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Table 2 Mean age (SD), and number (%) of participants for each occupation and education characteristic by gender

From: Scarcity of resources and inequity in access are frequently reported ethical issues for physiotherapists internationally: an observational study

Characteristic All n = 1212 Female n = 815 Male n = 389 Diverse n = 8
Age (years) 35.3 (11.8) 35.4 (12.2) 34.9 (10.7) 38.1 (14.8)
Type of workplace     
 Private 1103 (91) 727 (89) 373 (96) 3 (38)
 Government/public 891 (74) 632 (78) 256 (66) 3 (38)
 Teaching institution 276 (23) 185 (23) 90 (23) 1 (13)
 Research institution 96 (8) 67 (8) 29 (7) 0
 Sports club 142 (12) 86 (11) 55 (14) 1 (13)
 Self employed/owner 455 (38) 278 (34) 174 (45) 3 (38)
 Other 140 (12) 107 (13) 33 (8) 0
Area where workplace located     
 Rural area 120 (10) 79 (10) 38 (10) 3 (38)
 Urban area 742 (61) 496 (61) 242 (62) 4 (50)
 Both areas 346 (29) 237 (29) 108 (28) 1 (13)
Paying sources     
 Private funding (patient or family) 682 (56) 440 (54) 236 (61) 6 (75)
 Private funding (organization) 557 (46) 375 (46) 178 (46) 4 (50)
 Public/governmental funding 549 (45) 371 (46) 175 (45) 3 (38)
 Combination of public/governmental and private 609 (50) 410 (50) 196 (50) 3 (38)
 Charities 153 (13) 106 (13) 46 (12) 1 (13)
 Other 30 (2) 22 (3) 8 (2) 0
Field of physiotherapy practice     
 Acupuncture, dry needling 170 (14) 102 (13) 66 (17) 2 (25)
 Animal 13 (1) 11 (1) 0 2 (25)
 Aquatic 178 (15) 133 (16) 44 (11) 1 (13)
 Cardiorespiratory 376 (31) 254 (31) 120 (31) 2 (25)
 Education 349 (29) 237 (29) 108 (28) 4 (50)
 Disability 289 (24) 207 (25) 81 (21) 1 (13)
 Health promotion 300 (25) 208 (26) 89 (23) 3 (38)
 Information management 38 (3) 19 (2) 18 (5) 1 (13)
 Management/administration 194 (16) 132 (16) 61 (16) 1 (13)
 Mental health 97 (8) 70 (9) 26 (7) 1 (13)
 Neurology 493 (41) 332 (41) 158 (41) 3 (38)
 Occupational Health/ergonomics 173 (14) 109 (13) 61 (16) 3 (38)
 Oncology/palliative care 163 (13) 120 (15) 42 (11) 1 (13)
 Orthopaedics/manual therapy 737 (61) 472 (58) 261 (67) 4 (50)
 Older people 520 (43) 357 (44) 160 (41) 3 (38)
 Paediatrics 339 (28) 244 (30) 93 (24) 2 (50)
 Rehabilitation 724 (60) 470 (58) 249 (64) 5 (63)
 Research 216 (18) 136 (17) 78 (20) 2 (50)
 Sport 419 (35) 242 (30) 173 (44) 4 (50)
 Women’s, men’s and pelvic health 215 (18) 170 (21) 44 (11) 1 (13)
 Other 126 (10) 89 (11) 36 (9) 0
Highest educational level achieved (in physiotherapy or other discipline)     
 Bachelor/diploma 510 (42) 357 (44) 150 (39) 3 (38)
 Graduate diploma 110 (9) 68 (8) 42 (11) 0
 Masters degree 310 (26) 193 (24) 117 (30) 0
 Professional doctorate 105 (9) 71 (9) 31 (8) 3 (38)
 Research doctorate 59 (5) 39 (5) 18 (5) 2 (50)
 Other 115 (9) 84 (10) 31 (8) 0
Learned about code of conduct/ethics during basic physiotherapy education     
 Yes 893 (74) 591 (73) 298 (77) 4 (50)
 No 216 (18) 156 (19) 61 (16) 1 (13)
 Don’t know 99 (8) 68 (8) 29 (7) 2 (25)
Learned about specific ethical decision-making/reasoning frameworks during basic physiotherapy education     
 Yes 581 (48) 373 (46) 204 (52) 4 (50)
 No 399 (33) 278 (34) 121 (31) 0
 Don’t know 231 (19) 162 (20) 63 (16) 4 (50)