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Table 5 Attitude towards organ donation by desire to donate organs

From: Attitudes towards organ donation in Syria: a cross-sectional study

  Desire
N (%)
No desire
N (%)
Total
N (%)
p value
No. (%) 183 (62) 112 (38) 295  
Age, years (mean ) 43 ± 15 40 ± 14   0.13
Gender     
 Male 63 (34) 39 (35) 102 (35) 0.94
 Female 120 (66) 73 (65) 193 (65)  
Residency     
 Urban 143 (78) 81 (74) 224 (76) 0.38
 Rural 40 (22) 29 (26) 69 (24)  
Education     
 Illiterate or less than high school 112 (62) 61 (55) 173 (59) 0.24
 High school or higher 69 (38) 50 (45) 119 (41)  
Current job     
 Does not work 99 (61) 57 (55) 156 (59) 0.35
 Works 63 (39) 46 (45) 109 (41)  
Marital status     
 Not married 53 (29) 30 (27) 83 (28) 0.72
 Married 130 (71) 81 (73) 211 (72)  
Chronic diseases     
 Not treated 114 (66) 83 (75) 197 (70) 0.10
 Absent or treated 58 (34) 27 (25) 85 (30)  
Have you ever heard of organ donation?     
 Yes 152 (83) 90 (80) 242 (82) 0.56
 No 31 (17) 22 (20) 53 (18)  
Brain death knowledge score     
 Brain death knowledge score ≤ 2 113 (63) 60 (55) 173 (60) 0.17
 Brain death knowledge score ≥ 3 66 (37) 49 (45) 115 (40)  
When would you prefer to donate your organs?     
 Only during life 41 (23) 8 (15) 49 (21)  < .0001*
 Only after death 76 (42) 39 (75) 115 (50)  
 Any time 63 (35) 5 (10) 68 (29)  
Would you agree to donate organs of a family member after their death?     
 Yes 120 (66) 28 (25) 148 (51)  < .0001*
 No 61 (34) 83 (75) 144 (49)  
Would you agree to donate organs of a family member in cases of brain death?     
 Yes 87 (48) 14 (13) 101 (35)  < .0001*
 No 94 (52) 93 (87) 187 (65)  
Would you encourage organ donation?     
 Yes 157 (86) 38 (35) 195 (67)  < .0001*
 No 26 (14) 71 (65) 97 (33)  
Who would you want to donate your organs to?     
 Only for relatives 48 (26) 46 (56) 94 (36)  < .0001*
 Only for strangers 1 (1) 0 (0) 1 (0)  
 To anyone 132 (73) 36 (44) 168 (64)  
Are you aware of the laws and legislations related to organ donation, brain death and organ transplantation in Syria?     
 Yes 23 (13) 14 (13) 37 (13) 1.00
 No 158 (87) 96 (87) 254 (87)  
If religion and law were encouraging organ donation, would you do it?     
 Yes 167 (91) 54 (50) 221 (76)  < .0001*
 No 16 (9) 53 (50) 69 (24)  
  1. *Statistically significant