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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and communication attributes of health professionals stratified by paternalism, Mexico, 2018

From: Communication patterns in the doctor–patient relationship: evaluating determinants associated with low paternalism in Mexico

Variables Overall
n = 761
High paternalism /overprotection
n = 364 (47.8%)
Moderate paternalism
n = 159 (20.9%)
Low paternalism/autonomy
n = 223 (29.3%)
p valueb
n (%)a n %a n %a n %a
Age         
 43–76 years 229 (30.1) 117 32.1 38 23.9 68 30.5  
 30–42 years 234 (30.8) 103 28.3 53 33.3 75 33.6  
 19–29 years 280 (36.8) 134 36.8 65 40.9 77 34.5 0.27
Gender         
 Male 310 (40.7) 168 46.2 64 40.3 74 33.2  
 Female 440 (57.8) 192 52.8 91 57.2 147 65.9 0.007
Specialty         
 No 328 (43.1) 191 52.5 56 35.2 76 34.1  
 Yes 425 (55.9) 172 47.3 97 61.0 146 65.5  < 0.001
Family member with IDD or ASD         
 Yes 132 (17.4) 65 17.9 27 17.0 40 17.9  
 No 630 (81.1) 296 81.3 129 81.1 179 80.3 0.97
Communication pattern         
 Withholding 315 (41.4) 233 64.0 49 30.8 31 13.9  
 Partial communication 191 (25.1) 74 20.3 59 37.1 58 26.0  
 Open communication 230 (30.2) 52 14.3 48 30.2 129 57.9  < 0.001
Value assigned to truth (Truthful communication from the professional to the patient)         
 Low 383 (50.3) 205 56.3 81 50.9 91 40.8  
 Moderate 198 (26.0) 90 24.7 43 27.0 62 27.8  
 High 163 (21.4) 65 17.9 32 20.1 66 29.6 0.003
Attitude towards death         
 Low acceptance 321 (42.2) 157 43.1 65 40.9 95 42.6  
 Moderate acceptance 237 (31.1) 120 33.0 46 28.9 69 30.9  
 High acceptance 177 (23.3) 78 21.4 45 28.3 51 22.9 0.56
Bioethics courses         
 None 235 (31.4) 114 31.3 45 28.3 70 31.4  
 ≥ 1 514 (68.6) 246 67.6 110 69.2 150 67.3 0.81
Religion         
 Believer 519 (68.2) 271 74.5 103 64.8 137 61.4  
 Nonbeliever 237 (31.1) 93 25.6 55 34.6 86 38.6 0.003
Knowledge about IDD         
 Low 317 (41.7) 147 40.4 67 42.1 100 44.8  
 Intermediate 288 (37.8) 140 38.5 61 38.4 83 37.2  
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 118 (15.5) 62 17.0 22 13.8 32 14.4 0.79
Knowledge about ASD         
 Low 191 (25.1) 86 23.6 40 25.2 62 27.8  
 Intermediate 303 (39.8) 161 44.2 65 40.9 75 33.6  
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 224 (29.4) 98 26.9 45 28.3 77 34.5 0.11
Knowledge about ADHD         
 Low 296 (38.9) 162 44.5 54 34.0 77 34.5  
 Intermediate 247 (32.5) 100 27.5 56 35.2 87 39.0  
 Positive attitude and high knowledge 173 (22.7) 87 23.9 40 25.2 44 19.7 0.01
  1. aNot all percentages add up to 100%, due to missing values
  2. bChi2 test