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Table 3 Generated Codes

From: Experiences of community members and researchers on community engagement in an Ecohealth project in South Africa and Zimbabwe

Formative research, Community sensitisation and approval processes • Research naivety/inexperience
• Flexibility of the CE plan
• Informal and non-specific community entry processes
• Mistrust of researchers coming into the community
• Community and stakeholder involvement in study design and planning phase
• Lack of understanding study by school children and some parents
• Targeted engagement activities
Communication and Advisory Mechanisms
• Community Advisory Boards formed
• Community Liaison Officers hired
• Biannual community Feedback Sessions
• Community Leaders & Stakeholder monthly updates
• Responsibility sharing
• Sustained solicitation of opinions of ordinary community
• Community input into the CE
• Stakeholder involvement
• Community involved in decision making of an appropriate strategy
• Community selected CAB members
• CAB requests training
• CAB took over the communication duties of the CLO
• CAB & LCL disseminating information to communities
Empowerment & Education
• Citizen Science Indigenous Knowledge Systems Groups
• Community Research Assistants
• Community Training on Malaria & Schistosomiasis
• Community training on Research Processes
• Demystification of the research process
• Community involvement
• Community empowerment
• Responsibility sharing
• Community expected direct tangible benefits from MABISA
• Community requests training in snail and mosquito vector identification
• Community plans to continue with snail and mosquito vector identification
• CRAs considered as a “community resource” by the community members
• Community selected CRAs
Post Study Sustainable Activities
• Community Action Plans developed
• Engaged Policy Makers
• Forming community stakeholder partnerships
• Uptake of MABISA study activities • Continued surveillance of water points by the CRAs and trained individuals in Gwanda
• CBMEWS adapted for the Disaster Risk Management Ward Committee
• uMkhanyakude tribal council requested to use the maps of spatial distribution of Schistosomiasis and infected water bodies
• NGOs engaged and utilising study data
• Community Action Plans developed