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Table 3 Main categories and sub- categories. Antenatal clinic attendees

From: A qualitative study on the voluntariness of counselling and testing for HIV amongst antenatal clinic attendees: do women have a choice?

Category Sub-categories Illustrative quotes from respondents
Antenatal attendees felt that the HIV test was voluntary Made prior decision
Exercising their autonomy to decline the test.
“No there was no force, I decided on my own to go for a test” [3]
“I don’t want to lie, I like to go for the HIV test often, even if I am not pregnant” [11]
I would agree because of the advantages for me and the unborn child [17].
Antenatal attendees felt no pressure to undergo a test Absence of compulsions
Absence of constraints and coercion
I did not even ask myself because I wanted it done [9]
I was just ready for anything [25]
I can say it has its advantage because you get a healthy child [17]
I wanted to know my status [6]
Antenatal attendees experienced worry during the process of counseling Fear of positive results
Adverse effects of partners’ extra marital affairs
I was scared, I was so afraid [14]
I am ready but I was worried about my husband [7]
I was worried because I had not taken the HIV test for about 6 months [12]
Voluntariness was influenced by a number of factors Accessibility to PMTCT services
Knowledge about HIV
Affairs with highly susceptible HIV positive individuals
Having a partner who is unfaithful
I am eager to know my status [6]
When pregnant I think it is important to check your health status [5]
In order to get a healthy baby it is a must to agree to test [12]
Antenatal attendees were already informed about testing prior to their first clinic visit HIV test was not unexpected I expected to take some tests including the HIV test and to receive counselling [10]
I knew that I will be tested [14]
Taking the HIV test first gives you information about your own health status, and second it protects the unborn child [11].