.8) 152(37.1) 1.66(0.73–3.73) 1.69(0.71–4.01) 0.227
 No 12(2.9) 13(3.2) 1 1  
Numbers of patient served per day      
  > 40 patients 96(23.4) 69(16.8) 0.94(0.59–1.50) 0.98(0.58–1.66) 0.966
 30–40 patients 71(17.3) 43(10.5) 1.12(0.67–1.87) 1.03(0.60–1.77) 0.900
  < 30 patient 78(19.0) 53(12.9) 1 1  
Numbers of ethical dilemma faced daily      
  > 2 Times 19(4.6) 5(1.2) 2.69(0.98–7.35) 3.07(1.07–8.79) 0.036*
  ≤  2 Times 226(55.1) 160(39.0) 1 1  
Income (Ethiopian birr)      
  > 6000 176(42.9) 130(31.7) 0.35(0.14–0.89) 0.40(0.15–1.07) 0.068
 3000–6000 46(11.2) 29(7.1) 0.41(0.15–1.13) 0.40(0.14–1.17) 0.096
  < 3000 23(5.6) 6(1.5) 1 1  
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05