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Table 1 General characteristics of participants (N = 171)

From: Nurses’ ethical decision-making during end of life care in South Korea: a cross-sectional descriptive survey

Variables Categories n (%) Mean ± SD
Age (year) 20–29 79 (46.2) 33.3 ± 8.1
(years)
  30–39 52 (30.4)  
   ≥ 40 40 (23.4)  
Gender Male 9 (5.3)  
  Female 162 (94.7)  
Marital status Single 104 (60.8)  
  Married 67 (39.2)  
Education (degree) Bachelor’s degree or lower 151 (88.3)  
  Master’s degree or higher 20 (11.7)  
Religion Yes 89 (52.4)  
  No 81 (47.6)  
Current clinical working area Oncology/general/hospice Unit 81 (47.9)  
  Intensive care unit 88 (52.1)  
Total clinical experience 1–3 years 27 (15.8) 9.9 ± 8.0
  3–5 years 33 (19.3) (years)
  5–10 years 52 (30.4)  
   > 10 years 59 (34.5)  
Current department experience 1–3 years 47 (29.4) 5.7 ± 5.4 (years)
  3–5 years 40 (25.0)  
  5–10 years 53 (33.1)  
   > 10yrs 20 (12.5)  
Experience in nursing ethics education None 27 (15.9)  
  1–10 h 105(61.8)  
   > 10 h 38 (22.4)  
Type of nursing ethics education* Continuing nursing education 59(34.5)  
  In-hospital education 94(55.0)  
  Academy/curriculum/others 18(10.5)  
  None 27(15.8)  
Experience of an ethical dilemma (within a week) Yes 48 (29.6)  
  No 114 (70.4)  
Ethical decision support* Colleagues 64(37.4)  
  Preceptor/charge nurse 116(67.8)  
  Nurse manager 36(21.1)  
  Others 3(1.8)  
Job satisfaction (0–10 point) 1–3 8 (4.7) 6.4 ± 1.6
  4–6 75 (43.9)  
  7–10 88 (51.5)  
Ethical conflict (0–10 point) 1–3 18 (10.5) 5.8 ± 1.7
  4–6 90 (52.6)  
  7–10 63 (36.8)  
  1. *Multiple responses