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Table 1 Ethical review of studies published in leading nursing journals between 2015 and 2017

From: Reporting of ethical approval and informed consent in clinical research published in leading nursing journals: a retrospective observational study

JournalNumber of studies (N, %)Informed consent in prospective studies (N, %)Ethical approval
(N, %)
Ethical statement
(N, %)
TotalProspective studiesRetrospective studiesTotalWritten consent obtainedOral consent obtainedOther consent typeThe consent type not reportedWaived or not required
International Journal of Nursing Studies330300 (90.9)30 (9.1)259 (86.3)159 (61.4)15 (5.8)4 (1.5)76 (29.4)5 (1.9)324 (98.2)38 (11.5)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing170160 (94.1)10 (5.9)151 (88.8)104 (68.9)1 (0.7)3 (2.0)43 (28.4)0164 (96.5)107 (62.9)
Journal of Family Nursing4545 (100)041 (91.1)32 (78.1)1 (2.4)08 (19.5)043 (95.6)4 (8.9)
Nurse Education Today621611 (98.4)10 (1.6)525 (85.9)217 (41.3)16 (3.1)62 (11.8)229 (43.6)1 (0.2)567 (91.3)32 (51.5)
Birth-issues in Perinatal Care11869 (58.5)49 (41.5)61 (88.4)37 (60.7)4 ((6.6)1 (1.6)19 (31.1)0105 (89.0)0
Total12841185 (92.3)99 (7.7)1037 (87.5)549 (52.9)37 (3.6)70 (6.8)375 (36.2)6 (0.5)1203 (93.7)181 (14.1)