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Table 3 Generated Codes

From: Experiences of community members and researchers on community engagement in an Ecohealth project in South Africa and Zimbabwe

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY 2nd ORDER THEMES 1st ORDER THEMES
Formative research, Community sensitisation and approval processes • Research naivety/inexperience
• Flexibility of the CE plan
• Informal and non-specific community entry processes
• Mistrust of researchers coming into the community
• Community and stakeholder involvement in study design and planning phase
• Lack of understanding study by school children and some parents
• Targeted engagement activities
Communication and Advisory Mechanisms
• Community Advisory Boards formed
• Community Liaison Officers hired
• Biannual community Feedback Sessions
• Community Leaders & Stakeholder monthly updates
• Responsibility sharing
• Sustained solicitation of opinions of ordinary community
• Community input into the CE
• Stakeholder involvement
• Community involved in decision making of an appropriate strategy
• Community selected CAB members
• CAB requests training
• CAB took over the communication duties of the CLO
• CAB & LCL disseminating information to communities
Empowerment & Education
• Citizen Science Indigenous Knowledge Systems Groups
• Community Research Assistants
• Community Training on Malaria & Schistosomiasis
• Community training on Research Processes
• Demystification of the research process
• Community involvement
• Community empowerment
• Responsibility sharing
• Community expected direct tangible benefits from MABISA
• Community requests training in snail and mosquito vector identification
• Community plans to continue with snail and mosquito vector identification
• CRAs considered as a “community resource” by the community members
• Community selected CRAs
Post Study Sustainable Activities
• Community Action Plans developed
• Engaged Policy Makers
• Forming community stakeholder partnerships
• Uptake of MABISA study activities • Continued surveillance of water points by the CRAs and trained individuals in Gwanda
• CBMEWS adapted for the Disaster Risk Management Ward Committee
• uMkhanyakude tribal council requested to use the maps of spatial distribution of Schistosomiasis and infected water bodies
• NGOs engaged and utilising study data
• Community Action Plans developed