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Table 5 PCA of statements concerning Polish students’ opinions about physicians’ cooperation with the pharmaceutical industry

From: Does growing up with a physician influence the ethics of medical students’ relationships with the pharmaceutical industry? The cases of the US and Poland

Statement (4-point Likert Scale) Component 1 Component 2 Component 3 h 2
Physicians should have the right to take expensive gifts from pharmaceutical companies if they are needed in their practice (e.g., branded stethoscopes). .853 .133 −.104 .757
Physicians should have the right to get support from pharmaceutical companies to attend conferences, training events, etc. .747 .256 −.077 .629
Physicians should have the right to take gifts from pharmaceutical companies in any form in which companies are likely to give them (e.g., good quality wine). .736 −.019 .099 .552
Physicians should have the right to take gifts of modest value which are needed in their practice (e.g., pens, notebooks) from pharmaceutical companies. .732 .244 −.145 .617
Physicians should have the right to perform paid work for pharmaceutical companies (e.g., completing questionnaires or examining patients). .646 .214 .041 .465
Pharmaceutical sales representatives perform an important educational function for physicians. .102 .818 .068 .685
Physicians should meet with medical representatives during working hours because they are getting information about the drugs necessary in their work. .259 .736 −.075 .615
Information about drugs coming from pharmaceutical companies is credible. .160 .614 −.143 .422
Gifts from pharmaceutical companies are rewards for prescribing their medicines. −.201 .065 .820 .716
Gifts to physicians from pharmaceutical companies influence physicians’ prescribing habits. −.083 −.066 .817 .679
Drug samples are also gifts from a pharmaceutical company. .110 −.085 .401 .180
Eigenvalue 2.94 1.79 1.58 SUM
Variance explained 26.7% 16.3% 14.4% 57.4%
  1. Source: M Makowska & M. Etyczne. Wyzwania współpracy studentów medycyny z przemysłem farmaceutycznym. Studium porównawcze sytuacji w Polsce i USA. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo SGGW; 2016, p. 252. Loadings in bold indicate the highest component loading for each item (these being the most salient loadings for interpretation of each component)