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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression analyses assessing factors associated with personal support for invoking conscientious objection (CO)

From: Medical and midwifery students’ views on the use of conscientious objection in abortion care, following legal reform in Chile: a cross-sectional study

Respondent characteristicsI would invoke CO to avoid caring for a woman:
who wanted an abortion, no matter what her reasonswho wanted a lawful abortionwith post-abortion complications
%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]
University type
 Secular120.43*[0.19,0.96]120.67 [0.30,1.52]51.63 [0.44,6.08]
 Religious (Ref.)38 39 10 
Gender
 Female201.66 [0.75,3.67]181.02 [0.46,2.24]81.04 [0.28,3.83]
 Male/Other (Ref.)14 18 4 
Age group
 17–19150.97 [0.33,2.87]160.82 [0.27,2.29]50.46 [0.11,1.90]
 20–24 (Ref)17 17 6 
 25–37241.73 [0.56,5.31]242.97 [0.91,9.74]93.73 [0.69,20.17]
Degree being pursued
 Medicine-Specialty undecided/unknown (Ref.)18 21 4 
 Midwifery221.22 [0.48,3.08]200.73 [0.29,1.50]146.81*[1.53,30.36]
 Medicine-planning to specialize in OB-GYN120.57 [0.22,1.46]110.35*[0.13,0.93]41.01 [0.22,4.68]
Where completed high school
 Santiago metropolitan region160.53 [0.24,1.17]181.00 [0.43,2.31]71.59 [0.40,6.26]
 Other location (Ref.)23 19 4 
Political affiliation
 Center/None (Ref.)15 16 6 
 Right/Center right433.09*[1.30,7.32]464.04*[1.,9.60]132.71 [0.77,9.60]
 Center left/left60.62 [0.24,1.62]60.60 [0.23,1.59]30.90 [0.22,3.63]
Religion
 Catholic or other religion (Ref.)8 7 3 
 None290.59 [0.24,1.43]320.43 [0.17,1.09]100.65 [0.17,2.44]
Frequency of religious attendance
 Hardly ever/never (Ref.)11 10 5 
 Once a month/2–3 times a year180.58 [0.19,1.75]271.48 [0.53,4.13]60.93 [0.18,4.81]
 Once a week/2–3 times a month543.81*[1.46,9.93]564.60*[1.76,12.05]182.78 [0.73,10.58]
Year in school
 1st-2nd (Ref.)16 17 8 
 3rd-4th191.34 [0.49,3.68]200.91 [0.34,2.44]50.46 [0.11,1.83]
 5th–7th/just graduated190.96 [0.25,3.69]170.26 [0.06,1.11.]60.55 [0.08,3.75]
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratios, CI Confidence Intervals; *p < .05; Ref. = Referent group