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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analyses assessing factors associated with agreeing (agree/strongly agree) with statements about conscientious objection (CO)

From: Medical and midwifery students’ views on the use of conscientious objection in abortion care, following legal reform in Chile: a cross-sectional study

Respondent characteristicsClinicians who invoke CO should:Regulations that should be implemented:
...counsel patients on all treatment options...refer patients to a willing clinician…be allowed to refuse to provide post-abortion careUniversities & other institutions should be able to register as COsMandatory public registration of COs
%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]%aOR[95% CI]
University type
 Secular974.57*[1.44,14.48]953. 72*[1.36,10.12]170.87 [0.40,1.89]200.37*[0.17,0.80]680.72 [0.36,1.45]
 Religious (Ref.)75 76 25 52 64 
Gender
 Female922.15 [0.63,7.29]943.22*[1.14,9.09]221.81 [0.90,3.66]270.85 [0.42,1.70]681.22 [0.71,2.11]
 Male/Other (Ref.)92 86 12 26 64 
Age group
 17–19931.07 [0.22,5.12]890.36 [0.08,1.53]210.67 [0.30,1.52]261.15 [0.45,2.91]710.84 [0.39,1.80]
 20–24 (Ref)92 92 19 22 67 
 25–37911.90 [0.32,11.23]911.01 [0.18,5.62]130.95 [0.32,2.84]424.77*[1.75,13.06]620.95 [0.43,2.10]
Degree being pursued
 Medicine-Specialty undecided/unknown (Ref.)92 88 16 23 69 
 Midwifery860.16*[0.04,0.74]931.23 [0.31,4.97]271.10 [0.51,2.38]332.39*[1.00,5.71]710.91 [0.45,1.84]
 Medicine-Planning to specialize in OB-GYN972.66 [0.54,13.04]941.86 [0.54,6.35]150.79 [0.37,1.69]271.78 [0.82,3.90]590.56[0.31,1.02]
Where completed high school
 Santiago metropolitan region921.59 [0.49, 5.20]922.77*[1.03,7.47]180.92 [0.46,1.87]240.39*[0.19,0.80]670.98 [0.55,1.78]
 Other location (Ref.)92 86 19 36 65 
Political affiliation
 Center/None (Ref.)95 89 19 32 69 
 Right/Center right770.24*[0.07,0.8]790.76 [0.26,2.21]241.30 [0.56,3.00]531.39 [0.63,3.09]510.47*[0.23,0.95]
 Left/Center left980.93 [0.17,5.10]983.74 [0.90,15.56]150.99 [0.46,2.12]100.37*[0.17,0.80]741.31 [0.71,2.44]
Religion
 Catholic or other religion (Ref.)98 96 23 42 61 
 None851.52 [0.31,7.62]851.80 [0.47,6.95]140.74 [0.34,1.62]140.57 [0.26,1.26]721.38 [0.71,2.68]
Frequency of religious attendance
 Hardly ever/never (Ref.)97 95 16 18 70 
 Once a month/2–3 times a year880.79 [0.16,3.82]881.11 [0.26,4.76]241.21 [0.47,3.09]330.84 [0.33,2.18]610.94 [0.42,2.10]
 Once a week/2–3 times a month670.13*[0.03,0.54]690.27*[0.08,0.94]241.22 [0.47,3.08]705.25*[2.03,13.56]601.09 [0.47,2.54]
Year in school
 1st-2nd (Ref.)92 92 24 26 71 
 3rd-4th940.75 [0.15,3.78]890.43 [0.10,1.90]170. [0.24,1.16]251.06 [0.43,2.57]650.70 [0.35,1.42]
 5th–7th/just graduated900.22 [0.03,1.70]920.84 [0.11,6.31]110.37 [0.13,1.14]280.62 [0.19,2.04]630.73 [0.31,1.71]
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratios, CI Confidence Intervals; * p < .05; Ref = Referent group