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Table 3 Mean scores across demographic groups and comparisons between groups (MANOVA)

From: Attitudes to prenatal screening among Norwegian citizens: liberality, ambivalence and sensitivity

Variables Q1 Q3 Q6 Q11
18–34 3.61 3.14 3.09 3.50
35–54 3.47 3.10 3.07 3.53
55+ 3.64 3.11 2.96 3.43
Gender
 Male 3.88a 3.38a 2.81 3.73a
 Female 3.27 2.85 3.24a 3.23
Educational levels
 Primary school 3.79 2.68c 3.04 3.66
 Upper secondary 3.75 3.09 2.98 3.76
  ≤ 3 yrs. higher ed. 3.70 3.20 3.00 3.52
  > 3 yrs. higher ed. 3.34b 3.12 3.09 3.25d
Religious beliefs
 Christian 3.46e 2.83f 3.22g 3.37h
 Atheist/agnostic 3.65 3.49 2.79 3.59
 Other non-religious 3.64 3.30 2.87 3.64
  1. a = the score is significantly higher than for the opposite gender (p < 0.001)
  2. b = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the means in the Upper secondary and ≤ 3 yrs. higher ed. groups (p < 0.001). The mean in the Primary school group on Q1 is also higher, but the difference is only marginally significant (p = .09)
  3. c = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the mean in the ≤3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.01). The mean in the > 3 yrs. higher ed. group on Q3 is also lower, but the difference is only marginally significant (p = .09)
  4. d = the mean in this group is significantly lower than the mean in the ≤3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.01) and also lower than the mean in the > 3 yrs. higher ed. group (p < 0.05)
  5. e = the mean difference between the scores for Christians and Atheist/agnostic is marginally significant (p < 0.1)
  6. f = the mean for Christians is significantly lower than the means for the two other groups (p < 0.001)
  7. g = the mean for Christians is significantly higher than the means for the two other groups (p < 0.001)
  8. h = the mean for Christians is significantly lower than the mean for Atheists/agnostics (p < 0.001), and marginally lower than the mean for the Other non-religious group (p < 0.1)