Skip to main content

Table 3 Chronological order of publications and details of Waorani’s research

From: Potential research ethics violations against an indigenous tribe in Ecuador: a mixed methods approach

No. Institution's country Author Year Number of population Communities of origin Study method Material Origin of samples Ethics committee approval Informed consent
1 USA James W. Larrick et al. [28] 1978 600 Waorani ND Observational Epidemiological study Surveys ND ND
2 USA Jonathan E. Kaplan et al. [29] 1980 293 Waorani Tiweno, Tzapino, Gabaro Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test, skin test data and stool examination Primary ND ND
3 USA Jonathan E. Kaplan et al. [30] 1980 227 Waorani Tiweno, Tzapino, Bai's, Gareno Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test, skin test data and stool examination Primary ND ND
4 UK Theakston RD, et al. [31] 1981 223 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND ND
5 USA James W. Larrick et al. [32] 1983 227 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test, skin test data and stool examination Primary ND ND
6 USA E.Wade Davis et al. [33] 1983 ND Waorani ND Observational Epidemiological study Descriptive evaluation ND ND
7 UK Theakston RD et al. [34] 1983 7 Waorani ND Applied Basic research—Animal study Inoculation of human antibodies against the snake venoms Primary ND ND
8 USA James W. Larrick et al. [35] 1985 231 Waorani Tzapino, Bai's, Tiweno, Gabaro Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND ND
9 USA C. Edward Buckley et al. [36] 1985 229 Waorani
Other foreign groups
ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test and skin test data Primary ND ND
10 USA James W. Larrick et al. [37] 1987 70 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND ND
11 USA David I. Watkins et al. [38] 1992 17 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND ND
12 BRASIL Fabrício R. Santos et al. [19] 1996 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute of Medical Research ND ND
13 USA Evan E. Eichler et al. [20] 1996 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Arrayed X-chromosome library Secondary—Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ND ND
14 GERMANY Colm O’Huigin et al. [39] 1997 6 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND ND
15 BRASIL Fabrício R. Santos et al. [21] 1999 ND Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—National Institute of General Medical Science ND ND
16 USA Michael A. Kron et al. [40] 2000 31 Dicaro Waorani
8 Non-Dicaro Waorani
16 Quichua
Dicaro Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND Acquired
17 ECUADOR Stephen R. Manock et al. [41] 2000 173 Waorani 15 Waorani Villages Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary Leadership of ONHAE ND
18 BRASIL Francisco M. Salzano [42] 2002 ND Waorani ND Systematic review Local and National ethics committees ND
19 USA Lizhi Yu et al. [22] 2003 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute ND ND
20 JAPAN Yasuhiro Go et al. [23] 2005 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute ND ND
21 MEXICO Maria Mercedes Meza et al. [24] 2005 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute ND ND
22 USA Eray Tuzun et al. [25] 2005 1 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute Cell Repository ND ND
23 ESPAÑA Fabricio Gonzales [43] 2006 40 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary ND Acquired
24 USA Nicholas J. Marini et al. [26] 2008 ND Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—Coriell Institute Cell Repository ND ND
25 USA Stephen Beckerman et al. [44] 2009 121 Waorani ND Observational Epidemiological study Surveys Institutional Review Boards of Pennsylvania State University and the University of Connecticut Acquired
26 ESPAÑA Fabricio Gonzales et al. [45] 2009 35 Waorani
102 Mestizos
102 Kichwa
102 Afro- Ecuadorian
ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary Metropolitan Hospital Acquired
27 ESPAÑA M. Baeta et al. [1] 2009 111 Waorani Toñampare, Bameno Basic research, analytical procedures Saliva swab samples Primary ND ND
28 USA William Kuang-Yao Pan et al. [46] 2010 221 Quichua
99 Shuar
78 Huaorani
50 Cofan
31 Secoya
ND Observational Epidemiological study Surveys University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ND
29 ESPAÑA Luis Gomez—Perez et al. [47] 2011 36 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary University of the Basque Country Acquired
30 GERMANY Maria Geppert et al. [48] 2011 65 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Buccal swab samples Primary Approved by an ethical commission not specified Acquired
31 ESPAÑA S Cardoso et al. [49] 2012 36 Waorani ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary Institutional Review Board from UPV/EHU Acquired
32 ESPAÑA Luis Gomez—Perez et al. [50] 2013 36 Waorani Other foreign group ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary Institutional Review Board from UPV/EHU Acquired
33 GERMANY Lutz Roewer et al. [51] 2013 40 Waorani
Fifty different ethnic groups
ND Basic research, analytical procedures Buccal swabs, liquid saliva and capillary blood Primary Institutional review board of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Berlin Acquired
34 USA Douglas S.London et al. [52] 2014 16 Waorani
63 Kiwchas
Kawymeno Basic research, analytical procedures Stool samples Primary ND ND
35 USA Douglas S.London et al. [53] 2015 121 Waorani
312 Kiwchas
Kawymeno Observational Epidemiological study Surveys Institutional Review Board at Arizona State University Acquired
36 UK Massimo Mezzavilla et al. [54] 2015 22 Waorani
9 Kiwchas
ND Basic research, analytical procedures Serologic test Primary Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Germany Acquired
37 GERMANY Maria Geppert et al. [27] 2015 20 Waorani
24 Kiwcha
ND Basic research, analytical procedures DNA sample Secondary—obtained of other studies ND ND
38 ECUADOR Edy Quizhpe et al. [55] 2016 199 Waorani 22 Waorani Villages Observational Epidemiological study Surveys ND ND
  1. The table only described the indigenous communities belong to Ecuador. In the origin of the samples: primary refers to obtaining samples directly from the population and secondary refers to obtaining genetic samples from gene banks belonging to international institutions
  2. ND not described