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Table 3 Reporting of ethical research conduct by study descriptors

From: A scoping review of reporting ‘Ethical Research Practices’ in research conducted among refugees and war-affected populations in the Arab world

Independent variables Categories Institutional approval Access to community/research sites Informed consent and/or assent
% yes P-value % yes P-value % yes P-value
Research participants Composition Internally displaced 57.1 0.031 59.3 0.150 60.4 0.136
Refugees 40.0 52.3 46.2
Others 12.5 25.0 37.5
Age groups Adults/ older adults 46.3 0.197 56.5 0.622 51.9 0.810
Children 53.3 56.7 56.7
All age groups 50.0 46.2 57.7
Research characteristics Discipline Bio-medical 91.7 < 0.001 91.7 0.001 83.3 < 0.001
Public health 54.4 60.2 63.1
Social 32.4 41.2 35.3
Others 6.7 20.0 6.7
Methodology Quantitative 61.7 0.001 67.0 < 0.001 64.9 0.001
Qualitative 26.8 30.4 33.9
Both methodologies 42.9 71.4 57.1
Other descriptors First author affiliation Arab 23.17 0.64 26.2 0.53 26.8 1.0
Non-Arab 25.0 28.7 26.8
Author collaboration National 55.9 < 0.001 55.9 < 0.001 70.6 < 0.001
Regional 60.0 60.0 40.0
International 63.9 68.7 62.7
Solo author 9.5 26.2 23.8
Funding source National/Regional 50.0 < 0.001 62.5 0.161 37.5 0.019
International 64.7 58.8 62.7
UN organizations 80.0 80.0 80.0
Mixed 75.0 66.7 75.0
Non-funded 71.4 85.7 85.7
Not Mentioned 29.6 45.7 42.0
Journal type National 0.0 0.423 50.0 0.875 50.0 0.995
Regional 30.8 61.5 53.8
International 50.3 54.4 53.7
Journal submission guidelines Code of Ethics 57.4 0.001 NA NA 60.9% 0.011
None 27.1 NA 37.5%