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Table 3 Association of physicians’ characteristics with EoL practices

From: Physicians’ attitudes in relation to end-of-life decisions in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: a national multicenter survey

  N WH treatment (NYes = 28) WH emergency treatment (NYes = 50) Continue treatment (NYes = 91) WD mechanical ventilation (NYes = 11) Administer medication (NYes = 30)
Gender
 Male 30 1.2 (0.4–3.2) 0.7 (0.3–1.8) 1.3 (0.6–2.9) 1.6 (0.4–6.6) 3.3 (1.3–7.9)
 Female 126 0.7446 0.4819 0.5365 0.4827 0.007
Age
 < 40 45 0.4 (0.1–1.1) 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.6 (0.3–1.2) * 2.2 (1–5.1)
 ≥ 40 111 0.0605 0.015 0.1276 0.0285 0.0513
Having had children
 No 33 1 (0.4–2.7) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 1.3 (0.6–3) 0.7 (0.1–3.5) 1.3 (0.5–3.4)
 Yes 109 0.9827 0.3654 0.4902 0.6792 0.5344
Religion importance
 Important 71 0.6 (0.2–1.4) 0.8 (0.4–1.5) 1.4 (0.7–2.7) 0.6 (0.2–2.3) 0.5 (0.2–1.2)
 Quite or not important 82 0.2095 0.4465 0.2866 0.4882 0.1093
Daily duties
 Yes 112 1 (0.4–2.6) 0.8 (0.4–1.7) 0.9 (0.4–1.9) 0.4 (0.1–1.3) 0.6 (0.2–1.4)
 No 39 0.9897 0.5934 0.7748 0.1225 0.2361
Years of employment
 < 6 77 0.6 (0.3–1.4) 0.4 (0.2–0.9) 0.7 (0.3–1.3) 1.3 (0.4–4.3) 1 (0.5–2.3)
 ≥ 6 79 0.2392 0.0219 0.2033 0.7212 0.9377
Years of employment
 < 15 115 1.1 (0.4–2.8) 1.2 (0.5–2.6) 0.7 (0.3–1.4) 3.8 (0.5–30.7) 1 (0.4–2.4)
 ≥ 15 41 0.8649 0.6565 0.2553 0.1791 0.9575
Working hours (per week)
 < 40 38 0.6 (0.2–1.8) 1.3 (0.6–2.9) 1.5 (0.7–3.2) 1.2 (0.3–4.7) 0.9 (0.4–2.4)
 ≥ 40 118 0.3762 0.4668 0.2837 0.8154 0.8842
Education
 Graduate from medical school 86 0.5 (0.2–1.2) 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 0.9 (0.5–1.8) 0.6 (0.2–2.2) 1.1 (0.5–2.4)
 M.Sc. and/or Ph.D. 69 0.1375 0.1958 0.8721 0.4874 0.8846
Follow up in outpatient clinic
 Yes 121 0.8 (0.3–2) 0.9 (0.4–2.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.5) 0.7 (0.2–2.7) 2.8 (0.8–9.8)
 No 32 0.5565 0.8182 0.3364 0.5905 0.1011
Employment contract
 Non-permanent 69 0.6 (0.3–1.4) 1 (0.5–2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 1 (0.3–3.4) 1.1 (0.5–2.6)
 Tenure 82 0.2401 0.9578 0.2873 0.9867 0.7563
Involvement in research
 Yes 81 1.3 (0.5–2.9) 0.8 (0.4–1.6) 0.5 (0.3–1) 10.1 (1.3–81.3) 1.6 (0.7–3.7)
 No 73 0.5944 0.5391 0.0576 0.0083 0.2569
Physician’s rank
 Fellow 58 1 (0.4–2.3) 0.5 (0.2–1) 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 1.9 (0.6–6.7) 1.4 (0.6–3.3)
 Specialized Neonatologist 89 0.9837 0.0562 0.2002 0.2871 0.4015
Position on existing legal framework
 Should change 104 13 (1.7–99.2) 4.8 (1.7–13.4) 0.9 (0.4–1.9) ** 2.4 (0.8–7.5)
 Should not change or not relevant 38 0.002 0.0012 0.7616 0.0369 0.1192
  1. For each comparison the odds ratio, 95% confidence interval and p value are depicted. In each row total number of cases for group options (as N) and in each column positive answers in the specific question (as NYes) are reported. There was only one positive response in the reported practice C6; thus, no statistical comparisons were performed
  2. WH withhold, WD withdraw, administer medication administration of sedatives and/or analgesic drugs
  3. *Not applicable all participants that declared yes had age ≥ 40
  4. **Not applicable all participants that declared no or not relevant responded no in this question