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Table 2 Practices, perceptions and attitudes to the most recent DNAR decision: discussion with and information to patient and relatives

From: Do-not-attempt-resuscitation orders: attitudes, perceptions and practices of Swedish physicians and nurses

Questions All % (n = 522) Physicians % (n = 210) Nurses % (n = 312) p valuea
Yes No Uncertain Yes No Uncertain Yes No Uncertain
Was the decision discussed with the patient? 38.4 55.1 6.5 40.8 55.8 3.4 36.4 54.4 9.2 0.042
Was the prognosis discussed with the patient? 45.5 47.5 7.0 50.7 45.8 3.4 40.9 49.0 10.1 0.008
Was the patient asked about his or her opinion in the process that led to the DNAR decision? 35.8 55.2 9.1 40.0 55.1 4.9 32.1 55.3 12.7 0.010
Did the patient have the opportunity or ability to participate in the discussion? 40.1 50.8 9.1 42.2 52.0 5.9 38.4 49.8 11.8 0.093
Was it the patient him- or herself who initiated the discussion? 6.1 87.7 6.1 4.9 93.1 2.0 7.2 83.1 9.7 0.002
Was it the patient him- or herself who requested the DNAR order? 15.9 72.3 11.8 13.8 77.8 8.4 17.7 67.5 14.8 0.040
If the decision was made without the patient’s involvement, was the patient informed of the decision once it was made? 28.2 54.4 17.4 32.2 60.9 6.9 25.0 49.1 25.4  < 0.001
Was the decision ethically right? 90.4 2.3 7.3 93.1 0.5 6.4 88.0 3.9 8.2 0.045
Should the decision have been made earlier? 40.7 34.9 24.4 39.0 39.0 22.0 42.3 31.2 26.5 0.208
Should the decision have been made later? 2.1 82.0 15.9 1.0 87.7 11.3 3.0 77.1 19.9 0.013
Was the decision discussed with the patient’s relatives? 66.9 24.5 8.6 67.5 27.7 4.9 66.4 21.7 11.9 0.019
Was the prognosis discussed with the patient’s relatives? 77.3 15.2 7.5 78.2 16.5 5.3 76.6 14.0 9.4 0.241
Were the patient’s relatives given an opportunity to participate in the discussion? 58.3 27.1 14.6 63.2 29.4 74 54.0 25.1 20.9  < 0.001
Was it the patient’s relatives who initiated the discussion? 4.1 85.4 10.5 3.9 92.2 3.9 4.3 79.5 16.2  < 0.001
  1. DNAR, do not attempt resuscitation
  2. aChi-square test