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Table 2 Factors associated with low paternalism/autonomy of health professionals in Mexico, 2018

From: Communication patterns in the doctor–patient relationship: evaluating determinants associated with low paternalism in Mexico

Variables n (%) ORa Multipleb
95% CI
Age     
 43–76 years 229 (30.1) 1.0   
 30–42 years 234 (30.8) 0.79 0.51 1.24
 19–29 years 280 (36.8) 0.72 0.46 1.13
Gender     
 Male 310 (40.7) 1.0   
 Female 440 (57.8) 1.57 1.11 2.22
Specialty     
 No 328 (43.1) 1.0   
 Yes 425 (55.9) 1.67 1.16 2.40
Family member with IDD or ASD     
 Yes 132 (17.4) 1.0   
 No 630 (81.1) 0.98 0.64 1.50
Value assigned to truth (Truthful communication from the professional to the patient)     
 Low 383 (50.3) 1.0   
 Moderate 198 (26.0) 0.86 0.58 1.29
 High 163 (21.4) 0.98 0.63 1.53
Communication pattern     
 Withholding 315 (41.4) 1.0   
 Partial communication 191 (25.1) 4.52 2.98 6.87
 Open communication 230 (30.2) 12.13 7.71 19.05
Bioethics courses     
 None 235 (31.4) 1.0   
 ≥ 1 514 (68.6) 0.76 0.53 1.11
Knowledge about IDD     
 Low 317 (41.7) 1.0   
 Intermediate 288 (37.8) 0.75 0.52 1.08
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 118 (15.5) 0.62 0.39 1.01
Knowledge about ASD     
 Low 191 (25.1) 1.0   
 Intermediate 303 (39.8) 0.60 0.40 0.91
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 224 (29.4) 1.04 0.67 1.63
Knowledge about ADHD     
 Low 296 (38.9) 1.0   
 Intermediate 247 (32.5) 1.27 0.85 1.89
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 173 (22.7) 0.93 0.61 1.43
  1. aOdds ratio, ordinal logistic regression
  2. bOdds ratio, adjusted by all variables included in table, participant institution (medical facility/university) and religion