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Table 1 Demographics of medical representatives (MRs) and medical doctors (MDs)

From: Perceptions of and barriers to ethical promotion of pharmaceuticals in Pakistan: perspectives of medical representatives and doctors

Characteristic of medical representatives Frequency (n = 330) Percentage (%)
Gender   
Male 292 88.48
Female 38 11.52
Company   
National (NC) 205 62.12
Multi-national (MNC) 125 37.88
Terminal education   
Bachelors 192 58.18
Master 105 31.81
Pharm D 33 10.00
Provincial region   
Punjab 202 61.2
Sindh 57 17.3
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 43 13
Baluchistan 8 2.4
Federal Area 20 6.1
Number of visits to health care providers/day   
< 5 19 5.76
5–10 93 28.18
11–15 181 54.85
> 15 37 11.21
Satisfied with drug promotion activities   
No 52 15.76
Yes 278 84.24
Characteristics of medical doctors Frequency (n = 51) Percentage (%)
Gender   
Male 45 88.24
Female 6 11.76
Practicing facility   
Government hospital 41 80.03
Private clinic 10 19.61
Working experience   
10–15 years 14 27.5
16–20 years 33 64.7
> 20 years 4 7.84
Terminal education   
FCPS (part 1 or 2) 39 76.5
MBBS 12 23.5
Designation   
Professor 12 23.53
Associate Professor 4 7.84
Assistant Professor 17 33.33
Registrar 6 11.76
Medical Officer 2 3.92
General Practitioner 10 19.61
Satisfied with drug promotion activities   
No 46 90.20
Yes 5 9.80