Variables

Q1

Q3

Q6

Q11


18–34

3.61

3.14

3.09

3.50

35–54

3.47

3.10

3.07

3.53

55+

3.64

3.11

2.96

3.43

Gender

Male

3.88^{a}

3.38^{a}

2.81

3.73^{a}

Female

3.27

2.85

3.24^{a}

3.23

Educational levels

Primary school

3.79

2.68^{c}

3.04

3.66

Upper secondary

3.75

3.09

2.98

3.76

≤ 3 yrs. higher ed.

3.70

3.20

3.00

3.52

> 3 yrs. higher ed.

3.34^{b}

3.12

3.09

3.25^{d}

Religious beliefs

Christian

3.46^{e}

2.83^{f}

3.22^{g}

3.37^{h}

Atheist/agnostic

3.65

3.49

2.79

3.59

Other nonreligious

3.64

3.30

2.87

3.64

 ^{a} = the score is significantly higher than for the opposite gender (p < 0.001)
 ^{b} = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the means in the Upper secondary and ≤ 3 yrs. higher ed. groups (p < 0.001). The mean in the Primary school group on Q1 is also higher, but the difference is only marginally significant (p = .09)
 ^{c} = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the mean in the ≤3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.01). The mean in the > 3 yrs. higher ed. group on Q3 is also lower, but the difference is only marginally significant (p = .09)
 ^{d} = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the mean in the ≤3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.01) and also lower than the mean in the > 3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.05)
 ^{e} = the mean difference between the scores for Christians and Atheist/agnostic is marginally significant (p < 0.1)
 ^{f} = the mean for Christians is significantly lower than the means for the two other groups (p < 0.001)
 ^{g} = the mean for Christians is significantly higher than the means for the two other groups (p < 0.001)
 ^{h} = the mean for Christians is significantly lower than the mean for Atheists/agnostics (p < 0.001), and marginally lower than the mean for the Other nonreligious group (p < 0.1)