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Table 1 Benefits and negative impacts associated with gene patents

From: Patenting human genes: Chinese academic articles’ portrayal of gene patents

Benefits Mentioned times
 • Promoting inventions 21
 • Huge market profits 19
 • Protecting inventors 14
 • Becoming a dominant role in the gene-related industry 11
 • Possessing genetic resources 4
Negative impacts
 • Impeding gene-related research and development 20
 • Monopolizing genetic testing services 17
 • Impeding access to healthcare 11
 • Depriving the rights of providers of human genetic resources 11
 • Impacting human being’s autonomy, privacy, dignity, and opposing the social justice 6
 • Violating public policy and morality 5
 • Robbing the genetic resources of developing countries 4
 • Violating the non-discrimination principle in WTO 1
 • Impacting international collaboration 1